What changes have been made in insisting on running?

First of all, declare:I am not a fat man, and I don’t want to consult about my body.
Would you like to ask if running will help your work and life? In what ways? How much do you need? How long will it take to find the change?

It is best to have personal experience!

Since April of 13, I have been running, not for weight loss or fitness. The starting point is just to do something that makes me feel great and I will be proud when I think about it when I am old.

I have been insisting for two years now, and I can’t say any concrete benefits, but I think running has changed my life:

1. I clearly remember the first time I went to the playground and ran for two laps and 800 meters, and I was tired into a dog;

2. At that time, I ran on the playground every morning. For a long time, I could only run three laps at most, and I couldn’t even finish listening to a song.

3. At that time, I couldn’t imagine what it was like to run for 20 minutes at a time.

4. When a person runs, he is really bored. He keeps stepping and swinging his arms.

5. Run through the morning, run through the night, run through the wind and run through the rain; I feel sweaty under the high temperature of 35 degrees in summer, and I feel that the cold air in winter penetrates the chest through my nostrils;

6. Sometimes I want to cry and ask myself what everything is for!

When I look back, I find that everything is worth it, and every pain gets at least 10 points:

1. Appreciation from others; Every time I run, I will send a circle of friends. Now everyone’s first reaction when they see me is that I am a very persevering person and can keep running.

2. See the pride of your progress; At first, when I thought running 5 kilometers in one breath was the limit, I ran 10 kilometers in March last year; Then I thought that was my limit; This Sunday, I will go to Wuxi to run my first marathon, 42 kilometers;

3. Unbelievable self-confidence; Even running is so difficult and so boring, I insist on it. What can’t I do?

4. Healthy body; The benefits of running are all-round, and I can often feel the vitality of rolling in my body;

5. Curiosity about physical limits; Running has made me break through what I thought I couldn’t do again and again, and made me realize more deeply: most people don’t work hard enough to fight for talent at all;

6. All-round promotion; Both work and life have advanced to a higher level, everything is done in an orderly way, and there is a feeling that everything is under control;

7. Humble mentality; On the playground, on the road and by the West Lake, I will meet many people who are older than me, run faster and farther than me. When running laps, I even met an aunt who set me up twice in 10 kilometers. Whenever I feel great, I will think about them and see my smallness.

Finally, looking back at my original goal, I found that I only wanted to run 5 kilometers, and I ran a marathon unconsciously.

Supplementary answer:

1. Insisting on running has changed my fate that I can only praise others in Zhihu … Finally, there is a question I can answer.

2. Many people ask whether running will hurt them. To borrow that sentence, most people’s exercise intensity is too low to pay attention to injuries. I think it’s not too late to wait until the cumulative running amount of one month is 40 kilometers before considering the injury problem;

3. In the comments, I saw a lot of small partners who run Sima. Come on!

4. Welcome to forward and reprint, please indicate the source;

5. Add another question about running long muscles and good-looking legs: Now my sister never cares if her legs are sexy, but not as sexy as mine …

6. In the last finish medal of Sima, I could only limp after running for 42 kilometers, but I felt a sense of accomplishment.

Say the most intuitive change: last semester, I measured 1KM and ran the second place in the hospital. And no one knows that I was always the last one to cry when I was in junior high school.goFinish 1KM of weak chicken.

It has been two and a half years since the first 10KM of my freshman year, which has brought too many physiological and psychological changes.

1. The first 10KM:

There are many motives for me to choose to start running: losing weight, improving my skin, suddenly being disgusted by the fat meat on my stomach one day, and being obsessed with muscles. Once you have these motives, it seems that it is no longer difficult to take a step. What is difficult is how big a step you can take and how long you can persist.

I had accumulated many 5kms before I ran the first 10KM. Every time I want to go to fun run, I will cheer myself up: I have to run out of 10KM if I have to fight to the death, but I owe too much debt for more than ten years. Every time I finish a 5KM run in 1H, my feet will be like lead, and there are two upward and downward forces tearing at my heart, just as half of the sea water grows into flames, one wants you to go forward regardless of life and the other wants you to stop at once. I remember every 10KM; that gave up halfway silently; I remember the tears and tears that fell from every 10KM halfway-that was real despair, just like Andy Duffy’s experience of breaking the water pipe in The Shawshank Redemption, and he saw not the light, but the despair of a darker sewer; I remember the second day after every 10km of halfway, my feet were too painful to walk.

On the day when the first 10KM really came, there was no sign. I clearly remember that when the Dark Dream record in the earphone was looped to Do It for the second time, I stopped and looked at the distance on the splash: 10.15. The excitement and pleasure brought by this number even make me feel that I have lived in vain for more than ten years, which is the real life.

The stars were bright that night, and I understood for the first time:To get something you never had, you must work hard to do something you never did.

2. Accumulate running amount

After getting into the habit of not running 10KM every time, I began to pay attention to the correct running posture and running equipment and began to enter the gym. There are many answers about these aspects in Zhihu, so I will skip them here. I want to talk about how I found the pleasure of running.

I made a 900 plan for myself at the beginning of 13 years. The terrible thing is that there is only a purpose in this plan, but there is no other substantial reward (no reward is actually because of poverty = =). I don’t know what kind of influence this plan can bring to my running career, but fortunately, I was still a strong executive at that time. As soon as I thought of this plan, I began to implement it, and I wouldn’t give myself too much time to think about other trivial things at all.

It took me three and a half months to complete the first 900 plan, and I didn’t stop except for the occasional emotional attack like my aunt, rain, snow, hail, wind, sand and smog. After completing the first 900 plan, I said two words to myself: Bull * Force.

This is the first time that I admire myself from the bottom of my heart. Before that, I was an extremely inferior person.

This is what keeping running brings me:Learn to identify yourself.

Although I haven’t fully identified myself yet, I understand that this is something I can’t give up all my life.

Up to now, I have completed six 900 plans.

This plan will continue. Until I can’t run anymore. Until the sky is boundless and the sea has no horns.

This is the pleasure that running brings me. This pleasure is directly converted into a ticket to a better life.

I often think that when I am old, sitting in the sunset and listening to Dou Wei, I will recall the great 900 plan of that year, and then silently praise myself for being awesome.

3. Income obtained

I have been running for two and a half years and met many interesting strangers.

A girl panting heavily.

A boy with only one arm.

The boy standing in the middle of the playground singing My Sun.

Couples cheering each other up.

Long-legged sister who laughs like a flower.

Looks like Joseph Chang’s junior.

I drink red bull every time I finish running.

Senior sister in a long skirt.

A senior in leather shoes.

Every boy who can box on Fridays.

And gay people kissing behind fences.

These lovely people came into my eyes when I was running, and then left.

This is the change that running has brought me:Feel the most ordinary beauty in life.

I have been talking to people for two and a half years. It also made a relationship.

Although it is a thing of the past, I have seen the loveliest side of this world: it will bring you hope from time to time, even if it is only a little bit.

This is the change that running has brought me:From an inferiority complex sensitive person to falling in love with the world.Although anti-social can’t escape in his bones.

I have been running for two and a half years, and my figure has changed a lot.

From a sickly fat man to a thin man who lost his fat, and now he is still satisfied with his body, the changes brought by carving the body and the pleasure brought by this change made me unexpected.

It never occurred to me that there are such things in the world that can make people feel emotional climax. You watched your belly disappear, you watched your once disgusting fat disappear, and you watched yourself have abdominal muscles that felt like a washboard. This is a pleasure, isn’t it?

Now, although I will be unwilling to run, exercise and eat and drink because of the influence of emotions, I have already felt the great happiness brought by running for a long time.

This kind of happiness reaches its climax when the world is so quiet that you can only hear your own breathing after running for 10KM.

I hope that this kind of happiness will accompany me all my life. This climax will never be low.

Remember, to get this kind of happiness, it is important.[Persistence].

As Lao Luo said, "there is only one kind of failure, and that is to give up halfway."

As Haruki Murakami said, "I don’t want to run today, so I just run. This is the way of thinking of long runners."

Start running, start running and keep running, and you will know what will change for yourself.

There is no explosion.

There is only one true story.

In college, I was extremely decadent. Seven days a week, I spend more than half my time playing online games on bread nights.

The rest of the time, either catch up on sleep in the dormitory, or post it or watch people vomit.

I’m a mess in my professional courses, and I’m weak.

What is more frightening is that I have completely lost my confidence in the future.

At that time, I even thought that I was grateful enough to find a job after graduating from college, no matter how low the salary was, where I worked and what I did.

About the next semester of my junior year, one day I suddenly decided to change this life, and more importantly, to change my fate after college.

I resolutely frozen the game number and began to try to study in the library every day.

However, both physically and mentally, there is a feeling of recovery from a serious illness, and an indescribable sense of powerlessness will strike from time to time.

I remembered that when I was sprinting in the third grade, there was a time when I went to the playground with my classmates every night after studying at night.

So I searched for a night, quietly touched the school playground and tried to run on the runway that no one saw.

However, these years of continuous decadent life, eating instant noodles and playing games all night, upside down day and night, have already eroded my body, and I can’t hold on breathlessly after only running for more than one lap.

More importantly, after a long period of decadence, my willpower has become extremely fragile. I still remember my truest thought at that time: since I can’t run, that’s it. I can’t do it. I’m not who I was.

If I gave up at that time, it would be really difficult to get out of decadence later.

I don’t want to run today, so I just run. This is the way of thinking of long-distance runners. -Haruki Murakami

After a short rest of more than ten minutes, I forced myself to run again.

Together, it didn’t run for a kilometer, but it ran for more than ten minutes.

The next night, enduring the pain all over, I came to the edge of the playground again.

Cheer yourself up and say: Tonight, I just need to run half a lap more than yesterday. Just half a lap.

Then, when I took the first step, I knew I couldn’t do it. Yesterday, some pulled leg muscles had a tearing pain.

I took a big breath and endured the pain. After running for more than a lap, I began to be out of breath again. I felt that I might be out of breath at any time, and my ribs hurt a little bit.

Relying on the ferocity of "die or run", I finally insisted on running a kilometer and almost collapsed on the runway.

But from that day on, on the eve of college graduation, I limped and started running every night.

Run a little farther every day than the day before.

Magical things happened. About a week later, my legs were not so painful when I was running, and I was not so uncomfortable when I was breathing.

After half a month, I can run five laps in one breath on the playground, each lap is 400 meters.

Running gives me very timely positive feedback, which makes me clearly know that I can always make progress every day compared with the previous day. Either I run half a lap more, or I am a little faster, or this "one more day" will make me feel that I can always be more "amazing" than the past as long as I work hard.

Running has become a way for me to get rid of decadence, and it has also become a witness of my "unbreakable".

Haruki Murakami is also a long-distance runner. He once said in a book about running:

In this way, for a quarter of a century, I kept running every day, and all kinds of thoughts surged from my heart. -"What am I talking about when I run"

When you really start running, you will find that running is actually the most relaxing time for a person’s mind.

As long as you keep your legs moving forward at a constant speed and wave your hands back and forth rhythmically, your brain can daydream freely.

After work, after I put on my headphones and run every day, I sometimes think about what I have done this day and what I have neglected.

有时候会想一想这个月发了多少工资,花了多少在哪儿,到月底能存多少?

有时候也会回忆起大学时和室友们整夜开黑的日子,不知道他们现在都在干什么,都像我一样为了在这个城市里立足而拼命努力吧?

更多的时候会想,爸妈身体怎么样了,我什么时候才能把他们接到北京来,他们来北京后,我要带他们去哪里玩,天安门和故宫肯定是要去看看的,爸爸是老党员,那么热爱毛主席,毛主席纪念堂是肯定要去看的,他们能适应北京么……

夏天的时候,陪领导出差,吃过晚饭,我就一个人沿着蜿蜿蜒蜒的海边跑上好几公里,海风舒爽地迎面吹在脸上,带来远洋的气息,海岸边有点点亮光,还有数不清的男女老幼在沙滩嬉戏打闹,说说笑笑,我从他们身边轻快地跑过,一刻也不停留,但已将这充满生活气息的场景和声音印入脑海。

还有些时候,跑步的时反而什么都不用去想。

跑步就是纯粹为了放空自己,你只要专注于脚下,专心地看着前方的路,其他的什么都不用去顾及。

几年前,父亲病重,我医院单位两边跑,无暇顾及工作,给了下属可乘之机,当我得知他趁我不在单位背后捅刀子的时候,那种愤怒、失望、难过,从头凉到脚的感觉至今难忘,再加上家里的事情,真的是每天都身心俱疲。

During that time, every day when I went to work, I wanted to lift the table when I met the leader’s criticism of the slow progress of my work. When I saw my subordinate’s "innocent face" to report his work, I wanted to punch him in the face.

During that time, if I hadn’t kept running, I probably wouldn’t have made it, both psychologically and physically.

In order to calm down the depressed and impetuous mood when I get home at night, I force myself to run for a long time every day

When the weather is good, run outside the residential area, and when the weather is bad, go to the gym.

I vent all my anger and sadness on running. I run as far as I can, until I am exhausted and weak. Then I take a shower and sleep. I don’t think about any other problems. I just stick to the present, do things one by one and deal with problems one by one.

As a result, by the end of the year, I not only completed all the assigned tasks, but also won all the honors that the company could give me at the annual meeting.

The only regret is probably that I tried harder and didn’t keep my father.

Somerset Mao Mu once wrote, "Any razor has its own philosophy."

That is to say, no matter how trivial the action is, as long as it is persisted day by day, something similar to the concept will always emerge from it.

The same is true for running. When you stick to it day by day, week by week, month by month and year by year, you will find that it brings you more than just a healthy body, a positive mood and a good attitude.

It is also the most rare time to be alone.

All the traffic, all the lights, all the crowds and all the noise you pass by are just pieces of light in your running steps.

Between heaven and earth, only you and yourself are talking, and only your never-ending steps are eternal.

Running is running, not for other reasons.

Thank you for reading, and encourage all those who are willing to change and are changing.

Wow, I haven’t been to Zhihu for a long time, and suddenly I found that so many people are commenting on me. Thank you. Update the recent status. During the epidemic, I was at home, and I didn’t run systematically, maintaining a running volume of about 150 per month.

Do some simple strength exercises every day, stretch, and have a light diet. I also want to eat spicy food, but I feel uncomfortable after eating my stomach. I am probably used to it.

Now that it’s been a long time, I think everything should be based on happiness. Whether it’s sports or life. I hope that my friends can stick to it! I’m really sorry that I can’t reply in time. If there is a private message, comment on it and I’ll try my best to answer it ~ (PS, I’ll update the photo, the abdominal muscles are still there, hahaha)

About long-distance running-I want to say

I, a contemporary college student, hated running like all my classmates when I was a freshman. Don’t say that running three kilometers or five kilometers, running 800 meters will kill me. Of course, just like all stories have a turning point. The beginning of the story is to lose weight, and the motivation is simple.

There is no doubt that I dedicated the first long-distance running in my life to my university. When I was a freshman, I felt that I should make some changes. I couldn’t hesitate and eat and drink every day. Therefore, I decided to change myself. I set myself a goal, and I must insist on running 3 kilometers for the first time. In this way, I ran around the playground for eight times. At that time, I felt I could do better. Therefore, it was from that time that I started the sport of "long-distance running". From the first 8 laps to the next 10 laps, 15 laps, 20 laps … it has been slowly increasing, and now I can run 20 kilometers, and I am confident that I can run further and longer. In this way, I ran for three years. Many students around me will admire me: "How do you keep exercising, exercising and running regularly?" In fact, I just regard them as a part of my life and my living habits. To be honest, I don’t think running has anything to do with the lofty word willpower. For me, I insist on running at first because I don’t want to exercise in the depressing environment of the gym, I don’t need special equipment and special places, I don’t need the company of my friends, I just need to change my running equipment and choose a good day to start running.

I am not those fanatical marathon enthusiasts, not to constantly challenge the limits like athletes, to fight for speed and distance. I just regard running as a sport that can give me fun. Therefore, running, which I hate and dislike most, has become my favorite and long-term persistent sport.

The motive force of running-losing weight.

I, when I was a freshman, weighed 125 kg, and now I weigh 90 kg. If you ask me, where did this 35 Jin go? I can tell you very clearly and directly that it evaporated in sweat. Lose weight first, and running as an aerobic exercise is the best choice to lose fat. Of course, we should also cooperate with proper anaerobic exercise to enhance muscle strength. I can also run longer distances for myself and lay a solid foundation. However, running should not be blind. Because your body will send you a signal. Everything is too much, according to your physical condition. It is very important for beginners to make a plan for themselves. Many students around me insisted on it several times because of various things and reasons, such as lack of time, such as knee pain and so on. But as long as you make a total arrangement and look up some dry goods and knowledge of running on the Internet, it is a good thing to make a scientific and reasonable "running plan" for yourself. Fortunately, I persisted, and with a reasonable diet and proper anaerobic exercise, my efforts were rewarded-my weight really came down.

In the eyes of other students, it is silly and boring to run around the playground in circles every day. But this is not the case. If losing weight is the initial motivation for me to start running. Then as time goes by, you will find that running has become an indispensable part of your life, and it has nothing to do with losing weight.

What did running give me?

Although running is a "lonely" sport, running gives me an opportunity to think alone. Of course, I am a relatively independent girl. Running will hardly "team up" with others. Whenever I encounter something very unsatisfactory in my life, I will choose to go to the playground, to the park and to run in the street.

Although I am traveling through the crowd, my mind and body belong to me more than ever. Once I run, my relationship with the outside world becomes subtle, both closed and open. I don’t need to talk to anyone, and no one will come to talk to me. At the same time, I am staring at the changes in the surrounding scenery, and I can feel the wind and grass around me without paying attention. In addition, when I run, I will stroke all my unhappiness, and then I will think of solutions one by one and how to deal with them next. When the running is over, all my unhappiness will fly away with sweat. Of course, when you run, you will empty yourself and give yourself a mental relaxation in your busy life.

Of course, because of running, I met a group of lovely runners. I am the youngest in this group of running friends, but this is not a problem. Sometimes we will meet to run together, travel together, have dinner together and organize some activities. Of course, as the youngest "trotting scum" in the group, my uncles and aunts in the group also take special care of me. Moreover, from them, they not only gain some running experience and knowledge, but also understand the significance of "horse racing". In them, what I see is the persistence and fanaticism of this sport. Of course, they will also teach me some experience in dealing with people, as well as the attitude towards sports and life. In my eyes, it is running that brings us together, regardless of age, occupation or status. Therefore, I am very lucky and happy. I have gained a group of such lovely friends during my four years in college.

Any positive thing, if it can be done for a long time, will definitely have a positive impact on life. The same is true of running, which gives an extremely precious thing-self-discipline. It is almost no exaggeration to say that I exercise every day in college life unless there are special circumstances. In the morning, I am the first one to get up in the corridor. In order to finish all the planned exercises before class, I will get up on time at 5:00 every day. The same is true on weekends. Everyone is lazy, and I am no exception. Of course, I also have a good solution. In order to get up early, I put my mobile phone on the desk under the bed. Every morning when the bell rings, I have to climb out of bed and turn it off. Otherwise, I don’t want to be scolded by my roommates. In this way, I get up reluctantly every day, but once I start exercising, I feel that getting up early is a very good thing. Every day, I will do morning exercises with my grandparents on the playground, and rush in to buy a hot boiled egg as soon as the canteen opens. This regular life feels great. From daily exercise and running, punch in on time. Early to bed and early to rise. Stick to eating vegetables and fruits. Don’t eat high-calorie and high-sugar food, don’t eat after dinner (I admit, it really makes life less fun, but anyway, everything has to pay a certain price). Later, you will find that this "self-discipline" will gradually penetrate into all aspects of your life. I will insist on reading a book every week and taking notes when my lessons are not heavy, and I will insist on learning French, memorizing words and practicing listening every day.

For me, running is far beyond the level of physical exercise, and it brings me spiritual victories one after another. As Haruki Murakami said: "I am not a great runner, but at an extremely ordinary level, but this question is not important at all." I have surpassed myself yesterday, even a little bit, which is more important. "

A little advice for beginners of the same age

Some time ago, I just finished my last physical examination in college. Running 800 is no longer a problem for me. However, for most students who don’t exercise regularly … this is … very … difficult …

Therefore, I launched a small survey in the circle of friends. What are you thinking when you don’t exercise often, when you run 800 or long-distance running? Everyone’s answer can be described as … "Voice" …

In fact, if you exercise more at ordinary times, probably everything will become less difficult. You don’t need to run much, step by step, two or three times a week, just as you relax after school; You must run scientifically and correctly. It is very important to find the right method. If you run blindly, you will suffer. Listen to some favorite music and move with the rhythm and rhythm when running; Insist on recording your own sports data and sports status, and form a habit. So, give yourself a reason to move. Any act of doing something with the help of external incentives will not last long. Only if you are willing to take the initiative will you stick to it.

Running has changed me in terms of body shape, face value, temperament and attitude towards life. It really changed me as a person and really benefited me a lot.

Let’s take a wave of my comparison photos first:

The following is me before I entered the university. At the heaviest, I weighed nearly 120 kilograms, which was almost inhuman.

In February 2015, during the winter vacation of senior three, my weight peaked at 118kg.
In August 2015, the swimming ring on the belly was clearly visible.
In September 2015, when I first came to college.

Here is me in my senior year:

March 2019
May 2018 stadium photo

4.5 update

Recently, I want to make some new friends. The epidemic has been confined at home for half a month. It’s so boring.

If you want to know me, you can add my WeChat 15951611775 to chat with me. Welcome to visit me.

Shanghai friends give priority to beauty and want to see beauty (laughing to death)

Next, I went from fat to thin, and insisted on running, and the changes that running brought me:

I still remember that when I was in high school, I was under great academic pressure. Only by letting myself eat a lot of things can I learn more happily. At that time, I didn’t have any idea about my figure at all. I was a fat man who lived in Buddhism and was happy. I had to add two or three meals to fast food at night, and my aunt in the canteen poured halogen seeds into the rice so that I could eat it well (now I think back that all I ate was oil, and one bite of oil was equal to the heat of two meals); What is your favorite snack at ordinary times?WallaceThe fried fast food restaurant like KFC is full of memories of high school, and now it is still drooling when passing by.Spicy potato chips instant noodle beverageThese cheap and high-calorie snacks are also eaten (tired, expensive); Go out to dinner with friends and choose all of them.buffet….. Eat like this, it’s all high-calorie food, I’m really not fat!

In this way, I weighed 118 kilograms in the summer vacation of senior three, which was the peak of my weight at that time …

Until my sophomore year, my lifestyle didn’t change much, and my weight remained stable at around 110kg. In May of 16, I was still like this, and one person occupied nearly half of the positions taken by four people:

This width contrast is clearly visible.

I vaguely remember some small details of me before I made up my mind to lose weight: my waist circumference was more than one foot, and I began to breathe heavily after several sit-ups, and I couldn’t do a standard push-up; I can’t see my toes in the shower, so I can only sit in a chair and straighten my feet. It’s really embarrassing.

That was in November of 2016. I was once in the dormitory. Because I was too fat, I almost pulled my lumbar spine by doing a simple bending motion. At that time, I was scared when I thought about it, and I couldn’t describe it. I only remembered that I couldn’t stand up when I was lying on the ground in the dormitory. I only had one thought in my heart: "If I don’t do something, I don’t think I can even live in college." When I was carried to bed by several roommates, I really made up my mind to lose weight.

So I chose the simplest, the most cliche, and the most testing way to lose weight-running.

One night in November, I embarked on a journey to the school playground, and this walk has come to the present.

I remember those first nights, which were unbearable. The hardest thing to form a good habit was the first time. Nanjing’s late autumn is not warmer than any other place. At 9 o’clock in the evening, the Pujiang playground, the demon wind in late autumn and winter, blows on my face and slaps me. At first, I pulled many friends to run with me (of course, most of them were not as fat as me, but now many of them are much fatter than me), but most of them were frozen after running for a few days and refused to come out again. It’s no wonder that the near-zero weather, coupled with the demon wind on Nanjing Mountain, can’t make the average person hold on.

But my head is iron, and if I don’t run, I feel that I can’t be happy anymore. I really dare not be empty! Because I played basketball when I was a child and had a good sports foundation, I insisted on running eight laps for the first time, but the speed was very slow, and I was sweating and panting after running; Later, one lap was added every two days, and then one lap was added every day. After more than a month, fun run, which is five or six kilometers a night, has become a common occurrence. Warm-up and stretching must be done properly. I did this well, so I didn’t get any injuries at that time.

Really, any small progress, multiplied by a period of persistence, will have great gains.The first change of running for me is to hone my will, so that I can change from a Buddhist life to persistence and perseverance, and finally I can persist in doing something meaningful to myself. And running, like other good things, really benefited me a lot.

After running for more than a month, my diet has also been controlled. My weight has dropped rapidly and my figure has become better.

This second change, of course, is the change of my own body shape and physical quality. I have become thinner and stronger, and my body has become better and better.

After running for a long time, I found that I was most afraid of running in physical education class, and what I like best now is the running lap at the beginning of physical education class’s class, because I was originally behind the team, and now I can rush to the front; I found that I can run within three and a half minutes at 1000 meters and within seven seconds at 50 meters during physical examination, which I never dared to think about before.

I remember that in April of 17, after nearly half a year’s exercise, my weight had been reduced to about 85 kilograms. At that time, our school sports meeting was short of people, so I tried to represent the college and participate in the 5000-meter run of the school sports meeting, hoping to take this opportunity to challenge myself.

So I bravely stood on the 5000-meter running track and finished the whole course in the afternoon sun. It was an unforgettable memory!

The 5,000-meter run in the afternoon is not quite the same as that in fun run. After all, the sun is shining, which makes my throat smoke as I run.
After running, I lay in my brother’s arms, very tired, but very satisfied. At that time, I felt really awesome.

Later, I participated in the campus marathon in my school. I participated in the 7-kilometer mini marathon in my junior year and the 14-kilometer mini marathon in my senior year, and finally I successfully completed the challenge.

In my junior year, I participated in the 7-kilometer group, with a total of 1500 participants. At that time, I also won the 95th place, which was a good result!

Welcome to Nanjing University of Technology and experience a school that can run marathons.

On the occasion of last year’s senior year’s postgraduate entrance examination, when I had 50 days left to prepare for the postgraduate entrance examination, I chose to go despite the hard work of reviewing for the postgraduate entrance examination.Participated in the last year’s 14-kilometer marathon, fulfilling a dream in my university!I always wanted to take part in a 14-kilometer marathon, but it finally came true in the last year.

On Saturday afternoon, I took part in the marathon. I didn’t have much rest at night, so I went back to the postgraduate entrance examination classroom to review. This is a photo I took in the classroom at night.
I was particularly ugly when I took the postgraduate entrance examination, and my hair was particularly long, so I didn’t have time to take care of myself. …

On my favorite basketball court, I also found that I could only play inside, and I couldn’t run down at all. Because I insisted on running and exercising, my physical fitness was greatly improved. When I played the whole game, I could also play fast break like a defender, and I wouldn’t be tired after playing the whole high-intensity game.

Because of running, my health has improved, and I have played basketball much better. In every field of sports, I have become more powerful!

Stadium photo
Champion of the school all-star three-point contest

?Next, the third change brought by running is to let me see a brand-new world, let me really have a brand-new and positive attitude towards life, and I learned to love life and embrace it.

Running let me out of the dormitory, to the playground, to the bigger world. Inside and outside the dormitory are really two completely different worlds, and the world outside the dormitory is real and more worthy of our experience.

I remember the night when I first walked out of the dormitory and walked to the playground. Once upon a time, I just fought and killed in the virtual world of Summoner’s Canyon every night, but when I came to the playground, I saw something I had never seen before.

It was a scene full of vitality. There were countless people who were running hard. They were all working hard for themselves. Their bodies were full of vitality. That night, I was completely attracted by that vitality. I think that’s what people should live. I joined them without hesitation and became one of them.

Therefore, because of running, my life is no longer like before, playing games and watching variety shows in the dormitory, and I am no longer confined to the small world of the dormitory; I began to learn to really face life, to embrace life and enjoy the bigger world.

?I’ve made some friends who are completely different from before. In the process of running, I met many people who have a positive attitude towards life, and they are completely different from the people I used to get along with. By constantly learning their attitude towards life and being positively influenced by them, I have the determination to persist in making myself better.

There is a saying that you are who you get along with, and the influence of the environment on a person is enormous. Once upon a time, in the dormitory, my vision could only be those classmates who played games and watched live broadcasts; Walking out of the dormitory to the playground, those friends on the playground are running for themselves. I can see them, full of vitality.

Being able to keep running must be a person who wants to become better. In the past two years when I keep running, I have met many such people. Some of them have become my role models, some are my close friends, and some have become my apprentices ….. I am very lucky to know them, support each other and make progress together, and work hard for a better self. This is what life should look like!

In my sophomore year, after I started running, I was taught oral English by a foreign teacher.

?After leaving the dormitory, I saw more beauty and fun in the world. I loved life more and had more hobbies and pursuits.I used to only play games in the dormitory. I didn’t have any special skills. After I left the dormitory, I was deeply attracted by music, fascinated by musical instruments, and made up my mind to learn trombone with the band in the university. Later, during my four years in college, I also represented the school’s band and had many performances, which expanded my achievements in the music field!

A photo of our trombone voice.
Group photo of the school band.

?I also fell in love with traveling and experiencing more new things.When I was a child, because I liked playing games, I seldom went out to travel. I played games at home every winter and summer vacation, and I wasted all the time I should have gone out to see more. …

But since I walked out of the dormitory because of running and saw more possibilities of life, I thought about going out of my own little world and enjoying the beauty of life while I was young. After losing weight in my sophomore year, I signed up for an international volunteer in Bali that summer vacation. I had never been on a plane before, and when I got on the plane for the first time, I flew abroad alone to be an international volunteer. The two-week volunteer trip was short but unforgettable. I felt the exotic customs and experienced the life I had never seen before!

Since then, I have been to many places, and I prefer to spread my footprints all over the country, hoping to see a wider world and more possibilities of life.

Because of running, I can feel the beauty of so many lives!

Because of running, the fat house I used to be has disappeared. Instead, I am the one who loves life more, is willing to broaden my horizons and is more optimistic.

?The fourth change that running brings to me can benefit me for life, that is, I really develop the good habit of self-discipline and persistence, so that I can constantly jump out of my comfort zone and work hard to meet myself better.

Running has taught me to strive for a better self, and this pursuit of a better self will never stop.

Let’s talk about sports and figure. After I lost weight by running in my sophomore year, although my figure became better, my body fat rate has not dropped very low, which is far from my real good figure. And my diet is not completely scientific, and sometimes I still can’t regulate my diet well. ……

So I spent a winter vacation in my junior year studying, studied a lot of knowledge about healthy diet and exercise, and made a detailed study on the principles of weight loss and the calories of food, making notes and turning them into my own knowledge, and applying them to my daily life.

Now I am not satisfied with running, but on the basis of running, I add many types of aerobic exercise, such as skipping rope, HIIT, swimming and so on, and the anaerobic exercise in the gym has become a place I must go; In terms of diet, I have kept the diet habit of low oil and low sugar to this day, and I am still constantly improving and researching.

It’s been two years since I lost weight, but my figure is getting better and better, and my knowledge about health is getting richer.

Some friends said, aren’t you tired of studying these things and controlling your diet? I told them that I am not tired at all, because it has become my habit and a part of my life to make myself better. I really want to thank running, because it can help me develop countless good habits, improve myself countless times and make myself better.

Notes from my weight loss knowledge notebook

The fifth point is that running has brought me the most important change. That is to let me stop being afraid of loneliness and thinking about getting along with people around me. Because I insist on running, I understand that I am different from the people around me. I can have my own life and my own way to go.

Running makes me more confident, and I am determined to be my true self and follow my own life path.

I used to be a person who was afraid of loneliness. I used to do many things to have a common topic with my roommates, such as playing mobile games and watching some variety shows, but looking back, those were not what I really liked.

In other words, I had little sense of autonomy before and had no life of my own. But by losing weight, running, good work and rest and eating habits,I found that I don’t have to live like the people around me. I can have my own way of life and do what I really like and want to do. For my own love, I won’t be lonely. Why do things you don’t like just to fit in?

Because of losing weight, I have my own life. I tell myself to listen to my heart, to be true to myself, to do what I like and to pursue my dreams. I began to face up to my own preciousness, I began to have the courage to be myself, and I chose to be that unique self.

From then on, I will never think about getting along with others, but spend more time on what I like, and I have achieved success after success in my own field.

It can be said that losing weight made me realize for the first time that I can choose my own life, and I really found my own treasure.I think this is the biggest gain of losing weight, that is, I will no longer be an ordinary person like the people around me, and I choose to be myself.

So I made a decision in the winter vacation of my junior year, that is, I chose to take a cross-disciplinary examination and study, and cross-examine the sports news of Shanghai Institute of Physical Education from the automation major of this science. Being a sports person was my childhood dream. Later, I once lost it, but last year, I bravely got it back. In order to recover my childhood dream and be myself, I embarked on the road of interdisciplinary examination and research.

From engineering to liberal arts, this road is very bitter and difficult. Most of the students who take the postgraduate entrance examination around me take this major. There are no comrades around me who take the same cross-examination road as me. I am alone, but I never want to give up. Because I know that I am fighting for myself, and I am moving in the direction of my dreams. Dreams are like a beam of light, which guides me. In countless painful and sad nights, I gritted my teeth and persisted.

After a year of hard work, I got this postgraduate entrance examination result.The first test scored 410 points and ranked third, and the second test and total score ranked first.

A year’s efforts to make yourself have 400+ postgraduate entrance examination results.

All this stems from my decision to run. It is running that brings me the true self and the courage and confidence to be brave.


This is my own personal experience of running, this is the real change that running has brought me, and this is the story of running in my college.

If it weren’t for the night when I walked out of the dormitory and went to the playground, how could I change from that 120 kg fat man to what I am now?

Without that running time, how could I explore those brand-new hobbies in my life and become myself now?

If I don’t persist day by day, how can I become different from the people around me and use the spirit of persisting in running on my other things;

If I didn’t run, my physical condition wouldn’t get better and better, and I wouldn’t make progress on the basketball court.

If I didn’t run, how could I get all the results now? I am one of the top ten outstanding young people, a role model for my classmates, the leader of the hot search list in Weibo, and the first test of postgraduate entrance examination is among the best. ……

Because of running, my life trajectory has completely changed, and I have found my own direction; Because of running, I found my true self, and I have the courage to be myself, keeping those spirits and beliefs that belong to me to this day.

Everyone can do these things, as long as you are willing to run and change yourself.

The change of your life may begin at the moment you start running.

Maybe you don’t understand the meaning of these words, so don’t stay in the dormitory, set foot on the runway once and take your first step, and you will understand everything I said.

For yourself, try a good habit and try to change yourself. You will really benefit a lot.

Attached a short paragraph, keep running, and brought me some extra small gains:

Last semester, our school selected the top ten outstanding young stars on campus. I brought my own story of running and losing weight, and impressed the judges with my self-discipline and persistence. I stood with many outstanding students and was successfully selected as a "diligent and inspirational" young star (among those students, there were national competitions and imagine cup gold medals, overseas students, college students who had attended the legal report column, and even athletes who represented China in the World Track and Field Grand Prix, and suddenly felt like thieves! )

The diligent and inspirational young stars in the school.

Later, because I insisted on running and losing weight, WeChat official account, an official who went to school once, was interviewed by a local newspaper reporter in Nanjing and boarded a hot search in Weibo.

Promoted by the school teacher as an example, he boarded the official micro-WeChat official account.

I was interviewed by a local newspaper reporter in Nanjing and boarded a hot search in Weibo, the peak of my life in June last year.

The same man who fucked Weibo.

I didn’t expect to be interviewed after running, and I can also go to Weibo for hot search. It smells good.

China Women’s Volleyball Team is a heroic group. Lang Ping once said: This senior volleyball player from Shanghai should not be forgotten!

Under the epidemic situation, after nearly 580 days of waiting, China women’s volleyball team finally ushered in its first official match. On May 1st, China women’s volleyball team will take part in the test match of Tokyo Olympic Games in Japan, against the host team Japan. This is the first time that China women’s volleyball team has participated in the official competition since September 2019.

Before going to Japan, China women’s volleyball team had a 50-day special training at Zhangzhou Sports Training Base in Fujian. In the south area of the base, next to the No.1 Hall of China Women’s Volleyball Team, which is full of the flavor of the 1980s, a tombstone stood quietly for 30 years accompanied by two junipers. The tombstone reads: A pioneer of volleyball in China is buried here.

The deceased was Jiaxiang Qian, a famous Shanghai volleyball player, who had been focusing on volleyball all his life and was called "volleyball money". He is also the third head coach in the history of women’s volleyball in China, and has served as the director of the Volleyball Department of the State Sports Commission, the secretary-general and vice-chairman of the China Volleyball Association.

In 1970s, Jiaxiang Qian was appointed by the State Sports Commission at that time to choose Zhangzhou as the volleyball training ground, and transferred his team to this "national training". Therefore, Zhangzhou base not only helped women volleyball team to stage the glory of "five consecutive championships", but also witnessed the great cause of "ten champions" in the future, and became the eternal "mother’s family" of China women volleyball team.

Golden bamboo shed

"The leaders attach importance to it, the masses love it, the products are rich and the climate is pleasant. This is the superior condition for Zhangzhou to build a volleyball base." Zhong Jiaqi, the old director of Fujian Zhangzhou Sports Training Base, remembered these 16 words clearly. He is 87 years old and still has a loud voice and clear logic. Zhong Jiaqi, a Shanghainese, came to Fujian with the South Service Group in his early years. At the age of 25, he became the first director of Zhangzhou Sports Commission, and worked as the head of the base for 17 years, working with Jiaxiang Qian for many years.

At that time, Premier Zhou Enlai proposed that "sports should be revived". Wang Meng, then director of the State Sports Commission, recalled Zhang Zhihuai, Jiaxiang Qian and other "professionals" from the cadre school.

At that time, the Japanese women’s volleyball team, known as the "Oriental Witch", dominated the women’s volleyball world. In November, 1964, Hirofumi Komatsu visited China for the first time and was received twice by Zhou Enlai, Prime Minister of the State Council, China. On April 21, 1965, at the invitation of Premier Zhou Enlai, Dasongbowen came to Shanghai for a one-month special training for China women’s volleyball team, accompanied by Jiaxiang Qian. The "Devil Training" of Dasong Bowen instilled the concept of "being strict, being difficult, starting from actual combat and training with a large amount of exercise" into China women’s volleyball girls, which was like an awakening for China women’s volleyball team that started from scratch at that time.

After that, the State Sports Commission decided to build a volleyball training base, and Jiaxiang Qian, who was the director of the volleyball department, went to the south to inspect and choose a place to build the base. At the time of the "Cultural Revolution", some local leaders paid attention to it, but it was "congenitally deficient"; In some places, the natural conditions meet, but the leaders know little about volleyball. Some officials even ask: "Is it beneficial to build a base for agriculture and industry?"

Caption: The "Bamboo Shed Pavilion" was built in 1972, from which the China women’s volleyball team worked hard and practiced their skills, and the China women’s volleyball team stepped onto the podium of the world champion.

Zhang Ran, former vice captain of China Men’s Volleyball Team, recommended his hometown-Zhangzhou, Fujian to Jiaxiang Qian. The average annual temperature here is 21 degrees Celsius, and it is not cold in winter, which is beneficial for athletes to recover their physical fitness after high-intensity training. Volleyball is also very popular in the local area. After the founding of New China, there were 800 amateur men’s and women’s volleyball teams here at the same time, which is the "hometown of volleyball". After reporting to the State Sports Commission and obtaining approval, Jiaxiang Qian decided to make a field trip.

The news that "the volleyball team should choose a base" was sent back to Fujian. Yu Kezhao, then commander of Longxi Military Division, member of the Standing Committee of Zhangzhou District Committee and director of the Sports Commission, was in command. The local finance allocated 30,000 yuan and decided to "make a look" before the inspectors of the State Sports Commission arrived. According to the introduction of people who have participated in the construction of bamboo shed, Yu Kezhao asked his people to mobilize thousands of militiamen, cut down tens of thousands of bamboo to build bamboo shed in Nanjing mountain area of Zhangzhou, and finally built a shed covering six volleyball courts with local bamboo.

After arriving in Zhangzhou, Jiaxiang Qian was tempted after visiting the bamboo shed. During reporting the plan to build a volleyball base in Zhangzhou, he transferred 12 young men’s and women’s volleyball teams to Zhangzhou in the name of the Volleyball Department of the State Sports Commission to start experimental training. Zhong Jiaqi remembers that in December 1972, 12 national volleyball teams gathered in Zhangzhou, and the first national youth volleyball winter training was held in the "bamboo shed" with simple conditions. The purpose of this training is to revitalize China volleyball and focus on training excellent sports teams. At that time, all kinds of statistical tables and notices were posted at the entrance of the station, and the average time of intensive practice for each team exceeded 7 hours every day.

Caption: Jiaxiang Qian and Zhang Ran were both members of the first national volleyball training team in winter. (Source: China Women’s Volleyball Tengfei Memorial Hall)

Once it is found that some teams have good training effects, Jiaxiang Qian will convene a meeting of coaches of all teams in the evening to impart good experiences to all teams in time. "This is our advantage at that time, the national chess game, you chase me, you learn from me, there is no secret between each other. I taught him my good method, and I learned his good method, and everyone made progress together. " Speaking of the enthusiasm of training in those days, Zhong Jiaqi’s eyes were bright and his tone rose several times. "Old money is an expert. He is grasping real things, not shouting empty slogans. It is useless to shout slogans, and training can solve problems. "

Jiaxiang Qian is an expert in technology and well-known in management. On Women’s Day in 1973, the team leader of Heilongjiang Women’s Volleyball Team gave the girls a half-day holiday, but I didn’t expect Jiaxiang Qian to "inspect the post". Under his rebuke, the team leader panicked: "We will make up for this half-day in the evening." That night, the girls returned to the stadium, tumbling and fighting, and practiced until 2 o’clock the next morning, when Jiaxiang Qian came into the gym-he came to check the make-up lessons. The Heilongjiang Women’s Volleyball Team, which took more than half a day off, stayed up all night and practiced until the East was white, which deeply touched the athletes of other teams and put them into intense training.

Caption: Zhong Jiaqi (first from the right) is the old director of the base, and Jiaxiang Qian is a good partner. "Training lasts for three months every year, and we discuss our work together every day."

Zhong Jiaqi remembers very clearly that in the first year of Zhangzhou training, the Bayi team and the Shanghai team with excellent conditions did not participate. After the training, the Liaoning team went home and passed by Beijing for a game, and the Bayi team was completely defeated; Similarly, the Shanghai team also lost to the passing Jiangsu team and Zhejiang team. In the second year of national training, Bayi team and Shanghai team volunteered to participate.

The first national training camp was successful, and the training atmosphere of hard struggle formed during it was called "bamboo shed spirit" by the sports community.

Open the door and train.

After the completion of Zhangzhou base, the national volleyball team "opened the door to train" here. As soon as the weekend arrives, the small gymnasium in the south area of the base is full of people, which is as lively as Chinese New Year. The audience who came to watch the volleyball match helped the old and took care of the young, sitting on the floor, including the PLA, workers and farmers. A wonderful spike, an effective block, can attract applause from the scene, and it is enjoyable.

Caption: The women’s volleyball team trained in that year entered various counties and cities in Zhangzhou to experience the feeling of actual combat.

In the 1970s, it was undoubtedly a blessing for ordinary people to watch high-level volleyball matches on the spot without TV sets. In addition to Zhangzhou City, Jiaxiang Qian also led a team to Zhangpu County and Longhai County to play games. Once I went to Fotan town, there was an open-air basketball court in the town, surrounded by private houses. During the game, the upstairs and downstairs were full of people, and the audience was crowded with people, and the cheers were like the tide. That competition left a photo, which was a picture of the crowd waving and encouraging to the athletes.

In summing up the growth law of players and teams, Jiaxiang Qian once had a judgment: national players "take three years to form, five years to become useful, and eight years to become useful", three years to lay the foundation and become qualified provincial athletes, five years to become the main force of the national first-class team, and after eight years of tempering, they become candidates for the national team. For a team, to be effective, it is necessary to play more than 200 domestic games and more than 100 international games every year.

Where did so many competitions come from? Jiaxiang Qian’s answer is: practice is the competition, and competition promotes practice. So every weekend, he organizes open-door competitions and training. At the same time, it is also to make young players less arrogant and arrogant. With more audiences, athletes will practice harder.

In the era of planned economy, the meat, rice and eggs in the base need to be allocated. There is another consideration in open training, which is to solve the problem of feeding the trainees. Also invited to watch the training were the heads of supply and marketing cooperatives in Zhangzhou counties and other units. Watching the ball flying all over the court, the players dived and tumbled again and again, and sweat, blood and concrete mixed together. Those responsible persons were all moved by the hard work of the women’s volleyball girls and said, "Let me know what the training team lacks."

In Zhong Jiaqi’s view, "the effect of this kind of open-door training for old money is very good. The atmosphere of the competition has been greatly improved. Everyone is chasing after me, not giving up, making rapid progress, and talents are thus selected. " After four years of winter training in Zhangzhou, the technical and tactical level of volleyball in China has advanced by leaps and bounds, and the opportunity to re-establish the national women’s volleyball team is ripe. In the spring of 1976, Yuan Weimin, the coach of the national women’s volleyball team, came to Zhangzhou base to choose a general, and Jiaxiang Qian mobilized all teams to actively train talents for the national team. Cao Huiying, Chen Zhaodi, Yang Xi and others participated in the first batch of training in Zhangzhou.

In 1979, in order to rush out of Asia, China women’s volleyball team took the Japanese and South Korean teams as catch-up targets. Jiaxiang Qian hung the slogan "Fight hard for three to five years and defeat Japan and South Korea" on the wall of the training hall.

Caption: In those days, China women’s volleyball players practiced their skills in the bamboo shed.

Japan has noticed the progress of China women’s volleyball team. In 1980, Shigeo Yamada, Minister of Strengthening Department of Japan Volleyball Association, led the second Japanese team to visit China and came to Zhangzhou. He said to Jiaxiang Qian, "Mr. Qian, you are very good at choosing a site. It is the same latitude as Cuba, and 25 degrees north latitude is the golden climate ecological belt. Training here can improve the bounce."

Jiaxiang Qian didn’t expect this at all, but the progress of volleyball in China proved that the location of Zhangzhou base was correct. The State Sports Commission mobilized six first-class teams to face the Japanese second team. In the first six games, the China team won all the games, and finally 17 wins and 7 losses. Shigeo Yamada commented at that time: As far as the base facilities are concerned, it is only the level of Japan in the 1950s, but the practice of centralized team training and national chess competition for sending players is the first in the world.

Zhong Jiaqi said with emotion: "Through the national training at the base, six teams in China have reached or even surpassed the level of the Japanese national second team. Do you think the level of the China women’s volleyball national team can be low at this time?"

On November 16th, 1981, China women’s volleyball team won the third Women’s Volleyball World Cup, achieving a breakthrough in China’s three goals. At this time, the Zhangzhou base, which was established for 9 years, gradually became known to outsiders, and foreign media called it a "secret base". Subsequently, China Women’s Volleyball Team began the journey of "five consecutive championships", and several generations of China women’s volleyball team made it a well-deserved "cradle of champions".

Loyal souls stay in the cradle

In June 1978, Zhong Jiaqi, who had been away from the Sports Commission for 14 years, was given high hopes and returned to Zhangzhou Sports Training Base as the director. At that time, China women’s volleyball team had just been reorganized for more than a year.

"How to ensure that athletes can have sufficient nutrition when they receive large-scale training, so that they can eat well, eat satisfactorily, and practice better?" Zhong Jiaqi and Jiaxiang Qian, who have been athletes, hit it off: We must do a good job in ensuring the life service of athletes.

During the early training period, there were hard-trained teams dragging their seats, and as a result, they could only eat cold leftovers when they returned to the cafeteria. "Jiaxiang Qian was very angry at the time and made it clear to me that the last sports team that finished training should not only eat hot dishes and hot meals, but also eat better than the team that finished training early!" Zhong Jiaqi introduced that by strengthening the management of canteens, all teams are also guided to train hard.

Jiaxiang Qian also took the chef to the training ground and let the chef watch the team members’ hard training. "Once it was close to dinner, I watched the China women’s volleyball training at the venue, and Lang Ping was hungry and wanted to hit 100 good shots. Eat after practice, and eat after class if you don’t practice well. Not only her, but every member of the China Women’s Volleyball Team is so hard. " Yan Wenzhong, an old chef, recalled that by approaching the women’s volleyball players, the base staff had a sense of responsibility as a "family member". "As long as the team is still training, our chef will never rush and never leave early." Today, Zhangzhou base still has the tradition of letting the team that finishes class at the latest eat the best meals.

Caption: Before retiring, Yan Wenzhong was the head chef of the base, and once specially launched the "China Women’s Volleyball Recipe" to ensure that the soldiers could "eat" after hard training.

"When Lang Ping was a team member, the women’s volleyball team had mung bean soup at noon and longan porridge at night. Just after exercise, you can drink sour plum soup to appetize, and nutritious things can be eaten." Yan Wenzhong said that under the influence of Jiaxiang Qian, he will also take the initiative to observe the eating habits of athletes and keep them in mind silently: Yuan Weimin loves seafood, Zheng Meizhu and Hou Yuzhu are used to sweet and sour taste, Lang Ping is the most appetizing to eat tomatoes mixed with sugar, Chen Yaqiong is the most fascinated by oyster frying, Lai Yawen and Su Huijuan have a preference for grouper and stewed pigeon soup …

When the conditions in Zhangzhou base were difficult, many homesick women volleyball girls would secretly shed tears during the Spring Festival. Jiaxiang Qian arranged recreational activities while doing the girls’ ideological work with the coaches. At the Spring Festival party, the girls wrote and performed their own programs, and Lao Qian also performed on the stage, which made the girls laugh. For 13 Spring Festival holidays, Jiaxiang Qian spent the holidays with the team at the base.

In the spring of 1990, Zhangzhou began to welcome the winter training of the first-class national women’s volleyball team. The staff had already made the bed for Jiaxiang Qian and waited for him to command the national training again. Unexpectedly, the bad news came suddenly: 64-year-old Jiaxiang Qian died unexpectedly in Beijing. On his deathbed, he told me to scatter half of his ashes in Zhangzhou Sports Training Base.

Wang Jiawei, the former coach of China Men’s Volleyball Team, greatly admired his predecessor Jiaxiang Qian. In 1998, he led all the men’s volleyball soldiers to pay homage to Jiaxiang Qian’s tomb. This China Men’s Volleyball Team led the team to regain the Asian Championship after 18 years’ absence, successfully defended its title in the Asian Championship in 1999, and won the Asian Championship in 1998, winning the triple crown in Asia. Wang Jiawei also funded the renovation of Qian Lao’s tombstone in the base.

Caption: Wang Jiawei (first from left), former head coach of China Men’s Volleyball Team, reveres his predecessor Jiaxiang Qian.

Lang Ping is also in Zhangzhou base, "Xiao He just showed his sharp corner". Lang Ping’s Autobiography published in 1999 has such a passage on page 82: "There is also our old-timer Comrade Jiaxiang Qian, who did a lot of work for the take-off of the women’s volleyball team, and he was still running for the cause of the women’s volleyball team until he died of serious illness. Therefore, as long as I have the ability, I have to contribute everything I can to the China women’s volleyball team. "

Wang Erkang, a former honorary team leader of China Men’s Volleyball Team, said: "China Women’s Volleyball Team is a heroic group, especially in the low valley, there are still a group of people who work silently without paying back. It is because of their silent efforts that China women’s volleyball team has achieved today. In my impression, Jiaxiang Qian is a predecessor who should not be easily forgotten. "

This spring, flowers are sent to Jiaxiang Qian’s grave from time to time, and evergreen cypress trees are flourishing, which is as endless as the spirit of women’s volleyball.

Editor-in-Chief: Chen Hua

Author: Liu Xueyan Chen Hua Shi Jiani

Text Editor: Chen Hua

Title source: Haishar

There was an explosion in the pig farm? Investigation on the explosion accident of illegal fireworks production in Liling, Hunan Province

  Xinhua News Agency, Changsha, July 13th Question: Why did the pig farm explode? — — Investigation on the explosion accident of illegal fireworks production in Liling, Hunan Province

  Xinhua News Agency "Xinhua Viewpoint" reporters Xi Min, Xie Ben and Liu Fangzhou

  At 4 o’clock in the morning of July 11th, an explosion accident of illegally producing fireworks and firecrackers occurred in a pig farm in Zhuhuashan Village, Banshan Town, Liling City, Hunan Province, killing five people and losing two people. According to investigators, the pig farmers involved have been controlled by public security organs.

  Why did fireworks explode in the pig farm? Xinhua Viewpoint reporter rushed to the scene of the accident to investigate.

  "No one expected that fireworks and firecrackers would be produced inside."

  Recently, the highest temperature in Zhuhuashan Village of Banshan Town approached 37 degrees Celsius, and the meteorological department issued a high temperature warning. According to the local deployment, fireworks and firecrackers production enterprises have successively entered the high-temperature shutdown period.

  At 4 o’clock in the morning on the 11th, a pig farm in the village exploded, breaking the silence at night. "In an instant, the window glass shattered and the fire was shining outside." The villager surnamed Liu, who lives more than 100 meters away from the pig farm, recalled to the reporter, "I thought it was an earthquake."

On the 11th, villagers were cleaning up the damaged doors and windows. (Xinhua News Agency reporter Xie Benshe)

  The reporter saw at the scene that the aluminum alloy doors and windows of several surrounding villagers’ houses had been severely deformed, and thick glass crumbs were scattered at the door of the house, and the interior of the house was in a mess, and cracks appeared in the walls of villagers’ houses.

  The reporter found that the pig farm where the explosion occurred was sandwiched between two mountains, and its geographical location was very hidden. The surrounding villagers said that there was nothing unusual in the pig farm on weekdays. In view of the hygiene regulations and the strong odor, outsiders generally do not approach. "I often see two cars parked at the gate of the pig farm at night, but only when someone comes to play mahjong, no one expected that fireworks and firecrackers would be produced inside." A villager said.

This is the scene of the accident filmed by the reporter on July 11th. (Xinhua News Agency reporter Xie Benshe)

  It is understood that this pig farm named "Minwang Ecological Farm" has been operating in the local area for many years, and the legal representative is Liu Moujun’s wife.

  After preliminary investigation, at the end of June this year, Liu Moujun rented a pig shed with only 60 square meters in the pig farm to Li Mouzhong, a villager in a neighboring town, for illegal fireworks production. They bought raw materials from other places, stayed up all night, organized workers to work all night, and were suspected of making small fireworks products commonly known as "foxtail".

  An emergency management cadre who participated in the accident handling estimated: "The explosive that caused this explosion may be more than 100 kilograms." The relevant person in charge of Liling Public Security Bureau revealed that seven suspects, including Liu Moujun, had been under control and Li Mouzhong was killed in the accident.

  Expose multiple regulatory loopholes

  Fireworks and firecrackers industry is one of the pillar industries in Liling. The data shows that there are more than 170 registered enterprises engaged in fireworks production in the local area, with more than 100,000 employees.

  Illegal production is the pain point and risk point of fireworks and firecrackers industry. "Illegal workshops often have serious defects in safety management and are extremely dangerous." A supervision cadre of fireworks and firecrackers industry said that the relevant safety production norms have strict requirements on the construction of factory buildings, physical isolation of production links, quantitative stacking of raw materials, and personnel holding certificates. For example, the amount of processed drugs should not exceed 3 kg at a time, and single-person single-room operation should be implemented. However, the hardware facilities and personnel quality of illegal workshops are far from meeting the requirements.

  Although the relevant departments have made great efforts to control it, the illegal production of fireworks and firecrackers has been repeatedly banned. According to the statistics of Liling Public Security Bureau, Liling has detected 31 criminal cases of illegally manufacturing and storing explosives this year, and 54 people have taken criminal compulsory measures. In 2022, this group of data was 59 and 88 respectively.

  Why do offenders take risks? A practitioner in the fireworks and firecrackers industry said that compared with regular operation, illegal production saves many costs such as investment and factory construction, safety management and tax payment, and the profit rate may be more than three times higher. The reporter learned from the public security and judicial organs that Li Mouzhong was sentenced for illegally manufacturing and storing explosives in 2021. When the accident occurred, he was still on probation.

  Many practitioners and regulators have reported that many fireworks manufacturers have emptied their inventories, and some people "bet" on the good market at the end of the year and use the off-season in summer to "grab production". Another person from the regulatory authorities told reporters that the wages of workers who illegally produce firecrackers in pig farm workshops may reach thousands of yuan per night.

  It is worth noting that there are security loopholes in the "two ends" supervision of fireworks and firecrackers in production and sales.

  A number of emergency management department cadres said that although the regulatory authorities require raw material manufacturers to strictly verify the buyer’s safety production license qualification, there are many cases of "taking advantage of loopholes" in the operation level, such as hanging certificates and forging certificates. At the sales level, one of the usual means of illegal production workshops is to enter the licensed manufacturer through the back door to complete the transformation, or directly "fake" the outer packaging of the regular manufacturer, steal its safety production license number and flow into the wholesale market.

  The accident also exposed some problems that illegal production workshops are concealed and difficult to supervise. The police of Banshan Town Police Station said that the illegal workshop hidden in the pig farm was hidden and only produced at night. The cadre in charge of safety production in Banshan Town said that he had never entered the pig farm for investigation before. This method of artificial production of firecrackers does not use large equipment and is very flexible. Once the raw materials and products are removed, it is difficult for regulators to find traces of production.

  In addition, a cadre of the supervision department pointed out that some grass-roots units are not strictly responsible, and some even have interests involved. The investigation work is a mere formality, forming a blind spot for supervision and allowing illegal production to take advantage of it.

  Be alert to risks in hidden corners and improve joint prevention and control at the grass-roots level.

  On the 11th, the Emergency Management Department of Hunan Province held an emergency video conference on "illegal production" and safety supervision of fireworks and firecrackers in the province. On the 12th, Liling launched the "crackdown on illegal production" campaign, emphasizing "strict investigation, crackdown and strict control" on illegal production.

  Liuyang and Liling in Hunan, Shangli and Wanzai in Jiangxi, four counties and cities are national fireworks and firecrackers industrial clusters, accounting for more than 85% of the country’s output, and are also key supervision areas for the production of fireworks and firecrackers.

  Many cadres of public security and emergency management departments believe that the supervision of fireworks and firecrackers industry is polarized at present: the supervision of formal production enterprises is more and more strict and standardized, while the illegal production activities in "hidden corners" are more and more hidden, and there are signs of spillover to non-main production areas.

  A cadre engaged in the supervision of fireworks and firecrackers industry said that in the past, illegal production dens were mostly located in abandoned houses and factories in remote areas. With the increasing crackdown, these dens kept changing places and their mobility was greatly improved. "Some are produced in high-rise elevator houses, and some are produced in the freight compartment of trucks, ‘ Shoot a gun and change a place ’ It is very difficult to find and attack in time. "

  "The illegal production of fireworks and firecrackers also shows a trend of small-scale and fragmented organization production. For example, this pig farm den does not need electricity, machinery, and venues. The technical threshold is low, and a few experienced locals can engage in production. " The cadre told reporters.

  The cadres of the emergency management department interviewed suggested that we should focus on the "two ends" in controlling and cracking down on illegal production — — On the raw material side, strengthen the crackdown on illegal sales of dangerous chemicals that are easy to explode, and strictly implement the management of raw material flow; On the sales side, strengthen the supervision and inspection of dealers’ operating compliance. In short, let the illegal production dens "raw materials can’t enter, products can’t go out" and cut off their interest chain.

  On the other hand, we should strengthen the implementation of regulatory measures such as cross-regional inspection and joint law enforcement in the main producing areas of fireworks and firecrackers, accelerate the promotion of a unified and standardized management system, and carry out a "chess game" management of the flow of raw materials and products in the region.

  The interviewed cadres also suggested that for illegal production supervision, the relationship between powers and responsibilities of various departments should be further clarified. We can explore the establishment of a comprehensive linkage mechanism between public security, emergency management, market supervision and other departments, strengthen command and coordination, and compact the supervision responsibilities of various departments, so as to form a joint force of supervision through continuous attacks on the upstream and downstream of the whole chain.

  At the same time, it is necessary to promote the safety supervision force to extend to grass-roots safety supervision stations, village cadres, grid workers, etc., establish a normalized illegal production investigation mechanism, improve the joint prevention and control mechanism at the grass-roots level, increase the intensity of surprise visits and unannounced visits, and guard against cadres becoming "protective umbrellas."

The electric shadow of Japanese automobile empire: the choice and torture of traditional manufacturing industry

  The electric shadow of Japanese automobile empire: the choice and torture of traditional manufacturing industry | geography of overseas automobile market

  Xiao yisi

  "The market share of pure electric vehicles can only account for 30% at most, and the remaining market share will be occupied by hybrid vehicles, hydrogen fuel cell vehicles and fuel vehicles." Recently, Akio Toyoda, chairman of Toyota Motor Corporation, once again "shelled" pure trams. He said that because of the lack of charging facilities, about 1 billion people in the world could not use electric vehicles, so a single pure electric vehicle could not provide transportation services for everyone.

  In addition, Akio Toyoda also said that giving up fuel vehicles and choosing electric vehicles should be decided by customers, not by policies or regulations.

  Judging from the recently released data, it seems that Toyota Motor is quite likely to win in this new and old energy dispute, and has made outstanding achievements in profitability, company market value and global sales. Take the company’s market value as an example. On the day when Akio Toyoda "shelled" electric vehicles, Toyota’s closing market value was fixed at 48.7 trillion yen (about 328.8 billion US dollars), making it the company with the highest market value in Japanese history.

  As a pearl of Japanese automobile industry, Toyota is almost the vane of the development of the whole Japanese automobile market. Completely different from the streetscape where various brands of electric vehicles are constantly shuttling in Shanghai, when the First Financial Reporter walks on the streets of Japan at the end of 2023, the chances of seeing new energy vehicles are very small, and even Tesla is close to disappearing here. Instead, K-car (ultra-small car with a displacement of no more than 0.66L) or Toyota Erffa, which are nicknamed "Old Man Le" and "grocery cart" in China market, can be seen everywhere.

  Here, it is obviously too early to talk about the end of the era of fuel vehicles. "It is no exaggeration to say that what Japanese cars were like when I first came to Japan 25 years ago, and what they are now, but the cars are new, and the consumption concept is still the same as before." Wang Li, chief operating officer of Hongqi Japan Experience Center, said in an interview with China Business News recently that the penetration rate of new energy vehicles in Japan is very low, coupled with the low willingness of Japanese car companies to transform, never deliberately promoting electric vehicles and poor charging infrastructure.

  According to the data of Japan Automobile Sales Association Federation and Japan National Mini-car Association Federation, the sales of new cars (including mini-cars) in Japan reached 4.78 million in 2023, up 13.8% year-on-year, the first growth in five years, but it still failed to surpass the level before the epidemic in 2019. While the auto market is improving, the data released by Cui Dongshu, secretary-general of the Association, show that the penetration rate of new energy vehicles in Japan is less than 3% in 2023, which is not only far lower than that in China and Europe, but even lower than that in Canada, Mexico, South Korea and other countries.

  It is the low penetration rate of new energy vehicles that makes many car companies see opportunities in the Japanese market. Tesla and BYD have successively entered the "forbidden import area" of Japan. Previously, according to Japanese media reports, SAIC-GM-Wuling has also investigated the Japanese market, and there are plans to introduce Hongguang MINI EV into sales. In 2023, the import of pure electric vehicles by foreign car companies in Japan exceeded 20,000 vehicles for the first time, reaching 22,890 vehicles, up nearly 60% year-on-year. Among the imported manufacturers, Tesla and BYD were among the top, while the pure electric vehicles imported by Japan just exceeded 10,000 vehicles in 2022.

  It is true that the quantity of imported pure electric vehicles is still very low compared with the annual automobile sales in Japan. It is still difficult to decide whether it will be a single spark that started a prairie fire or a fleeting meteor. Just as in the face of the changing trend of global car electrification, whether the Japanese domestic market and the whole automobile industry it has cultivated are the afterglow of the empire or the sober-up after everyone is drunk remains to be concluded.

  Automobile kingdom on internal combustion engine

  Although the Japanese automobile industry has a history of more than 100 years, the real story basically begins with Ford entering Japan.

  In 1925, Ford began to assemble the Ford Model T, which was popular all over the world, followed by General Motors and Chrysler, and came to Japan to set up companies to assemble and sell cars. In the following ten years, the embryonic Japanese automobile market was almost monopolized by the three major American automobile companies. However, American auto companies have also brought technology and manufacturing management experience to the Japanese auto market.

  Looking closely at the development history of Japanese automobile industry, the government’s protection policy is essential. In 1936, Japan promulgated the Automobile Manufacturing Law, which prohibited foreign automobile companies from entering Japan, and Ford and GM were forced to withdraw. However, Japanese local car companies are increasing day by day, and today’s global champion Toyota Motor was established in 1937.

  The early development of Japanese car companies was mainly based on imitation. Toyota’s early AA cars and SA cars were based on Chrysler Airflow and Volkswagen Beetle.

  In order to avoid the impact of imported cars from Europe and the United States, since 1951, the Japanese government has also set high tariff barriers on imported cars, while strictly prohibiting overseas capital from directly investing in the Japanese automobile industry. The protection policy is superimposed on the popularity of local automobile consumption brought by Japan’s economic prosperity. Since the 1960s, Japan’s automobile industry has risen rapidly, and the local sales volume has jumped from 400,000 vehicles in 1960 to 4 million vehicles in 1970, achieving a tenfold high-speed growth. In 1966, Japan’s automobile production surpassed that of Britain and squeezed into the top three positions in the world.

  The second take-off of Japanese cars benefited from two oil crises. In the 1970s, Japanese cars were not satisfied with the local market and began to expand overseas. At this time, it coincided with the soaring oil price, and the price of crude oil rose from $3.3/barrel in 1973 to $36.8/barrel in 1980. The economical and fuel-efficient characteristics of Japanese cars made them popular all over the world, and opened up the American market advocating high horsepower in one fell swoop. Coupled with the cost reduction brought by lean manufacturing, Japan’s total automobile output exceeded 11 million in 1980, surpassing the United States to become the largest automobile producer and exporter.

  Since then, in order to avoid trade friction and further reduce production costs, Japan has replaced the simple export trade model by setting up factories overseas to directly produce or assemble cars. By 2015, the overseas production scale of Japanese cars has reached 18.09 million, almost twice that of domestic 9.28 million.

  In Japan, the semiconductor and home appliance industries have not lagged behind one after another, and the automobile industry is very important to Japan. At present, it is the largest pillar industry in Japan, accounting for about 10% of Japan’s total GDP and 40%~50% of its industrial output value. There are 78 factories in 22 prefectures and counties in Japan, with more than 5.5 million related employees.

  At the same time, with the development of Japan’s automobile industry, the consumption concept that used to be proud of owning an American car has already changed. The Japanese auto market has become a "forbidden place to import", and over 90% of the local market share has been occupied by Japanese auto companies. In 2023, the top ten automobile sales in Japan were all Japanese brands, including Toyota, Suzuki, Daihatsu, Honda and Nissan, among which a single Toyota brand occupied 26.5% of the market. In addition to local brands, there are almost only European brands that can be seen on Japanese streets, such as Mercedes-Benz, BMW, Volkswagen and Volvo.

  Traditional fuel vehicles have made Japan’s automobile industry, but Japanese cars have also generated great inertia, which makes it difficult for them to "turn around like an elephant" in the face of global automobile electrification transformation.

  Trapped in the transformation of new energy sources

  "There is almost no publicity about new energy vehicles on traditional communication platforms such as TV and mailbox." An international student who has lived in Japan for a long time told reporters that the information of trams will only appear on the Internet, which is very fragmented compared with the domestic situation.

  According to Rho Motion, a market research company, the global sales of electric vehicles in 2023 was about 13.6 million, up 31% year-on-year, of which 9.5 million were pure electric vehicles. In terms of market, the sales volume of new energy vehicles in China reached 9.495 million, accounting for nearly 70% of the global market. In Japanese market, the sales volume of new energy vehicles is less than a fraction of that of China market. In 2023, the sales volume of pure electric vehicles just exceeded 20,000.

  As a big automobile country, Japan is not only a "forbidden place for import" but also a "forbidden place for new energy". There are almost no electric cars on the road, and even Tesla Model Y, whose sales volume won the championship for the first time in 2023, has to be defeated in the Japanese market. In 2021, Tesla sold a total of 5,200 cars in Japan and only 1,900 cars in 2020.

  Tesla’s difficulty in selling in Japan can also be seen from the price of Model Y in Japan, which is almost second only to China, the world’s most "rolled" new energy market.

  "Japan has accumulated nearly a hundred years in the traditional internal combustion engine track, and it has achieved today’s achievements. Once you turn around and turn to new energy vehicles, it will involve more than 5 million families. This is not only a problem in the automobile industry, but also a social problem. " A Japanese car dealer investor told reporters.

  Akio Toyoda has repeatedly stressed the unemployment cost caused by Japan’s automobile transformation. Earlier, Akio Toyoda declared that if Japan began to implement the "carbon neutral" plan focusing on electric vehicles, Japan would lose 5.5 million jobs and 8 million new car production capacity by 2030.

  Wang Li told reporters that Aichi Prefecture in Nagoya is the location of a famous Japanese automobile industry cluster, where hundreds of Toyota parts suppliers gather. Once the electric vehicles are transformed, the whereabouts of these suppliers and local industries in Aichi Prefecture will be a big problem.

  On the other hand, Japanese car companies headed by Toyota have repeatedly missed the electrification technology tree, which has further delayed its transformation process. In fact, it is not too late for Japanese cars to develop and explore new energy sources. Japan is one of the earliest countries to lay out batteries. As early as the 1990s, Japan had the first generation of "Big Three" composed of Panasonic, Sanyo and Sony. By the beginning of the 21st century, Japanese companies have produced nearly 90% of the world’s consumer lithium batteries. In 1997, Toyota introduced the world’s first mass-produced hybrid Prius, and in 2010, Nissan listed the world’s first mass-produced LEAF for pure electric vehicles.

  But around 2010, Japanese auto giants headed by Toyota once believed that hydrogen fuel cell vehicles were the future. Mirai hydrogen fuel cell model launched by Toyota in 2014 is a representative event. Akio Toyoda has repeatedly "advocated" that lithium battery electric vehicles are not really clean energy, and the real new energy vehicles are actually hydrogen fuel cell vehicles. He believes that the world’s mainstream optimism about electric vehicles is likely to be a misunderstanding.

  This concept makes the Japanese battery industry chain bet on hydrogen fuel cells, but ignores the investment in lithium-ion power batteries. Because of this, Japanese cars missed the first half of the development of global electric vehicles.

  At present, the patent share of Japanese car giants represented by Toyota in the field of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles exceeds 74%, and it involves core fields. However, only technology has no market, and hydrogen fuel cell vehicles simply cannot stand on their feet. By the end of 2022, the total number of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles in major countries in the world was 67,315, of which only 8,150 were in Japan.

  "There is a hydrogen refueling station within one kilometer of my home, so I can occasionally see several hydrogen fuel cell cars, which are basically not seen in other places." Wang Li said.

  Based on this, the above-mentioned investors told reporters that there are very few choices of electric vehicles in the Japanese auto market, and ordinary consumers have little knowledge of electric vehicles. The new energy vehicle market has not been cultivated at all.

  Foreign brands take advantage of the situation to attack

  However, the wheel of the times is rolling forward, and many countries around the world have identified electrification as the main direction of new energy vehicle reform in the future. The Japanese government, which was hesitant, also set the goal of "no burning" in early 2021, and announced that by 2035, 100% of the new cars sold will be electric vehicles.

  In terms of subsidies for consumers to buy cars, Japan has also raised the maximum subsidy for pure electric vehicles from 400,000 yen to 800,000 yen, for plug-in hybrid vehicles from 200,000 yen to 400,000 yen, and for hydrogen fuel cell vehicles from 2.25 million yen to 2.5 million yen.

  With the support of policies, the reporter learned from the consulting firm Kearney that the Japanese market is expected to turn to electric vehicles steadily in the future. By 2025, the penetration rate of electric vehicles (including pure electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles) will increase from 3% in 2021 to 8%, and further increase to 35% in 2035, when the global penetration rate of electric vehicles is expected to reach 27%.

  In this context, foreign brands are gradually knocking on the door of Japan, a "forbidden place for imports", through new energy sources. Tesla opened the first local delivery center in Tokyo, Japan in November 2021 and began to deliver Model 3. In September 2022, Tesla officially announced that its current best-selling model Model Y has also landed in the Japanese market and opened a reservation.

  BYD also officially entered the Japanese market on July 21st, 2022, becoming the second China automobile brand to enter Japan after FAW Hongqi.

  "BYD’s entry into the Japanese passenger car market is a trend." BYD told the First Financial Reporter that on the one hand, the penetration of new energy vehicles in Japan is low, which shows from the side that there are still huge growth potential and industry opportunities in the Japanese electric vehicle market, and the Japanese government is committed to promoting automobile electrification, providing certain car purchase subsidies for electric vehicles, and actively encouraging more enterprises to participate in the construction of charging facilities. On the other hand, BYD has a good market base and brand base in Japan. In 1999, BYD started to serve Japanese customers with rechargeable batteries. Subsequently, BYD’s pure electric commercial vehicles, energy storage and other businesses were successfully carried out in Japan, accumulating a good market foundation and brand foundation.

  So far, BYD has opened 17 stores in Japan, distributed in Tokyo, Yokohama, Nagoya, Fukuoka and other places, and plans to open more than 100 stores in Japan by the end of 2025. At present, BYD has listed BYD ATTO 3 and BYD DOLPHIN in Japan, and will soon launch BYD SEAL and other products.

  Previously, according to Japanese media reports, I took a fancy to Japan’s huge K-car market. SAIC-GM-Wuling also investigated the Japanese market and planned to introduce Hongguang MINI EV into sales. Because of the narrow roads in Japan and the limited parking space resources in Japan, mini-cars have been selling very well in Japan, and Hongguang MINI EV is expected to sell much cheaper in Japan than mini-cars made by local Japanese companies. But for some reason, SAIC-GM-Wuling has not officially announced its entry into the Japanese market.

  Although the absolute value of electric vehicle sales of foreign manufacturers in Japan is still very small, the year-on-year growth rate is very fast. In 2022, the sales of pure electric vehicles by foreign manufacturers in Japan exceeded 10,000 vehicles for the first time, and in 2023, the data exceeded 20,000 vehicles. The proportion of pure electric vehicles imported by foreign manufacturers also reached a new high, reaching 9.2%. Among them, BYD delivered 1,237 vehicles in Japan in the first year.

  Compared with the total sales of more than 3 million vehicles in the whole year, BYD’s sales in Japan are almost negligible, but Chairman Wang Chuanfu attaches great importance to the Japanese market. According to relevant reports, in October 2023, Wang Chuanfu personally attended a dealer meeting in the port area of Tokyo. Recently, BYD Japanese dealers also came to Shenzhen for communication.

  For the arrival of BYD, the largest publishing house in Japan, Nikkei BP, also dismantled the seal of BYD, and published a book, including BYD’s 3.0 platform, Sandian, CTB battery pack and body structure integration, etc., and the price was as high as 880,000 yen (equivalent to 43,000 yuan).

  On the contrary, Japanese cars have gradually lost power in China, the fastest-growing new energy market. In 2023, the share of Japanese brands in China market fell to 17%, the lowest level in three years, and in 2020, it was 24.1%. In terms of brands, Toyota’s sales in China in 2023 was 1,907,600 units, a year-on-year decrease of 1.7%; Nissan’s sales in China were 793,800 units, down 24% year-on-year; Honda’s sales in China were 1,234,200 vehicles, down 10.1% year-on-year.

  Will there be a "Nokia moment"?

  On December 17, 2020, at the year-end press conference of Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association, Akio Toyoda, as the president, publicly "shelled" electric vehicles, saying that electric vehicles were over-hyped. He believed that with the advent of the electric vehicle revolution, many enterprises would die, many investments would be wasted, and more carbon dioxide would be released in this process.

  When such remarks came out, it triggered a lot of discussion in the industry. On December 21st of that year, He Xiaopeng, chairman of Xpeng Motors, forwarded the above remarks and wrote a story about Microsoft’s acquisition of Nokia, implying that Toyota was compared to Nokia in the era of smart phones.

  Previously, there has been a discussion in the industry about whether traditional car companies will be subverted like Nokia. The sales of new energy vehicles are growing rapidly, eroding the basic disk of traditional fuel vehicles, which also makes many traditional car companies more and more anxious. Tesla CEO Musk, who holds a completely opposite view to Akio Toyoda, warned that if traditional car companies do not quickly transform into electric vehicles, they will be eliminated, just as Kodak, the film giant of that year, was abandoned by the digital age.

  In this context, China’s new energy vehicles are not only entering the Japanese domestic market, but also entering the Southeast Asian market occupied by Japanese cars.

  Climate Group, an international non-profit climate group, once published an independent report saying that if Japan cannot switch to pure electric vehicles in time, it will lose half of its automobile exports and 1.72 million jobs by 2030; By 2040, it will lose 14% of GDP and 80 trillion yen in profits (equivalent to 3.88 trillion yuan).

  However, it is worth noting that although Japanese cars have suffered setbacks in China market, they have prospered in other markets, especially the achievements of Japanese cars in 2023 have given them more confidence in resisting electric vehicles. In terms of sales volume, Toyota is still the overlord in the era of fuel vehicles. In 2023, the global sales volume is expected to reach 10.65 million units, ranking first in the world for four consecutive years. In terms of financial performance, Toyota expects that in the latest fiscal year ending in March this year, the company’s consolidated operating profit will increase by more than 60% year-on-year, reaching 4.5 trillion yen (about 30.5 billion US dollars). If realized, Toyota will become the first Japanese company with an operating profit of more than 4 trillion yen. In terms of the company’s market value, on the day when Akio Toyoda "shelled" electric vehicles, Toyota’s closing market value was fixed at 48.7 trillion yen (about 328.8 billion US dollars), making it the company with the highest market value in Japanese history.

  In addition to Toyota, in the third quarter of 2023, Honda’s net profit also reached 253.2 billion yen, a year-on-year increase of 34%; Nissan’s net profit was 190.7 billion yen, up 173.3% year-on-year.

  For Japanese cars, the global market for traditional fuel vehicles is still large enough. However, in order to cope with the trend of electrification in the future, Japanese car companies such as Toyota have to be wrapped up in transformation, although electric vehicles are bombarded every three to five times. In May last year, Toyota announced that it would invest 5 trillion yen in related fields of pure electric vehicles (EV) by 2030, which increased by 1 trillion yen on the previous plan. Honda, which is famous for its engine technology, has formulated the most radical electrification strategy among the "top three Japanese companies", that is, only electric vehicles will be sold in the global market by 2040. Among them, in the China market, Honda will not launch new fuel vehicles by 2030, and 100% of new car sales will be pure electric vehicles by 2035.

  On January 29th, Nissan Motor Co., Ltd. also announced that it will independently produce lithium iron phosphate batteries that do not use expensive materials such as nickel, and strive to be installed in pure electric vehicles launched by emerging countries after 2026. Nissan’s move is intended to reduce the cost of batteries by 20-30%, reduce the price of pure electric vehicles, and accelerate the popularization in emerging market countries.

  "In terms of market share of power battery, a key component of electric vehicles, Japan has been left far behind by China and South Korea. If Japan wants to play a’ turnaround’, it is necessary to see the next generation of battery technology. " Hu Qichao, founder and CEO of SESI Corporation (SES), which focuses on mixed lithium metal batteries, pointed out to the First Financial Reporter.

  At present, in the transformation of new energy vehicles, Japanese cars still hold two cards, namely solid-state batteries and hydrogen fuel cells. Solid-state battery has always been regarded as the next generation battery technology for electric vehicles. The First Financial Reporter learned from the global patent database of Wisdom Bud that Japan is in a leading position in terms of technology source and layout. In terms of patent distribution, Japan accounts for about 30.4% of the global total, followed by China, the United States, Europe and South Korea, accounting for about 26.2%, 14.4%, 5.2% and 3.9% respectively.

  Toyota also regards the solid-state battery, whose energy density is expected to be greatly increased, as the key to overtaking in the curve on the electrified track. Investors’ high expectations for the commercialization of solid-state batteries and taking advantage of hydrogen fuel cells have also supported Toyota’s share price rise this year.

  For the Japanese automobile empire, which relies heavily on the traditional internal combustion engine, some people think that it is only the afterglow of the sunset, but some people also point out that it is sober under the fanatical transformation. Zhu Huarong, chairman of Chang ‘an Group, mentioned not long ago that foreign brands are waiting for the best opportunity. Once they are transformed, with the resources they have and the global market, their rise cannot be underestimated.

  In 2023, the global automobile sales will be between 79 million and 81 million, and the new energy penetration rate will be around 17%, while the new energy penetration rate in the global market except China will be only around 8%. It is foreseeable that the end of the automotive electrification reform has not yet come, and it will still be a protracted war.

How does SHEIN break the monopoly pattern of international fashion brands with flexible supply chain?

In the global fashion industry, fierce market competition and the increasingly diversified needs of consumers are constantly reshaping the pattern of the industry. European and American markets have been dominated by international brands for a long time, and the entry threshold and challenges of China brands are self-evident. However, in a few decades, SHEIN has sprung up suddenly. With its unique business model and subversive supply chain management, it has successfully broken the monopoly position of international brands in Europe and the United States and become a unicorn brand in the fashion field.

So the question is, how did SHEIN do it?

In fact, hundreds of years of foreign commercial culture and fashion culture have spawned a series of foreign brands that have existed for decades, and they have certain first-Mover advantages compared with domestic brands in terms of technical details and product quality. However, this long-term accumulation has also led to the relative complexity and inflexibility of its organizational structure and operation mode, which is often called "cumbersome".

"Clumsy" is actually relative. Take Zara as an example, although it has shown the characteristics of efficient operation in many aspects. For example, it adopts SPA mode, characterized by high turnover rate and high profit rate, and captures the trend information from physical stores, fashion magazines, fashion shows and other channels and quickly transforms it into design inspiration. Nevertheless, Zara still represents a mature and large-scale industry model, and there is still room for further improvement in flexibility and rapid response.

Compared with traditional fashion brands, the operation mode displayed by SHEIN presents a completely different style. Because sales are entirely based on online retail, real-time feedback of information is more direct and efficient. In the production process of ordering, the small order adopted by SHEIN can be more sensitive. Usually, 100-200 products are produced on a small scale and put into the market for testing. If the sales trend is good, the order will be returned immediately, but if the sales are not up to expectations, the production will be suspended. And ZARA’s first order should be at least 500-1000 pieces.

SHEIN also actively uses its own technological advantages and experience to promote the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries such as clothing manufacturing. Due to the flexible supply chain mode of on-demand production, the whole link is upgraded from front-end fashion trend, design and development, manufacturing, warehousing and logistics, which brings about the improvement of the whole efficiency.

Before cooperating with SHEIN, most of these factories did not have the ability of systematization and intelligence, and most of them relied on manual work, Excel, mail and other traditional ways to arrange production, which was very inefficient and did not have competitive advantages in the industry. However, after cooperating with SHEIN, they completed the transformation into a digital factory with full chain digitalization, which greatly reduced the waste of materials and the waiting time of workers. Based on demand supply, the inventory rate of brands can be reduced to low single digits, while the average unsold inventory level of other brands in the industry is 30%.

SHEIN, a technology-driven flexible on-demand supply chain, not only improves industrial efficiency, reduces waste, but also helps to protect the environment. At the same time, due to the cost reduction caused by waste reduction and efficiency improvement, brands can give back 100% of these values to end consumers, share the created value with consumers, and greatly reduce the sales price of goods.

This "small order and quick response" model gives SHEIN a significant advantage, which is reflected in higher commodity turnover rate and finer inventory management. It enables SHEIN to more accurately test and quickly capture the explosive potential styles in the market, while almost avoiding the risk of excessive inventory. In the view of Boston Consulting Group, this agility of on-demand fashion has become the source of competitive advantage in the fashion industry, and the agile supply chain model represented by SHEIN has become an irresistible trend of the industry, which is gradually changing the rules of the game of the global fashion industry and leading the industry to develop in a more efficient and sustainable direction.

Reporting/feedback

26 Spring Festival travel rush never missed the last Spring Festival travel rush of the old captain who only had a reunion dinner with his family once.

This year, Li Jing, the captain of Chongqing Airlines, welcomed his "last Spring Festival travel rush".
After flying for 42 years, he has accumulated 24,277 hours of safe flight and 10,568 ups and downs. A string of figures is full of his love for the blue sky.
He was awarded the third class in flight safety, and was also the teacher of Zhai Zhigang, the first person in China spacewalk … Behind these honors, there was a vacancy in the reunion dinner table on New Year’s Eve.
But in his eyes, it is worthwhile to watch more people go home safely.
"The First Man in China’s Space Walk" was his student.
Li Jing, a 59-year-old veteran pilot, has 42 years of flying experience, accumulated 24,277 hours of safe flight, 10,568 landings and 730 hours of simulator mission. This year is his last Spring Festival travel rush, and he will officially retire in May.
As a civil aviation official, Li Jing can be said to have witnessed the development of civil aviation in China.
He dreamed of flying since he was a child. In order to pursue his dream, he entered the No.2 Air Pre-school College at the age of 18, and then entered the No.2 Air Pre-school Flight Academy through layer-by-layer selection. At the age of 31, he went to the No.17 Aviation Division to teach six, five and six aircraft. Zhai Zhigang, the "first person to walk in space in China", was his student.
After the Air Force retired in 1993, she worked as a civil aviation pilot. In 2009, she joined Chongqing Airlines. During her flight career, Li Jing experienced various types of aircraft upgrades. During his service in the army, he flew over the sixth, fifth and sixth junior high schools. After he was discharged from the army and worked as a civil aviation pilot, he began to fly Yun -7, McDonnell Douglas MD-82 and now Airbus 320.
"At that time, flying was a very foreign thing, and there were only a few people who could afford to fly." Li Jingxiao said that the earliest Yun -7 had only 46 seats, and there were more than 100 seats in McDonnell Douglas MD-82, and there were not many passengers in Spring Festival travel rush. Now, with the economic development and the improvement of people’s living standards, flying has become a very common thing. Nowadays, there are more and more aircraft types, and the facilities and equipment on board are getting better and better.
Twenty-six Spring Festival travel rush only had a reunion dinner with their families once.
Li Jing’s wife and children are civil aviation people, so they usually spend less time together. In his memory, in 26 Spring Festival travel rush, he had a reunion dinner with his family only once on New Year’s Eve.
He is never absent from Spring Festival travel rush every year, and every flight experience is vivid in his mind.
He still remembers that when flying a flight from Dalian to Chengdu in 1998, a passenger suddenly fainted due to physical discomfort. After seeking medical treatment in the cabin, he decisively returned to Taiyuan for medical treatment, so that the passengers turned the corner.
In 2007, on the flight from Beijing to Chengdu, the plane just took off and encountered an unexpected situation. In the absence of instructions on descent and location, he relied on experience and manual operation to let 150 passengers return safely.
Because of her exquisite flying skills and serious and responsible work, Li Jing has successively performed many special flying tasks such as complex routes, military transportation and urgent charter flights.
"As a civil aviation person, it is common for us not to go home for the New Year, and we are used to it." Li Jing said it lightly, but it contained a love for the cause.
Meticulous work, flying for 42 years, zero mistakes
"Pass it on with your own strength and help each other with your own strength." As a flight instructor, Li Jing also perfectly explains what it means to be a teacher. Attend meetings and trainings on time, treat work strictly, and be realistic.
"I have been flying for 42 years without a mistake, which is very admirable." Jin Hongzhi, the captain who has been working with him for a long time, said that Captain Li Jing taught him what he had learned without reservation, which saved him a lot of detours in his study.
On February 3rd, Li Jing ushered in the first flying flight in Spring Festival travel rush this year, Chongqing-Hengyang-Fuzhou OQ2351. At 13:20 pm, the crew held a flight preparation meeting as usual, looked at the weather data, flight route and other information on the day of the flight, and made advance plans for possible problems during the flight before taking off.
Li Jing has held countless preparatory meetings like this over the years, but he still treats each meeting meticulously.
After the meeting, the crew members go to the physical examination room for physical examination, which is an essential link for each pilot before boarding the plane. By measuring blood pressure and alcohol content, they ensure that they are in the best mental state, and then everyone receives protective materials and goes to the airport for pre-flight preparation.
At the apron, Li Jing went around the plane to check the fuel tank, rotor, tail, engine air intake, landing gear and other parts. After finishing the engine room inspection, she waited for the passengers to board the plane and prepare for takeoff.
At 15:05, with the roar of the engine and the fading horizon, flight OQ2351 left the ground and rushed into the sky …
Although this is Li Jing’s last Spring Festival travel rush, he said that even if he retires, his love for aviation will never diminish.
Upstream News chongqing morning post Reporter Li Jing Photography Gan Xiayi
Reporting/feedback

Beauty of chongqing wants a high-profile response from the unspoken rule Zhang Yimou? (figure)


Yiyi posted photos on the Internet.



Yiyi posted photos on the Internet.



Yiyi posted photos on the Internet.



Yiyi posted photos on the Internet.


  Excerpts from Yiyi’s blog:


  First, the hidden rules


  If one day Zhang Yimou suddenly wants to hide me, I think I will go without saying anything! Maybe, I can go to Hollywood for decades. God ~ Give me a hidden rule when I have to, but only if you keep your word, I don’t want to be Yu Zhang!


  Second, the sex scandal


  Women can also use men to succeed in the upper position. For example, I took nude photos, but I don’t know where to send them. If John Woo says, call me to take Red Cliff 2. The premise is to send nude photos, I must send them! Is there a master planner who can teach me how to send it so that I can become popular?


  Third, selling privacy


  I really want to find someone to give me a lot of money, and then I’ll make myself beautiful! To be the first beauty in China, after all, I think I still have this foundation, and then the privacy is absolutely red!


  Fourth, the mouth is crazy.


  You can learn from Sister Furong’s madness, and you can learn from Lan Dong and mean girls’s nonsense, and your popularity will definitely rise. In fact, I also want to say that I want to find a boss to support me, give me money, give me a car, give me a house, I will give you health and give you happiness! Has anyone come to sign up? Finally, I just want to say that a good planner is the most important thing. I want to find a planner, and we will plan it well. Then I will go up and you will follow me. To succeed is to do whatever it takes, which has nothing to do with spiritual beauty!


  Follow-up blog:


  On June 1st, we will do what we want to do in this limited life, and those who leave regrets in life are stupid people. He’s a walking corpse.


  Today, June 12th, I found myself on the home page. I was surprised, hehe! I think this propaganda method is really good, and the click of blog has increased at once!


  On June 13th, we only try our best to achieve everything when we are young. The first person to eat grapes is the strong one, that is, the winner. If you lose, if you can’t eat grapes, you will always be a frog in the well.


  I was completely demonized by you on June 14th, so those bosses left me messages. Should I thank you? My mailbox is full of all kinds of adoption conditions. I don’t know if some of these people also scolded me on the blog and pretended to be good people to support me there.

Editor: Zhang Renhe

A probe into the "nightlife" after work of Fuxing of China EMU

A probe into the "nightlife" after work of Fuxing of China EMU

  After the "Fuxing" was put into storage, the first process was cleaning. The picture shows the staff taking a bath for the Fuxing. Photo by Sun Guangzhe

  On June 26th, 2017, Fuxing, the EMU train with the highest speed in China, was officially put into operation, which opened the new speed of China high-speed railway. On the eve of the Spring Festival, the reporter from Zhongxin. com came to the operation office of Jinan East EMU in Shandong to visit the "nightlife" of Fuxing after work.

  "Good traction rod, good air duct and good axle … …” In the maintenance depot, Wang Xiao, the foreman of the special maintenance team of Jinan East EMU, is leading more than 10 colleagues to do a "physical examination" for a train of Fuxing, which just got off work.

  The picture shows the EMU warehousing. Holding professional lighting and video equipment, the staff crouched on both sides of the car for a series of procedures such as watching, smelling and listening. Sha Jianlong photo

  The "Fuxing" that is being "physically examined" has 16 carriages, which are parked on the trench track about 2 meters deep. The maintenance personnel are located in the front, sides, roof, under and inside the car for operations.

  Wendy Wang told reporters that "Fuxing" must pass the tread diagnosis and pantograph detection before entering the maintenance depot. Just like CT, infrared detection equipment conducts all-round detection on the tread of the wheelset and the high-voltage power receiving equipment at the top of the train, and transmits the monitoring data to the professional computer for "expert consultation".

  "After warehousing, the first process is cleaning." Wendy Wang said that after the power failure and bow lowering of the EMU, the special car wash liquid for the EMU was sprayed from the water outlet, and the professional "SPA masseur" beside the track was "Fuxing" and "taking a bath". Under normal circumstances, EMUs should be disinfected and cleaned by outdoor automatic washing machine before entering the warehouse. However, due to the cold weather in winter, the cleaning work must be carried out indoors by professionals to prevent the EMU from catching a cold.

  After cleaning, professional "doctors" will start a "full physical examination" of the EMU. According to the technical regulations and technological requirements, Harmony and Fuxing should enter the motor depot every 4,400 kilometers or 48 hours and every 6,000 kilometers or 48 hours for first-class operation and maintenance.

  "To ensure that ‘ Fuxing ’ The motor train runs at a high speed and smoothly, and every bolt and every part of the train must be accurate. " Xu Qingji, the "post-90s" ground mechanic of Jinan East EMU Operation Institute, is a member of the maintenance team, having repaired CRH2, 5, 380A, B and other vehicles. He told reporters that if problems are found during maintenance, they need to call superiors through real-time intercom equipment for diagnosis and maintenance.

  "Fuxing" is an independent research and development emu with independent intellectual property rights in combination with China’s application needs, which is more perfect and superior than the emu models that it overhauled before. Xu Qingji said that it unified the operation interfaces, passenger pages and operation modes of different OEMs, and also completely unified all interfaces and parts, established a brand-new China high-speed train standard system, and realized mutual standby, reconnection, rescue and hot standby of trains.

  In addition to the overhaul of the running gear, traction, braking, pantograph and in-vehicle facilities of Fuxing, its "brain" — — The maintenance of "ATP" system is particularly important. According to Wang Weina, chief of the ATP analysis work area of Jinan East EMU, the ATP system on board the high-speed rail is equivalent to a "black box", which is not only a monitoring system, but also records the running status of the high-speed rail in real time and transmits it to the monitor. It is also a traffic control system, which can command the safe operation of vehicles according to the track information ahead.

  Wang Weina said that when overhauling, professionals should clean up the dirt on the transponder of vehicle-mounted equipment to ensure that the transponder responsible for receiving and sending information is always in good working condition. "After ensuring that all equipment and facilities are kept in normal condition, the train can be put into operation."

  "Although the work is hard, I am very proud whenever I see a train of EMUs running normally after team maintenance." During the period of Spring Festival travel rush, the professional "doctors" of Fuxing will still stick to their posts and "escort" people’s travel. (End)

  Author Sha Jianlong

"I saw Uncle Deng’s cooking." In 1972, I spent the New Year at Deng Xiaoping’s home.

     





    In 1972, I visited Deng Xiaoping in Nanchang, Jiangxi, and spent an unforgettable New Year at Deng Xiaoping’s home. Deng Xiaoping’s cooking skills, Zhuo Lin’s enthusiasm, and his friendship with Deng Lin’s brother and sister all remain fresh in my memory.


    Visiting relatives in Nanchang on New Year’s Day


    On the eve of New Year’s Day in 1972, my sisters Da Rong and Er Rong went to Nanchang from Linchuan County, Jiangxi Province to visit Uncle Deng Xiaoping. I remember that it was a cold winter. There was a layer of mist on the boundless Ganjiang River, and no ship was seen. The distant mountains were gray, and the vegetation along the river was withered and trembling in the cold wind. We came to the guest house of the provincial party Committee by the Ganjiang River, which is the designated meeting place.


    It is said that after Deng Bobo and his family came to Jiangxi, they lived in a small building of Nanchang Infantry School. There was no heating or hot water in the building. When they wanted to take a bath, the old man had to boil the bath water downstairs and carry it to the bathroom upstairs in buckets, which was inconvenient. Moreover, it was easy for the old man to catch a cold when taking a bath in winter. This problem dragged on for a long time. When Huang Zhizhen, a former veteran cadre of Jiangxi Provincial Party Committee, learned about it, he made arrangements for Deng Bobo’s family to take a hot bath in the provincial party committee guest house every weekend. When I came to the guest house, Uncle Deng Xiaoping’s family happened to take a bath here.


    In the living room on the second floor of the hostel, we first met Aunt Zhuo Lin, Deng Lin and Mao Mao, who had just taken a bath and were combing their hair. Uncle Deng asked them to wash first and then wash themselves. When I saw Aunt Zhuo Lin, my sister and I were filled with emotion and tears. Aunt Zhuo Lin and my mother Xiao Li were good friends during the Yan ‘an period, and they had a lot of contacts. Uncle Deng came out of the shower and was very happy to see us coming. Perhaps it was because he had just taken a shower and his face was flushed and radiant. He speaks Sichuan dialect, and we also speak Sichuan dialect, because we grew up in Chengdu and have a local accent. Visiting Uncle Deng has always been our wish. Our family has a good relationship with Uncle Deng’s family, and their children grew up together. First, we reported to Liu Junxiu, deputy director of Jiangxi Revolutionary Committee, who worked in the Jinsui Military Region with my father Li Jingquan during the War of Resistance against Japan period. Our wish was realized through the contact between Uncle Liu and Uncle Deng’s family.


    Uncle Deng asked about our work and life with concern. I told him that my sister and I came to Jiangxi in 1969 and settled down in my father’s hometown, Linchuan County, to work as farmers, relying entirely on earning work points to support ourselves. Speaking of which, my sister and I took out two fish brought from our hometown, which were caught by the villagers from our pond, and some eggs saved. I told Uncle Deng that these are all fruits of labor. Please accept them for the whole family to taste. Seeing that it was getting late, we were ready to leave. On hearing this, Uncle Deng immediately said, "Don’t go today, come to our house for a few days."


    Chinese New Year at Uncle Deng’s house? The Provincial Revolutionary Committee may not agree, and I am also afraid of bringing trouble to the Deng Bobo family. "I’m afraid of you. You are all little dolls. Tomorrow is the New Year. How can you go?" Uncle Deng said. Aunt Zhuo Lin also said, "You have come a long way, but you haven’t finished yet. Come home with us and spend the New Year together. Don’t worry, I’ll tell them that I can stay at home. "


More historical news:


Churchill’s favorite female spy: She died in love for her brilliant exploits.


Mrs Nixon broke into the bedroom of Soviet leader Brezhnev at night.


Nie Gannu, a contemporary "Zhou Botong" eccentric literati, abandoned his life in wild waves.


America’s "Top Ten Worst Jobs" models are among the dishwashers.


The ancient Japanese did not eat meat for 1200 years, and the emperor’s life expectancy was shorter than that of civilians.

Korean Confucian Academy witnessing the exchange of civilizations

  Over the years, around the Dragon Boat Festival, Chinese medicine and Korean medicine, printing and Confucian classic engraving, many public hot topics have emerged. Among them, there are many misinformation, and common-sense mistakes like confusing world heritage, intangible heritage and memory engineering are also common. At this time, instead of deliberately entangled in "squatting", it is better to calm down at the same time and build a multi-dimensional coordinate system of "beauty of beauty, beauty of beauty" to improve the appreciation level of tolerance and mutual learning.

  3. Visit five academies in Korea.

  In 2011, the Korean government selected 9 representative colleges from the existing 637 colleges to apply for the World Heritage. I remember that when I read the English version of Korea’s related application documents, I couldn’t understand "Seowon". After reading it carefully, I suddenly realized that this word is not the transliteration of Chinese "Academy" from Korean and then translated into English.

  After nine years of hard work, the Confucian Academy project declared by South Korea has finally been included in the World Heritage List. What are these Confucian academies in Korea like now? What is the unique value? Over the years, I have been to South Korea three times, walking in Gyeongsang Road, which was among the eight roads of Lee’s North Korean dynasty, and visited five academies.

  Among the five academies, Pingshan Academy, located near Hehui Village, a world heritage site in Anton City, still lingers on my mind when I visit them again and again. Nowadays, tourists who come to Hehui Village can take a country road to Pingshan College for a short stay if they are still interested, but they don’t know that there is a dirt road in Hehui Village, which winds into the mountains through the rice fields at the head of the village. Walking among them, if you go up the mountain yin road and overlook the Luodong River, it flows slowly, and you stop and go, as if you were sailing with the water, and the mountains and rivers set each other off, which makes people overwhelmed. About an hour later, I arrived in front of this academy, which was built in 1613. Pingshan Academy is named after the picturesque mountains on the other side, which is generally similar to other academies’ regulations, but the special environment makes this place particularly spacious and spacious. At dusk, I boarded the building opposite to the evening, and when I looked around, the river rippled with golden waves, and the light and shadow on the other side of the cliff were displaced. The scenery was quite artistic in Du Fu’s poem, "The emerald screen should be right at night, and the white valley will swim deeply."

  Hidden in the mountains, Yun Shenchu

  Among these five academies, Shaoxiu Academy in Yeongju is the oldest, which was founded by the great scholar Li Kun (1501— 1570) was founded in 1543, initially named "Baiyundong Academy", located outside the entrance of Xiaobaishan National Park in South Korea. Perhaps because of the reconstruction of the old Buddhist temple site, the pattern of Shaoxiu Academy is quite different from other academies, and there is no clear correspondence between the lecture space and the sacrifice space, and the setting of the lent houses and lecture halls is also slightly scattered. However, it was recognized by Korean scholars as the first academy on the Korean peninsula because it had two functions of giving lectures and offering sacrifices at the earliest.

  After leaving Shaoxiu Academy, I followed the footsteps of "Haidong Zhuzi" Li Yun, from Rongzhou to Anton, and went to Taoshan Academy, which was founded in 1561. In terms of scale, it is the largest of several Korean academies I have visited; According to the situation, this academy is backed by the lush Taoshan Mountain, and faces the mighty Luodong River in front. Cangshan Mountain has clear water, and the river is full of color and charm. After several years, I still remember that when I visited that day, it was raining cats and dogs, and I couldn’t help feeling that Taoshan Academy was really the first holy land of Confucianism in the Li Dynasty.

  As for Yushan Academy and Daodong Academy, they are quite like two deep valleys and orchids. One is located in the outer suburb of Gyeongju, a thousand-year-old ancient capital, and one is hidden in the most remote Dacheng County of Daegu City. Jade Mountain Academy in Gyeongju, contrary to the traditional practice of sitting south facing north, has adopted the pattern of sitting east facing west, with small building volume and very compact layout. Daodong Academy in Dacheng County faces Luodong River, accompanied by towering ginkgo biloba in front of the door, and the pavilion at the entrance is named Shuiyue Building, which makes people wonder that if they visit on the night of "full moon on March 5", they can see the scenery of "and the moon comes running up the river".

  Might as well "beauty of beauty"

  The two most famous academies in China — — Bailudong Academy and Songyang Academy were included in the World Heritage List in 1996 and 2010 respectively as part of the "Heaven and Earth" historical buildings in Lushan and Dengfeng. As for the Confucian Academy in South Korea, the system imitates China’s early academy, and even its original Baiyundong Academy imitates the Lushan Bailudong Academy reconstructed by Zhu Xi in name. It should be noted that the English name of Korean heritage project is "Seowon, Korean Neo-Confucian Academies". If Neo-Confucian is translated into "neo-Confucianism" or "neo-Confucianism" without thinking, then the complexity of the meaning of "neo-Confucianism" in Chinese context is ignored, so it is better to follow the Chinese tradition and call it "Korean Confucian Academy".

  Lee’s Korean dynasty worshiped Confucianism, but as the scholar Ge Zhaoguang said, we can’t simply confuse the traditions of several East Asian countries. Specific to the Confucian Academy in Korea, the architectural layout refers to the configuration form of "Korean Mountain Temple" which was listed as a world heritage last year. Under the same social background and land use conditions, these academies have formed a completely different architectural model from mountain temples. Therefore, it has a direct role in promoting the formation of the so-called "true landscape" landscape concept of the Korean dynasty after the 18th century.

  Stones from other mountains can attack jade. The sense of solemnity that Korean academies continue to maintain is a relatively intact part of their cultural heritage of East Asian academies. This is also where we should study now. It is said that there are as many as 15,000 teenagers who go to Shaoxiu Academy to study traditional etiquette for three days every year. I still remember coming to Taoshan Academy, which is far away from the small town of Anton, on a non-weekend time six years ago. At that time, it was raining heavily, but a group of primary school students who were wearing raincoats but wet from head to toe came to visit. Under the guidance of the staff dressed in Confucian clothes, the children chirped into the Canon Church, and after a while they began to listen and read. In the quiet, they looked solemn and dignified, and the moment when the wind and rain sounded like reading was quite antique (see Figure 2).

      (Qiao Lujing text/map)