"The sound of firecrackers says goodbye to the old year, and gongs and drums greet the new year". With the increasingly strong voice of lifting the ban on fireworks this year, the more we reach the end of the year, the more we can feel the strong Chinese New Year atmosphere in the bright fireworks and the loud firecrackers. Fireworks are beautiful and full of fun. However, every Spring Festival, there are always many tragedies related to fireworks and firecrackers, and eye injuries are an important part of these tragedies. Doctors from Hunan Provincial People’s Hospital will introduce the guide to the safe use of fireworks during the Spring Festival.
Who are the most vulnerable to fireworks and firecrackers?
There are several groups of people who are most likely to be injured by firecrackers: children and people who like to watch the fun.
Children are the main injured people. They are full of interest and curiosity about fireworks and firecrackers, and often set off fireworks without their parents. However, without good safety awareness or parental guidance, it is easy to make a big mistake.
There are also a few people who love to watch the excitement and have their eyes injured by fireworks. Some of these people are injured because of their unfavorable actions after drinking, and some are injured because they have no awareness of safety avoidance.
Which situations are most likely to injure eyes?
The first thing to do is to look at the "squib". This kind of injured people are not only common in children, but also in adults and even the elderly. In this case, the injury is often more serious and even the risk of enucleation is faced. Secondly, setting off inferior fireworks can easily lead to eye injuries. This kind of fireworks is more prone to the phenomenon of "squib", or the phenomenon of combustible materials bursting around after discharge. In addition, some children like to set off fireworks in bottles or sand, which is also prone to eye injuries.
What should I do if fireworks are injured?
First, judge the severity of the injury by yourself. You can check whether your vision has dropped significantly by yourself, and ask others to help you check whether it is eyelid injury or eyeball injury, and whether there are symptoms such as bleeding.
Secondly, don’t press and squeeze the eyeball, don’t bandage the eyeball with pressure, and don’t wash your eyes with water. Avoid applying any external force to the injured eyeball, resulting in the loss of intraocular structures from the wound.
Don’t be far away from the near, you should be treated nearby. The primary treatment principle of eyeball rupture caused by fireworks explosion is to suture the broken eyeball as soon as possible to avoid the loss of normal tissue structure in the eye. Therefore, it is very important to be sent to a nearby hospital for first-stage surgery for follow-up treatment and eyeball saving.
Don’t put any ointment in your eyes. Self-application of eye ointment and other drugs will affect doctors’ further examination of wounds, judgment of illness and delay treatment.
How to ensure the safety of setting off fireworks during the Spring Festival?
Buy fireworks and firecrackers produced by regular manufacturers, and don’t buy "three noes" products cheaply.
Fireworks and firecrackers should be set off at the place designated by the government. Stay away from the crowd and take care of the children.
Older children should be accompanied by parents’ guidance to set off fireworks. It is recommended to buy children’s fireworks with high safety and low power produced by regular manufacturers for setting off fireworks. It is recommended not to let children set off firecrackers, especially not to set off firecrackers in containers such as bottles and tin cans to avoid injury.
It is forbidden for children to set off fireworks and firecrackers.
Children can wear goggles when setting off fireworks, which can not only prevent foreign objects such as cannon fodder from entering their eyes, but also protect their eyes when they accidentally explode.
Once again, once an injury happens, don’t handle it yourself and go to the hospital in time. (Correspondent Hu Rong)