(Reporter Yu Chunfeng, Liu Guodong Mizhe) On November 6-7, the party and government delegation of Jilin Province visited Tianjin, and the two provinces and cities held a symposium on cooperation and exchange, and signed the Framework Agreement of Tianjin Municipal People’s Government and Changchun Municipal People’s Government on Comprehensively Deepening Counterpart Cooperation.
Chen Miner, secretary of the Municipal Party Committee, presided over the forum and delivered a speech. Jing Junhai, secretary of the Jilin Provincial Party Committee and director of the Standing Committee of the Provincial People’s Congress, attended and delivered a speech. Hu Yuting, Deputy Secretary of Jilin Provincial Party Committee and Governor, and Zhang Gong, Deputy Secretary of Municipal Party Committee and Mayor respectively introduced the economic and social development of the two provinces and cities and deepened cooperation and exchanges between Tianjin and Kyrgyzstan. CPPCC Chairman Wang Changsong attended.
景俊海代表吉林省委、省政府，向天津市长期以来给予吉林省的支持帮助表示衷心感谢。他说，天津在党和国家发展全局中具有重要战略地位。近年来，天津一以贯之践行习近平总书记“三个着力”重要指示要求，深入实施高质量发展“十项行动”，全面建设社会主义现代化大都市不断取得新进展新成效。天津的好经验好做法，值得我们认真学习借鉴。吉林和天津渊源深厚、互动频繁，特别是通过天津长春对口合作，收获了兄弟般的深情厚谊和丰硕合作成果。当前，吉林正在深入贯彻习近平总书记在新时代推动东北全面振兴座谈会上的重要讲话精神和中共中央政治局10月27日会议精神，奋力走出高质量发展、可持续振兴新路。我们愿进一步加强同京津冀协同发展战略对接，与天津携手服务和融入新发展格局，在新起点上共谱吉津合作新篇章。一是携手拓展对外开放空间，深化经贸交流合作，不断提升开放发展水平。二是携手构筑先进制造业高地，在重点领域深化合作，更好实现产业配套和产业链互补。三是携手推动粮肉产销协作，深化“津粮吉储”“津肉吉供”，Let more Jilin high-quality food enter the family kitchen, the people’s dining table and the people’s pockets. Fourth, work together to tap the consumption potential of cultural tourism, launch more high-quality cultural tourism products and tourism boutique routes, and better meet the consumption needs of the people.
According to the agreement, our city and Changchun will comprehensively promote cooperation in the fields of modern agriculture, strategic emerging industries, scientific and technological innovation, opening up, economic and trade tourism, financial services, ecological protection, and cadres and talents.
During their stay in Tianjin, the party and government delegation of Jilin Province inspected Tasly Holding Group Co., Ltd. to learn about enterprise innovation and development, industrial system construction and intelligent manufacturing technology.
Zhang Enhui, Li Wei, Li Guoqiang and Wang Zilian, leaders of Jilin Province and Changchun City, and Liu Huawen, secretary general of the provincial government; City leaders Wang Lijun, Zhu Peng, Zhang Ling and Meng Qingsong, Secretary General of the municipal government, attended related activities.
Over the years, around the Dragon Boat Festival, Chinese medicine and Korean medicine, printing and Confucian classic engraving, many public hot topics have emerged. Among them, there are many misinformation, and common-sense mistakes like confusing world heritage, intangible heritage and memory engineering are also common. At this time, instead of deliberately entangled in "squatting", it is better to calm down at the same time and build a multi-dimensional coordinate system of "beauty of beauty, beauty of beauty" to improve the appreciation level of tolerance and mutual learning.
3. Visit five academies in Korea.
In 2011, the Korean government selected 9 representative colleges from the existing 637 colleges to apply for the World Heritage. I remember that when I read the English version of Korea’s related application documents, I couldn’t understand "Seowon". After reading it carefully, I suddenly realized that this word is not the transliteration of Chinese "Academy" from Korean and then translated into English.
After nine years of hard work, the Confucian Academy project declared by South Korea has finally been included in the World Heritage List. What are these Confucian academies in Korea like now? What is the unique value? Over the years, I have been to South Korea three times, walking in Gyeongsang Road, which was among the eight roads of Lee’s North Korean dynasty, and visited five academies.
Among the five academies, Pingshan Academy, located near Hehui Village, a world heritage site in Anton City, still lingers on my mind when I visit them again and again. Nowadays, tourists who come to Hehui Village can take a country road to Pingshan College for a short stay if they are still interested, but they don’t know that there is a dirt road in Hehui Village, which winds into the mountains through the rice fields at the head of the village. Walking among them, if you go up the mountain yin road and overlook the Luodong River, it flows slowly, and you stop and go, as if you were sailing with the water, and the mountains and rivers set each other off, which makes people overwhelmed. About an hour later, I arrived in front of this academy, which was built in 1613. Pingshan Academy is named after the picturesque mountains on the other side, which is generally similar to other academies’ regulations, but the special environment makes this place particularly spacious and spacious. At dusk, I boarded the building opposite to the evening, and when I looked around, the river rippled with golden waves, and the light and shadow on the other side of the cliff were displaced. The scenery was quite artistic in Du Fu’s poem, "The emerald screen should be right at night, and the white valley will swim deeply."
Hidden in the mountains, Yun Shenchu
Among these five academies, Shaoxiu Academy in Yeongju is the oldest, which was founded by the great scholar Li Kun (1501— 1570) was founded in 1543, initially named "Baiyundong Academy", located outside the entrance of Xiaobaishan National Park in South Korea. Perhaps because of the reconstruction of the old Buddhist temple site, the pattern of Shaoxiu Academy is quite different from other academies, and there is no clear correspondence between the lecture space and the sacrifice space, and the setting of the lent houses and lecture halls is also slightly scattered. However, it was recognized by Korean scholars as the first academy on the Korean peninsula because it had two functions of giving lectures and offering sacrifices at the earliest.
After leaving Shaoxiu Academy, I followed the footsteps of "Haidong Zhuzi" Li Yun, from Rongzhou to Anton, and went to Taoshan Academy, which was founded in 1561. In terms of scale, it is the largest of several Korean academies I have visited; According to the situation, this academy is backed by the lush Taoshan Mountain, and faces the mighty Luodong River in front. Cangshan Mountain has clear water, and the river is full of color and charm. After several years, I still remember that when I visited that day, it was raining cats and dogs, and I couldn’t help feeling that Taoshan Academy was really the first holy land of Confucianism in the Li Dynasty.
As for Yushan Academy and Daodong Academy, they are quite like two deep valleys and orchids. One is located in the outer suburb of Gyeongju, a thousand-year-old ancient capital, and one is hidden in the most remote Dacheng County of Daegu City. Jade Mountain Academy in Gyeongju, contrary to the traditional practice of sitting south facing north, has adopted the pattern of sitting east facing west, with small building volume and very compact layout. Daodong Academy in Dacheng County faces Luodong River, accompanied by towering ginkgo biloba in front of the door, and the pavilion at the entrance is named Shuiyue Building, which makes people wonder that if they visit on the night of "full moon on March 5", they can see the scenery of "and the moon comes running up the river".
Might as well "beauty of beauty"
The two most famous academies in China — — Bailudong Academy and Songyang Academy were included in the World Heritage List in 1996 and 2010 respectively as part of the "Heaven and Earth" historical buildings in Lushan and Dengfeng. As for the Confucian Academy in South Korea, the system imitates China’s early academy, and even its original Baiyundong Academy imitates the Lushan Bailudong Academy reconstructed by Zhu Xi in name. It should be noted that the English name of Korean heritage project is "Seowon, Korean Neo-Confucian Academies". If Neo-Confucian is translated into "neo-Confucianism" or "neo-Confucianism" without thinking, then the complexity of the meaning of "neo-Confucianism" in Chinese context is ignored, so it is better to follow the Chinese tradition and call it "Korean Confucian Academy".
Lee’s Korean dynasty worshiped Confucianism, but as the scholar Ge Zhaoguang said, we can’t simply confuse the traditions of several East Asian countries. Specific to the Confucian Academy in Korea, the architectural layout refers to the configuration form of "Korean Mountain Temple" which was listed as a world heritage last year. Under the same social background and land use conditions, these academies have formed a completely different architectural model from mountain temples. Therefore, it has a direct role in promoting the formation of the so-called "true landscape" landscape concept of the Korean dynasty after the 18th century.
Stones from other mountains can attack jade. The sense of solemnity that Korean academies continue to maintain is a relatively intact part of their cultural heritage of East Asian academies. This is also where we should study now. It is said that there are as many as 15,000 teenagers who go to Shaoxiu Academy to study traditional etiquette for three days every year. I still remember coming to Taoshan Academy, which is far away from the small town of Anton, on a non-weekend time six years ago. At that time, it was raining heavily, but a group of primary school students who were wearing raincoats but wet from head to toe came to visit. Under the guidance of the staff dressed in Confucian clothes, the children chirped into the Canon Church, and after a while they began to listen and read. In the quiet, they looked solemn and dignified, and the moment when the wind and rain sounded like reading was quite antique (see Figure 2).
(Qiao Lujing text/map)
Central adjustment of pension funds, sharp reduction of import tariffs on daily necessities, and cancellation of "roaming" of traffic … … July is approaching, and a number of new regulations will be implemented soon. It’s about your life and mine. Come and get to know it ~
Central adjustment of endowment insurance fund
Pension payment is more secure.
On July 1st, China officially implemented the central adjustment system of endowment insurance funds. After the implementation of the new system,As enterprises and individual employees, the payment is still implemented in accordance with the current policy, and there is no need to pay extra, and it will not affect the personal treatment of retirees.
Prior to this, the basic old-age insurance for enterprise employees in China was implemented at the provincial level. As far as the whole country is concerned, the income of the old-age insurance fund exceeds the expenditure. However, due to the unbalanced economic development and large population structure differences in various regions of China, the income and expenditure and balance of the basic old-age insurance fund in all areas are also unbalanced.
Therefore, the implementation of the central adjustment system of endowment insurance funds can increase the overall anti-risk ability of the endowment insurance system, make the timely and full payment of pensions in various places more secure, and thus help promote the sustainable development of the basic endowment insurance system for enterprise employees nationwide.
Central Bank targeted cuts to required reserve ratios 0.5 percentage points
Release about 700 billion yuan of funds.
Since July 5,The central bank lowered the RMB deposit reserve ratio of large state-owned commercial banks, joint-stock commercial banks, postal savings banks, city commercial banks, non-county rural commercial banks and foreign banks by 0.5 percentage points, further promoted the market-oriented and legalized "debt-to-equity swap" and increased support for small and micro enterprises.
Targeted cuts to required reserve ratios, which supports the market-oriented rule of law and "debt-to-equity swap", can release about 500 billion yuan; Targeted cuts to required reserve ratios, which supports small and micro enterprises, can release about 200 billion yuan, which is mainly used to support relevant banks to explore the small and micro enterprise market and issue loans to small and micro enterprises, further alleviating the problem of financing difficulties and high financing costs for small and micro enterprises.
2018 edition of foreign investment access
Negative list release
From July 28,A series of restrictions on foreign investment in banking, securities, automobile manufacturing, power grid construction, railway trunk road network construction and chain gas station construction will be lifted.The National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Commerce recently released the negative list of foreign investment access in 2018, and launched a new round of opening-up measures in 22 fields including finance, infrastructure, transportation and trade circulation.
The Special Administrative Measures for Foreign Investment Access (Negative List) (2018 Edition) is a revision of the negative list of foreign investment access in the Catalogue for the Guidance of Foreign Investment Industries (revised in 2017) and is published separately. In 2018, the length of the negative list was reduced from 63 to 48, and a series of major opening measures were introduced.
Import tariffs on daily necessities have been greatly reduced.
Consumers get benefits.
From July 1st, the import tariffs on consumer goods will be lowered to a large extent to better meet the diversified consumption needs of domestic residents.Reduce the average import tariff rate of clothing, shoes and hats, kitchens and sports and fitness products from 15.9% to 7.1%; Reduce the average import tariff rate of household appliances such as washing machines and refrigerators from 20.5% to 8%; Reduce the average import tariff rate of processed foods such as aquaculture, fishing aquatic products and mineral water from 15.2% to 6.9%; The average import tariff rate of washing products, cosmetics such as skin care and hairdressing and some medical and health products will be reduced from 8.4% to 2.9%. The downward adjustment is basically above 50%.
These kinds of daily necessities are mainly concentrated in the field of imported consumer goods with characteristics and advantages where China people’s demand is relatively concentrated, which will undoubtedly bring great benefits to the people, and will also force relevant manufacturers in China to speed up supply-side reform, improve product quality and promote industrial upgrading. Foreign enterprises will also gain a bigger market from it, which will be a win-win result.
Import tariffs on automobiles have been considerably reduced.
The tax on car purchase has been significantly reduced.
Since July 1, 2018, China will significantly reduce the import tariffs on automobiles. Reduce the tariffs on automobiles with tax rates of 25% and 20% respectively to 15%;Reduce the tariffs on auto parts with tax rates of 8%, 10%, 15%, 20% and 25% to 6%.. The reduction of import tariffs on automobiles is an important measure to further expand China’s reform and opening up. After the tax reduction, the average tax rate of China’s automobile is 13.8%, and the average tax rate of parts is 6%, which is in line with the reality of China’s automobile industry.
Take an imported car with a customs declaration price of 300,000 yuan as an example. Under the previous tariff rate of 25%, its tariff was 75,000 yuan. Based on the tax rate of 15%, the tariff is 45,000 yuan, and the consumption tax and value-added tax will be reduced accordingly, and the overall tax and fee can be saved by more than 40,000 yuan.
National railway readjustment map
The maximum fare discount is 6.5%
Three months after the last map adjustment, the railway department will implement the train diagram adjustment in the second phase of this year from July 1, with the overall policy of "to meet the requirements of high-quality economic and social development". At the same time, from July 5, some high-speed train emus will be optimized and adjusted.
After this map adjustment,The "EMU Train Marketization Plan" will be implemented, and daily maps, weekend maps and peak maps will be arranged. At the same time, flexible fares are implemented.From July 5th this year, we will optimize the published fares of high-speed trains running at speeds of 200-250km/h on the six sections of lines from Hefei to Wuhan, from Wuhan to Yichang, from Guiyang to Guangzhou, from Liuzhou to Nanning, from Shanghai to Nanjing and from Nanjing to Hangzhou, and announce the fares as the maximum price limit, with the maximum discount of 6.5%. Compared with the current situation, the adjusted executive fare has generally increased and decreased.
In addition, after this map adjustment, the daily number of national railway "Fuxing" EMUs will increase from the current 114.5 pairs to 170.5 pairs, and 16 long-formed "Fuxing" EMUs will also be put into operation for the first time.
Regulations on Operation and Management of Urban Rail Transit
It will be implemented on July 1.
The "Regulations on the Operation and Management of Urban Rail Transit" issued by the Ministry of Transport will be implemented on July 1 this year. The Regulations put forward requirements for the operation and management of urban rail transit in China from four aspects: management, service, safety and emergency.
The "Regulations" refine the content of the special article on operation services and straighten out the connection between operation and preliminary planning. Establish a safety assessment system for urban rail transit before the initial operation, before the formal operation and during the operation. Clarify the management of employees, access to facilities and equipment, operation and maintenance management, management and control of potential risks and other related requirements.
The "Regulations" also clarify the relevant procedural requirements for operations within the scope of urban rail transit protection zones, requiring operating units to formulate safety protection plans and dynamically monitor the areas affected by operations. Clarify the relevant requirements for the operation inspection of protected areas, stipulate the disposal of obstacles and violations of buildings (structures) along the ground and overhead lines, and strengthen the protection of urban rail transit lines.
Traffic roaming will be cancelled.
You don’t have to change your number when you live outside your home.
China Mobile, China Unicom and China Telecom announced that the roaming charges (excluding Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan traffic) will be cancelled from July 1st, and the traffic of mobile phone users in the province will be upgraded to domestic traffic.Mobile phone traffic will no longer distinguish between the province, outside the province/local and national.. Since the "long-distance" call fee was completely abolished in September last year, there will be no difference in the main fees generated by the use of mobile phone numbers in all parts of the country (except Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan) except the difference in attribution. Users who go to work and study outside the number home can save the trouble of changing their mobile phone numbers.
At the same time, some package traffic does not support upgrading to national traffic: regional preferential packages based on base station positioning (the largest range is smaller than the local network), including community packages, subway traffic packages and airport traffic packages, are not included in this adjustment.
Degree of higher education in China
The fees for certification services were completely cancelled.
According to the notice jointly issued by the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Finance,From July 1st, China will completely cancel the fees for domestic higher education degree certification services.
After the cancellation of the domestic higher education academic degree certification service fees, the academic degrees that have been registered in the relevant databases of college students’ academic information management system and degree information management system will be subject to online inquiry and electronic certification in principle. Previously, the Ministry of Education has connected the academic degree information database to the national data sharing and exchange platform.
In the next step, the Ministry of Education will vigorously promote the electronic inquiry authentication service, further simplify the service process, improve the service quality, and better meet the social needs such as data inquiry of domestic higher education degree certificates.
Individual tax policy encourages researchers.
Recently, State Taxation Administration of The People’s Republic of China issued the Notice on the Collection and Management of Individual Income Tax on the Cash Rewards for Scientific and Technological Personnel Obtaining Post Scientific and Technological Achievements, in order to implement the Notice on the Individual Income Tax Policy on the Cash Rewards for Scientific and Technological Personnel Obtaining Post Scientific and Technological Achievements issued by the Ministry of Finance, State Taxation Administration of The People’s Republic of China and the Ministry of Science and Technology at the end of May this year.
According to the Notice,Cash rewards given to scientific and technical personnel from the income from the transformation of post scientific and technological achievements can be reduced by 50% and included in the "salary and salary income" of scientific and technical personnel in the current month.. The "Announcement" further clarified the relevant operational issues, so that taxpayers can accurately understand and enjoy policies and standardize tax returns in time. The Announcement shall come into force on July 1, 2018. (Comprehensive People’s Network)
Original title: all quiet on the western front: How to talk about the pain of war?
Recently, a film of the same name based on a novel by German writer Erich Maria Remarque was released. This is the third time that all quiet on the western front has been adapted into a film. Previously, the film "all quiet on the western front" made in 1930 and 1979 was all American works, and this time the adaptation right was handed over to the Germans. In 1928, when remarque’s novels began to be serialized, the editor of the German newspaper Forsyth commented: "all quiet on the western front" is the first real monument of the unknown soldier. This unbiased novel is a monument stronger than stone and more lasting than ore. This monument is exciting, enriching people’s minds and showing the most horrible documentary images of war to later generations.
Boymer, a passionate German youth, devoted himself to the "World War I" with heroic ideals. When he was sent to the western front to participate in the war, he witnessed cruel hunger, blood and death … … The new film pays more attention to sensory impact, and projects the war landscape to the individual’s body in a short-sighted and miniaturized way. Boymer was deeply involved in the war for four years. The physical and mental collapse caused by the war and the intermittent indulgence of the war made the young soldiers stiff and lost their minds, leaving them in panic and crouching in the trench, waiting for the doomsday judgment. At the beginning of the film, there was no melodramatic fear of participating in the war. A cannon fire abruptly stuffed the war into the nerves of every recruit, and death came to the face. Distant mountains, jungles, and fog are all combinations of quotations. Numb-faced soldiers run on the battlefield, just like ghosts floating on the dead Yuan Ye. The color of the film is strong, with gray, white and black as the background color. Pale faces, dark scorched earth and dark red blood are the usual scenes. Mud is a recurring picture in the film. Fighting in the mud, crawling in the mud and trudging on the mud, all the soldiers are caught in the mud of war, their thoughts and feelings are deeply buried, and they have no power to pull them out. The cold, wet and sticky mud has eroded the feelings of the soldiers. All their rights are waiting in vain, waiting for vanity, and not wanting to struggle and resist. On the contrary, every sergeant is used to death, and only death can repair their fragility and end the pain that is difficult to talk about in war. Just as Jaden, with a knee injury, asked for his death quickly,Punch an artery with a spoon and commit suicide. The war scenes in hell, demonized sergeants, machine monsters that crush everything, concrete and slight dying pictures, and the breath of death in a wheezing way show the individual war experience in an all-round way, and realistically depict the battlefield peristalsis of the bottom sergeants. The picture of the film is dignified and slow, and the still water is deep, so that the war peddlers can see the products of the war and liquidate their guilt in the depths of their souls.
No matter how wonderful the story is, it will lose its vividness and freshness in repeated telling. The new version of "all quiet on the western front" did not experience aesthetic fatigue due to repeated shooting, precisely because it did not create beauty or stories, but only showed the war experience and pain. "The body is dead, the gods are spiritual, and the soul of the child is a ghost." War is sometimes advocated or boasted by fanatics. All quiet on the western front is an anti-hero and anti-war. It tells the truth about the destruction and exploitation of people by war. "For the sake of the emperor, God and the motherland", a group of young students were bewitched and went to the mud of war with heroic dreams. After a fire, youth was scorched and withered by the heat of guns, and the heat of faith could not resist the cold of death. The trenches were filled with corpses and residual limbs, and only the name tag proved that a person had been to the trenches and participated in the war. War destroys people not only by steel beasts like tanks, but also by time. During the four years of fighting on the western front, each battle can only advance hundreds of meters, so the report of the situation only says "all quiet on the western front", but under the black political lies, more than 3 million young people on the western front were killed.
The film writes the story of the hero Boymer from a civilian perspective. Before he could grow into a soldier, he lost his fighting ideal, his ability to love and hate, and his thinking ability, leaving only vanity. Instinctively "survival" became the highest criterion of his existence. In order to survive, he will shoot, fight and kill; Losing his thinking power means that he is completely stuffed and destroyed by the terror of war and becomes a living zombie of war. Stealing farmers’ food with Kate is the greatest happiness he can find after the war. Even if this epiphany life is relaxed, it will soon be strangled by the law of death. The death dilemma depicted in the film is a painful warning. Only when people face the painful death can they have a definite sense of reality and consciously resist the oppression of the bottom people by the evil war.
There is no artistic style in the new film, such as "catching butterflies" in 1930 and "copying larks" in 1979, which completely cuts off the poetic connection between war and art. In the face of the cruelty of war, art can’t transform it into transcendental aesthetic imagination, only to moan and reprimand feebly. Criticize the delay of the war decision-makers at the negotiating table, criticize the incompetent generals for the so-called humiliation, and drive the sergeants to launch the last round of attacks before the armistice, which completely cost the hero’s life. Boymer’s death was inevitable, but it was also unexpected. He struggled carefully but fell on the threshold of the armistice. The erection of the moment of death made the audience panic that the war had pulled away from the ruthlessness of life and aroused the fear of war.
The new version of "all quiet on the western front" does not dig deep into the story, but focuses on the little people who are aware of the great history, so that the audience can see the tears in the mirror image of the times and feel the misfortune of ordinary people abandoned by the war, and the anti-war consensus is more convincing. Historical experience should be precipitated in repeated reading, painful experience should be passed on continuously, and refusing to forget the idea of peace can have a solid rational cornerstone. All quiet on the western front, may there be no more wars in the world. (Author: Lei Jun, former professor of Basic Department of Military Economics College)
Nowadays, parents are anxious when it comes to their children’s study. They generally feel that their children don’t like to study and do their homework, which often leads to "war at home" because of urging their children to study, especially the parents of some students with good academic performance, which also reflects that their children don’t like to study. Why? An Fuhai, a professor at the Teacher Development Research Center of Hangzhou Normal University, interviewed students in some schools in view of this phenomenon, hoping that the conclusions will enlighten our current educational predicament.
1. "I love learning, and learning makes my mother happy!" The disharmony behind it
Reporter: Generally speaking, people think that children who don’t like learning are children with poor academic performance and bad study habits. But now many excellent primary and middle school students, even the first students in many classes, don’t like studying. Why is this?
An Fuhai: At the end of 2019, a class of junior high school students in a middle school sports meeting in Shenzhen typed "I love learning, and learning makes my mother happy!" The banner, once circulated, has gained a lot of resonance. Many primary and middle school students shouted "What a talent! Say ‘ Working people ’ The voice of ". The implication is that they don’t like learning either. The banner and the shouts of the adherents made the adults laugh, but the laughter was full of sadness. It was also during that time that the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) announced the test results of programme for international student assessment 2018 PISA2018. In the sampling test of 15-year-old students in 79 participating countries (regions), we achieved excellent results in three subjects (reading, mathematics and science). However, different from the "Celebration" after the announcement of our first prize in 2009 and 2012, the education sector began to rationally reflect on the problems exposed by the PISA test, including education balance, shortage of teachers, study time and teaching methods. In my opinion, we should also think deeply about the relationship between our students’ learning status and academic performance. Because the current situation of students’ learning tells us that there is a disharmony between their learning status and academic performance, that is, they have good academic performance but do not like learning.
Reporter: Common sense tells us that you can get good grades only if you like to study.
An Fuhai:After all, the results are obtained by the students themselves, so it is necessary to listen to the voices of the parties. With this "common sense", I randomly interviewed 60 students from three middle schools who participated in the 2018 PISA test. "Do you like studying? Will learning make you feel happy? " When hearing this question, most students just laughed and didn’t answer. The students’ answers mainly focus on these aspects: "Hehe, it’s ok"; "Like, not to mention, it should be said to be liked"; "Not very much"; "Study, homework, I immediately feel worse when I hear these two words"; "There are people who like to learn? Crazy, it must be crazy. " The number of students who answered "not bad" in each school is very small.
In fact, the data that students’ learning satisfaction in four provinces and cities in China ranks 61st among the participating countries (regions) has fully explained that good grades do not necessarily love learning. In addition, the PISA2018 test results also show that the learning efficiency of students in reading, mathematics and science in four provinces and cities in China and their sense of belonging to the school are also relatively low in the participating countries (regions). In other words, students not only dislike learning, but also have no sense of belonging to the school. In fact, this conclusion doesn’t need PISA test to tell us at all. Just walk into a school to observe a few classes or interview some students and teachers to get a similar understanding.
2. Every time except sleeping and eating time is filled with study.
Reporter: I don’t like learning, and my learning efficiency is relatively low. Why can I get the "first" grade?
An Fuhai:Prolonging study time is our magic weapon to win. Although the PISA2018 test results show that the average classroom study time of students in four provinces and cities in China ranks fourth among the participating countries (regions). However, the statistics here are only the study time arranged by the school, and the students’ extracurricular independent study time is not included. As we all know, Chinese students, especially those in big cities, spend an amazing amount of extra-curricular study time. It is learned from these three schools that most students spend about 3 hours a day after class in a week, with a total of 15 hours in five days; The study time for two days on weekends is about 8 hours. In this way, the total study time of Chinese students per week will definitely be far ahead among the 79 participating countries (regions). The PISA test results in 2012 also showed this problem. The Shanghai team represented the mainland of China in the total score of mathematics, reading and science, but it also won another first place, that is, the study time is the longest, with 13.8 hours per week, which is about 20 hours together with extracurricular tutoring, while the average of OECD countries is 7.8 hours.
If you think this statistic is not convincing enough, let’s take a look at the situation that parents attach importance to their children’s education. Most parents in China attach importance to education, and the most prominent performance is to enroll their children in various remedial classes from kindergarten. Statistics show that in 2019, families in Hangzhou spent 20,000-40,000 yuan on children’s extracurricular tutoring every year, and it rose to 30,000-50,000 yuan in 2020. Almost every family gives tutoring to their children, ranging from three to five or six. Parents’ high investment in education is enough for students to fill up their studies at every time except insufficient sleep time and hot meal time.
Reporter: Yes, primary and secondary school students are not getting enough sleep, and the myopia rate and obesity rate are increasing. People from all walks of life have been calling for these problems in recent years, but they have not been improved.
An Fuhai:Although several PISA tests have made China students’ excellent achievements proud, there are huge time costs, physical overdrafts and heavy costs for students to lose interest in learning. According to the survey in 2020, the average myopia rate of primary school students in China is about 36%, that of junior high school students is 71.6%, and that of senior high school students is 81%. The key point is that high myopia above 600 degrees accounts for 28% of the 81% myopia of senior high school students. In addition, the number of students suffering from depression in many key middle schools is increasing, and the number of students who commit suicide or have thought about suicide is also increasing year by year. Whether it is for families, individuals or the whole country, such a fact is too cruel, and such a price is unbearable for us.
3. I hate school and study, even if I get into a prestigious school, it is difficult to create outstanding achievements.
Reporter: Primary and middle school students get up the earliest, go to bed the latest, and work hard to get good grades, but in the end they don’t like learning. This phenomenon is really worrying. But maybe many parents don’t think so. In their view, as long as children get the first place in the exam, they can go to a good university and have a good job, so all the physical and mental efforts seem to be worth it.
An Fuhai:The good expectation of "Jackie Chan becomes a phoenix", the learning goal of "score first" and the learning process of repeated training make students hate learning, school and even knowledge, which seems nothing to some parents. However, we should deeply realize that a considerable number of seemingly excellent students are forced to study under various external pressures. Once the pressure is lifted, they will inevitably evade learning. What will be the future of those students who evade learning? This is not a disease-free groan and melodramatic sadness, but a problem that deserves our deep thought more than paying attention to score ranking. If a student hates school and doesn’t like studying, even if he can be admitted to a prestigious school in the future, it will be difficult to create outstanding achievements. Because he has no enthusiasm for learning and can’t experience the happiness of learning, it is impossible to devote more time and energy to studying what he has learned. We have learned a lesson in this respect. China began to participate in international Olympic mathematics competitions around 1985, including physics competitions, biology competitions and computer competitions. There are many winners every year, from 1985 to now for more than 30 years. Many foreign child prodigies who competed on the same stage as China’s child prodigies have become everyone in all fields, but we seldom contribute to the world. Take Tao Zhexuan, an Australian-born Chinese mathematician and winner of the Fields Medal for Mathematics, as an example. He was less than 13 years old when he won the Olympic gold medal in 1988. At that time, many students in China also won Olympic medals.However, few people have made such outstanding achievements as Tao Zhexuan, and most of them have been far away from mathematics.
Reporter: How important is it for the growth of students to love learning and be full of interest and enthusiasm for learning?
An Fuhai:The Fifth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee proposed to improve the national innovation system and accelerate the construction of a powerful country through science and technology during the 14th Five-Year Plan period. It can be said that to achieve such a great goal, we need to cultivate innovative talents through education. Active interest in learning and pleasant learning experience are the internal motivation of learning, the foundation of healthy personality and the necessity of innovative talents. Interest is the best teacher. Once a person has a strong interest in something, he will take the initiative to seek knowledge, explore and practice. The positive emotion and pleasant experience generated in the process of seeking knowledge, exploration and practice will further promote new seeking knowledge, exploration and practice, which will lead learners to a happy road of learning and exploration. Therefore, parents should let go of their anxiety and leave more free time and space for their children to fully develop their interests, so that they can love learning and grow up healthily with happy emotions and positive experiences. Schools should pay less attention to some problem-solving skills and high-scoring cheats, and pay more attention to the laws of students’ physical and mental development and the mechanism of learning. Starting from students’ interest in learning, they should awaken students’ intrinsic learning motivation and lofty pursuit of life, so that they can actively explore the unknown world with happy learning emotions and happy learning experiences.
Source: China News Network
On the 8th, a topic entry named # Match-fixing in the Final of Guangdong National Games # occupied a high position in Weibo’s hot search for a long time. As of press time, the reading volume of this topic exceeded 140 million, and nearly 9,000 people participated in the discussion.
From the perspective of competitive sports, this game is not a high-level event. If there are no special circumstances, it will not attract so much public attention to a great extent.
However, looking at the comment area, everyone has a hot discussion.
“It’s the darkest hour of football in China, except for the 15-year-old boys.This is a sentence left by a netizen in the topic discussion area.
In the eyes of professional football media, there are also problems in this game. “After watching the replay of the game, there is indeed a suspicion of match-fixing, which supports a thorough investigation."
Everyone’s response is filled with the most emotions, which are helplessness and anger. In other words, today, football in China is still at a low ebb, and this game has poked a lot of people who care about football in China.
Let’s get to know the situation of this game first.
The match was held on August 7th, 2022. It was the men’s B Group A final of the 16th Guangdong Sports Games, and was played between Qingyuan team and Guangzhou team. There was no abnormal situation after the start of the game. In the second half, Qingyuan team took the lead 3-1.
But since then, the Qingyuan team seems to be like a "power outage." Goalkeepers and defenders pass the ball at will in the backcourt and are directly intercepted by opponents; When the Guangzhou team launched the attack, the Qingyuan team defender did not seem to stop the football from entering the goal; According to the camera, several Qingyuan team players started the "walking" mode on the court …
In the end, Guangzhou defeated Qingyuan 5-3 to win the championship.
After the video of this game exploded on social media, Dong Lu, a well-known football media person, used "weird 13 minutes" to describe what happened on the field.
While the outside world is discussing the game,The Chinese Football Association officially announced the launch of an investigation into the game.. The announcement said that in this competition, the performance of athletes from both sides on the field was widely questioned by public opinion, which aroused the concern of all sectors of society. China Football Association attaches great importance to this and starts the investigation procedure, and will form an investigation team with the participation of the Competition Department, the Discipline Inspection Department and other departments, and will go to Guangzhou for investigation on August 8.
It is not what China football wants to cause a heated discussion in such a way.
This year’s poor World Cup preliminaries once again put the national football team into an "infinite loop", and many fans didn’t know how to face the China football that had been in the trough for a while.
In fact, there has been a lot of news about football in China recently.
The Chinese Super League officially resumed the home and away game system. For professional teams and clubs, the home game was opened for a long time, and when familiar spectators entered the stadium again, it brought more positive signals to the team’s operation.
In the East Asia Cup competition that ended at the end of July, the China Men’s Football Team with "U23 National Team" as the main team won the third place.
Although only four teams participated in the East Asia Cup, this ranking did not satisfy the Chinese people. However, the original intention of sending young players out to increase the experience of the competition and taking this opportunity to upgrade is no problem. In the second round, the national football selection team drew with Japan. The game data still shows that there is a big strength gap between the two sides, but with courage and perseverance, the young players can gain confidence and bring some comfort to the depressed football in China.
When facing the pressure and challenges, face the difficulties and use your own efforts to resist the difficulties. Even if you fail to win the game, you will gain confidence. This may be a more realistic idea, and it is also the most needed for today’s China football.
At present, the official has been involved in the investigation of this controversial competition, but the final result has not yet been released. As for whether it is the "fake ball" mentioned by everyone, we still don’t argue.
A few days ago, the first China Youth Football League started. Wang Dengfeng, deputy director of the China Youth Football League Office and director of the Department of Sports, Health and Arts of the Ministry of Education, said, "Whether more and more children can play football is a key issue facing China football at this stage."
As the future of football in China, youth football plays an important role. Please keep it simple and away from the distractions. Only in this way can we help the development of football in China.
Xiao Yang, a journalist with extreme eyes.
Intern Li Wenhui
Correspondent Liu Junming
The cold wind outside the window is chilly and the interior is warm. On December 19th, Jimu journalist learned from Wuhan Instrument and Electronics School that the theme activity of "One School, One Street Reading Sharing" National Lifelong Learning Week recently kicked off in the lecture hall on the first floor of the school. This activity was sponsored by Wuhan Vocational Education and Adult Education Association and the Vocational Education Committee of Wuhan Vocational Education Association, undertaken by Wuhan Instrument and Electronic School and co-organized by Foziling Community, Foziling Street, Donghu High-tech Zone.
site of activity
"Lifelong learning is not only a way of learning, but also an attitude towards life and a spiritual force to pursue Excellence. Lifelong learning activities aim to stimulate our enthusiasm for learning, cultivate good study habits and improve our autonomous learning ability. No matter lectures, academics, seminars and exchanges, we can broaden our horizons, broaden our knowledge and provide more life choices. Only a full and rich mind can make us invincible in this highly competitive society and contribute to the promotion of Chinese modernization. " Han Weihong, Party Secretary of Wuhan Instrument and Electronics School, said in his speech.
Han Weihong, Party Secretary of Wuhan Instrument and Electronics School, made a speech.
Next, Peng Fei, Wang Qizhe, Liu Xianzhe and other teachers and students of the school brought a sitcom called "Live Your Youth, Dream for the Future". When the teacher asked the students to imagine what it would be like in 2035, one of them said that he would control the drone to spread his wings and fly on the motherland. Another student said that her ideal is to become an engineer, and that she should work hard to build a big country and a heavy weapon in 2035. There are also students who are somewhat depressed after entering secondary vocational schools, and don’t know what they will look like in 2035. However, with the encouragement of teachers and classmates, he learned that skilled talents have broad development prospects, and as long as they are persistent, dedicated, and persistent, they can achieve a wonderful life.
Wang Yawen, a Chinese teacher, shared the book Ordinary World with everyone. She also talked about Hu Sheng, a good man from China who recently entered Wuhan Instrument and Electronics School. Hu Sheng is an outstanding cultural volunteer. He often gives lectures in the provincial museum, and is known as the "fifth treasure of the town museum" of Hubei Provincial Museum.
site of activity
site of activity
Director Luo Wencai of the Academic Affairs Office introduced the school book resources and shared resources. It is reported that Wuhan Instrument and Electronic School has signed a book sharing agreement with the community, and the school library will provide a certain number of library cards to the community according to the needs of the community, and at the same time provide a list of recommended books; Residents can go to the community service center to check the book list and get a library card; Residents borrow books from the library by virtue of their library cards and personal identification documents according to the library’s prescribed borrowing procedures.
site of activity
The content of the lifelong learning activity of "reading and sharing in one school and one street" is both rich and practical. At the activity site, the students showed the unique charm of Chinese culture with wonderful Hanfu etiquette performances. Zhang Jingxi, director of the Education Research and Supervision Office, gave a lecture on wisdom to help the elderly. She patiently explained to the old people in the community some functions of smart phones that benefit the people, such as mobile phone recharge, medical insurance service, water and electricity payment, electronic ticket purchase, weather check, leisure and entertainment, etc. Teacher Li Li brought the knowledge sharing of beauty and health care. She vividly explained the operation method of head scraping, which made everyone pay more attention to their health. In the question-and-answer session with prizes, residents actively participated. One resident named 18 national moral models in Wuhan and won applause from the audience.
site of activity
site of activity
site of activity
site of activity
President Chen Haochuan of Wuhan Vocational Education and Adult Education Association made a summary. He hoped that the co-construction and sharing of vocational colleges and communities would continue, and called on schools to open their doors to community residents and turn vocational education into a series of activities to support communities.
"Learning is a kind of pursuit, so that life will continue to bloom in growth." The relevant person in charge of the Vocational Education Department of Wuhan Education Bureau said that there are two unexpected things in this trip: first, vocational schools and community residents are so harmonious, and second, the energy of knowledge is so great that it is necessary to build a learning society and a learning country where all people can learn for life, and everyone can learn everywhere and all the time.
(Image courtesy of correspondent)
(Source: Jimu News)
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Source: People’s Daily Online-Viewpoint Channel Original Draft
On November 17th, in the second round of the 2022 Chinese Football Association Cup, the Chinese champion team Jingchuan Wenhui eliminated the Chinese Super League team Beijing Guoan 7:5 in a penalty shootout and advanced to the top 16. This game surprised many people. Losing to a semi-professional team as a traditional strong team in the Super League may be caused by various reasons, but it also made many people know more about the current situation of football in China and look forward to the development of grass-roots football.
The FA Cup is an independent knockout cup outside the football league in China, and it is also the only opportunity for low-level teams and high-level teams to compete together. Jingchuan Wenhui eliminated Beijing Guoan from penalty. Although there were accidental factors, from the process of 2:2 draw in regular time, the strength of the two teams was close, and Jingchuan Wenhui team even got the upper hand slightly. Two goals were remarkable. The players on the field were thunderous, calm and confident, and had a degree of attack and defense. In a game in which the strength is very different and there is no suspense, the audience felt the long-lost charm of competitive football.
Aside from the mobilization, cohesion and team fighting capacity before the game, we can find details that are easily covered up by victory from the voice of the head of Jingchuan Wenhui after the game. Jingchuan Wenhui said that the main reason for winning the game was that the opponent was negligent and could not use foreign aid. He attributed the opponent’s defeat to accidental factors and external uncontrollable rules. Compared with the simple ceremony of "accepting and accepting", he was polite, modest and humble, which was quite the bearing and pattern of Chinese traditional culture. Brutalizing its physique, civilizing its spirit, an unexpected game, let us see the momentum and indomitable feelings of grassroots football.
Football is round. The competitive characteristics and rules of the game make football not only have the integrity, antagonism and appreciation shared by collective ball games, but also have the variability of technical and tactical coordination and the contingency of game results.
"The prime minister must start from the state department, and the fierce generals must be sent to the pawn." According to the results of post-match interviews and data disclosure, there are 152 players in Jingchuan Wenhui Football Club, more than 70 of whom are local doctors, policemen, teachers and other amateurs from all walks of life, and 40% of the players participating in the FA Cup are semi-professional players. Jingchuan Wenhui Club is integrated with Beihai Jichi Club, co-built and shared with Jingchuan County key amateur sports schools, and has a champion team, an U19 echelon, an U17 echelon and an amateur team, which reflects the effectiveness of Jingchuan County Football Association reform. The development of grass-roots football in Jingchuan presents a good trend, which is not only the component of football professionalization reform, but also supported by the three-level training network of competitive sports national system, and the association, sports school and club cooperate and form a joint force. The deepening reform and practice of county-level individual associations, the development of county-level football clubs and the modernization process of amateur sports schools are all key and difficult points in the construction of a strong sports country and the development of grass-roots sports organizations. For the government and an effective market, it may be the internal logic of the wonderful performance of this grassroots counterattack.
If the road is long, the line will come, but it is difficult and more brave. We expect the society to pay more attention and support to grass-roots football, and we expect that the sports lifestyle with football as the carrier can meet the needs of more people for a better life!