Xinhua All Media+Fufu "Rabbit" Celebrate Reunion "Yuan" Open a New Bureau —— Scan of Celebrating Lantern Festival in Various Places

  Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, February 5thTitle: Fu "Rabbit" celebrates reunion and Yuan "opens a new game — — Scanning of celebrating Lantern Festival in various places

  Xinhua news agency reporter

  In the year of Guimao Rabbit, the Lantern Festival in beginning of spring is happy. In the past few days, the splendid lanterns in Qingdao, Shandong Province have lit up Nanlao Street, the non-legacy fire dragon in Jianshi, Hubei Province has been very lively, and the fish lanterns in Shexian County, Anhui Province have been swimming to pray for good weather … …

  Having Lantern Festival and celebrating reunion, people use colorful activities to express their good expectations for the new year and start a new life full of vitality and confidence.

  The land of China is full of fun.

  Solve riddles on the lanterns, Ice Lantern Watching, Song and Dance Performance & HELIP; … The lanterns are bright and colorful, and they walk into the Chinese Baroque historical and cultural block in Harbin, Heilongjiang Province. Although the weather is still a little cold, the enthusiastic and festive activities such as guzheng playing, fitness dragon dancing, yangko dancing and Tai Chi umbrella performance attract many tourists to cheer.

  "The festive atmosphere is really good. I feel the charm of this city with my family." Gao Jiajia, a tourist who came to Harbin from Henan, said.

  Thousands of miles away, as the main venue of Guangfu Temple Fair, Zhongyou Square, located in Yuexiu District, Guangzhou, is also very lively at the moment.

  At the Guangfu Temple Fair, which opened on the day of the Lantern Festival and lasted for 7 days, visitors can not only watch performances such as Han and Tang dances, acrobatics and martial arts, but also experience intangible items such as Guangcai and Landiao, and feast their eyes on the food area with rich characteristics.

  For this year’s Guangfu Temple Fair, Guangzhou citizen Xie Jiajun has been waiting for a long time: "Guangfu Temple Fair is a childhood memory of many young people, and now the temple fair has experienced more projects. Traditional festivals are just fun for everyone to spend together! "

  North and south of the great river, inside and outside the Great Wall, there are traditional Lantern Festival projects, but also local unique and jubilant folk performances.

  In the streets of Qingxu County, Shanxi Province, the vivid back stick performance makes people stare: I saw a burly man carrying an iron bar with soft steps and walking slowly, and the children lifted on the iron bar were dressed in gorgeous costumes, driving two long sleeves to dance … …

  On February 5 th, a back stick performance was performed on the streets of Qingxu County, Shanxi Province.

  In Wangmantian Village, Xitou Town, Shexian County, Anhui Province, the custom of playing with fish lanterns has a history of hundreds of years. With the gorgeous fireworks blooming in the air, and the sound of gongs and drums, the fish lights with flashing scales and fins are surrounded by the crowd, and they file out of their ancestral halls, and follow the lights to lead them through the streets and lanes, or jump up and down, or swing left and right … …

  In Tacheng, Xinjiang, which is located in the northwest border of the motherland, the social fire performance team composed of Han, Kazak, Uygur, Daur and other multi-ethnic people has a long queue, and traditional performances such as dragon dance, lion dance, yangko and dry boat take turns to compete. Yi Meihong, a Daur performer, said: "Nowadays, the people of all ethnic groups are getting more and more prosperous. We should pass on the traditional culture and express our beautiful vision for the future life in this way."

  The most delicious thing in the world is reunion.

  In Yuexiu Park, Guangzhou, colorful lanterns full of annual flavor are blooming under the cover of night: a large orange tree lantern symbolizing harmony, happiness and good luck, a blessing corridor decorated with hundreds of lanterns, and a lifelike jade rabbit theme lantern & HELIP; …

  Yang Ligang, a 28-year-old boy from Hubei province, took a photo with his parents next to a lantern with a blessing. "I took my parents to spend the New Year in Guangzhou for the first time since graduation and wanted to spend as much time with them as possible. I hope that the new year will be full of blessings. "

  In the custom of China people, they eat Yuanxiao and Tangyuan, which are round and full, and the products are reunion, happiness, harmony and peace.

  In Harbin, the "Ice City", dozens of international students from more than ten countries, such as Russia, South Korea, Pakistan and Thailand, went to solve riddles on the lanterns, made lanterns and watched traditional performances with local people.

  Mu Anwei, a Pakistani student who ate Yuanxiao for the first time, likes black sesame stuffing best. "Through this Lantern Festival, I learned more about the traditional culture of China. It turns out that this is the taste of reunion and has a feeling of home. "

  The full moon brings people together, brightening the whole of heaven.

  At 6 o’clock in the morning on the 5th, a large number of passengers waiting to open the gate for customs clearance had already gathered outside the gates of land ports such as Futian, Shenzhen Bay and Wenjindu. At the scene of Shenzhen Bay Port, the red lanterns hanging high are swaying with the wind, and the brisk pace and happy smile smell of reunion everywhere.

  Shenzhen Bay Port on February 4th.

  There is a kind of persistence for the reunion of more people.

  Shenzhen Huanggang Port, Luohu Port and Liantang Port will resume operation on the 6th, when the Shenzhen-Hong Kong land port will be fully restored. The resumption of customs clearance is just around the corner. On the 5th, the entry-exit inspection hall at Luohu Port was extremely busy, and staff in different positions were busy for safe and smooth customs clearance.

  More than 20 folk activities, such as lantern festival, non-legacy performance, drone light show and fireworks show, are being staged in the ancient county of Taiyuan.

  There are 32 large light groups in the ancient county, 210 street merchants supply power, and the lighting facilities in the street … … In order to let tourists experience the colorful Lantern Festival, State Grid Taiyuan Power Supply Company organized more than 30 power-saving employees to stay on the spot during key hours, strengthened the inspection of line equipment, assisted the scenic spot operating units in advance to investigate the hidden dangers of power consumption, and made every effort to ensure power supply safety.

  The New Year’s struggle is just in time.

  Lantern Festival is the end of the Spring Festival and the beginning of a new chapter.

  At 5 o’clock on the 5th, before dawn, Wang Anquan came to the morning market of Hongzhuan Street in Harbin, Heilongjiang, and put fresh live fish on the stall. At 7 o’clock, people in the morning market gradually increased. On the fifteenth day of the first month, many citizens came to buy goods, and many tourists came here to experience the morning market in Northeast China. "Business is good this year and there are many customers." He said.

  Various flavors of Yuanxiao, fried cakes just out of the pot … … Ms. Yang, a tourist from Shanghai, said excitedly: "I didn’t expect the morning market to be so lively. I bought fried dough sticks, frozen pears and big porridge to taste with my family."

  The Lantern Festival in the morning market of Hongzhuan Street in Harbin is popular. Xinhua News Agency reporter Dai Jinyu photo

  The world is warm in spring, and the struggle is at the right time.

  Although it is the Lantern Festival, all production lines are running in an orderly way in the workshop of CLP Wuhu diamond aircraft Manufacturing Co., Ltd. located in Wuhu Aviation Industrial Park, Anhui Province. This is an enterprise that produces light navigable aircraft. Not long ago, the company’s 100th DA42NG aircraft rolled off the assembly line and was successfully delivered.

  "In order to speed up the research and development progress of domestic engines, many departments have worked overtime in recent days, and they have worked hard to overcome technical difficulties and seize the construction period." Huang Renjin, assistant director of the production center of the company’s Tongfei Division, said.

  On the land of China, a new picture of production and life is slowly unfolding:

  At the beginning of the Year of the Rabbit, the labor market in various places has accelerated to pick up. After the Lantern Festival, the employment of enterprises and the job search of laborers are expected to reach a climax. As a populous county and a labor export county in Shanxi, there are more than 50 recruitment publicity materials in the employment service hall of Linxian County, Shanxi Province. The recruitment information of enterprises is scrolled on the big screen, and people come to consult in an endless stream.

  Ma Yongzhen, the head of a human resources company in Linxian County, is busy with recruitment. "In the past few days, 160 people have been transported to Qingdao and Nantong." Ma Yongzhen said that the third batch of migrant workers will be sent to other places on January 16.

  In the spring ploughing season, after the reunion dinner, the workers in the workshop of Xinjiang Tacheng Tianjin Industry and Trade Co., Ltd., which is mainly engaged in water-saving irrigation equipment, worked overtime to produce at full capacity.

  "In January this year, farmers placed orders, two months earlier than in previous years. The production line of the enterprise has not stopped since the Spring Festival. " Li Tanping, the company’s production director, said.

  Full of vitality, strive to be a "rabbit".

  Under the bright full moon and bright lanterns, let’s unite and forge ahead in the new year and write the most beautiful times.

12-year-old children send 5-year-old children to the police station.

At 19 o’clock on February 21,

A boy in his early teens.With a little boy of four or five years old.

Came to Zhanyi Public Security Bureau

Jinlong police station duty room

Tell the police

"Uncle, this child is lost."

The police know the situation and know that

The big boy’s surname is Han

It’s Xiping Primary School in Zhanyi District.

A sixth-grade student

See this little boy in the street.

Standing alone in the street crying

Go forward and ask.

I learned that the little boy and grandma got lost when they went to the street.

He took him to the police station.

Hope the police uncle.

Can help the little boy find his grandmother

The police immediately gave a verbal praise to Xiao Han.

After seeing off Han provided.

The police brought oranges for the little boy.

And played a game with him.

After the little boy’s mood stabilized,

Information about him and his family

It was also successfully "set out" by the police.

The little boy’s surname is Dong.

I am five years old this year.

When I was working with my grandmother from Kirin to Zhanyi

Get separated in the street

The police then contacted the child’s family.

in a moment

The father of the child rushed to the police station.

After confirming the identity

The police handed the child over to his father.

After subsequent understanding

During the winter vacation

After school starts.

The police station and school will praise Xiao Han.

Reporting/feedback

Is running training a "real effort" only if you are "tired to vomit"?

There are always some brainless runners (such as Zang Mou) who don’t understand scientific training on the Internet, and they also like to regard "running training is too tired to vomit" as a typical symbol of hard training.

These people don’t know how to train scientifically, so forget it. They especially like to teach others how to train running on the Internet without knowing what to do. They also like it.

In this regard, I have to stand up and give you literacy.

Since May, 2022, in order to achieve my annual goal of "running 10km in 35 minutes", I have been carrying out various running trainings.

Moreover, in order to concentrate more on running training, and as a fitness enthusiast, I basically gave up all fitness training.

Because during this period, due to excessive running training, I have been injured many times, and I often take many injuries with me.

Therefore, this should be regarded as a proof of my "real efforts".

For example, on August 25th, 2022, after running training, the medial tibia of my two legs, the lateral knee and the meniscus of my right knee all hurt, and the ligaments of my ankles and heels were a little uncomfortable.

Of course, I don’t have to worry about my health, because I have a set of countermeasures for these injuries and have published them on my own WeChat official account. Nowadays, I have basically overcome my running injuries.

So it can be said that,

Can’t my running training be regarded as "really trying"?

Just because I’m not "too tired to throw up"?

Well, don’t rush to refute it. Let me talk about the interesting running training experience before.

A few months ago, due to serious injuries, in order to avoid going out to continue running, in order to distract attention, I began to brush Korean dramas. Or lying, or lying, or sitting, watching Korean dramas for many days day and night. As a result, the physical condition is very bad.

Then one afternoon,

As a result,

And before that, after lunch and before running in the afternoon, I never ate anything.

On that day, I just decided to run in the afternoon temporarily.

There are also some unfavorable factors:

Accordingly, I have reached the following conclusions:

So,

If you want to avoid "tired to vomit" in running training, you should-

As long as the above points are achieved, no matter how hard the running training is, it is unlikely that you will be "tired to vomit".

This is the real "scientific training"!

In addition, I would like to say something about what some people call "retching".

If "I’m tired to vomit" is because there are too many things left in my stomach,

"retching" is because there is nothing in the stomach.

I usually take water with me when I run.

When there are symptoms similar to retching, just take a sip of water and the problem will be solved!

Of course, I usually replenish water in time before the symptoms of "retching" appear, so basically this will not happen.

Therefore,

After 11 years of running, I have these six insights.

The longer you run, the more you can feel. Running can make people feel free and liberated, release the pressure and tension of the body, and make people’s emotions relaxed and relaxed.

In the process of running, people canThinking and reflectionThis is one of the reasons why many runners love running. Running can make people jump out of the daily chores, precipitate their thinking, and meditate on their own life, work, interpersonal relationships and other issues. Especially in the process of running for a long time, the body will enter an automatic state, and the brain will have more space to reflect and think.

It has been about eleven or twelve years since I started running. With the increase of running time, running not only changes my body, but also slowly I find that many concepts are changing, and many concepts are even quite different from those when I started running.

Enjoy the running process more and more

Running, like any other skill, takes time and experience to master. It’s true that I just started the ordeal of running, and I can’t talk about enjoying it.

But when you keep running, you will gradually improve your skill level, so that you can more easily enter the state of "enjoying" loudly and experience more fun and sense of accomplishment.

In addition, the positive impact of running on physical and mental health also makes meEnjoy running more.. For example, running can release chemicals such as endorphins and dopamine, which can improve mood and happiness.

Running is an exercise with long-term benefits. When we insist on running, we will enjoy this process better and get more sense of accomplishment and motivation from it, which will make you stronger, healthier and more confident.

Patience is very important in running.

First of all, in running, it is difficult to see rapid and significant progress in a short time. However, if you can persist and be patient and gradually adapt to running, you will find that your skills and physical fitness are slowly improving. Since running is a long-term exercise form, when you accumulate experience and persist,Patience becomes one of the keys to success..

Secondly, some difficulties need to be overcome in running, such as external environment, climate change and personal fatigue. When you can be patient and solve difficulties, your self-confidence and perseverance will be significantly improved.

Patience is also needed in training and competition, which includes full preparation, planning your own plan and keeping calm. If you are anxious and lack rational thinking, you may be mobilized too early in the competition or training, and you will not achieve your best performance. Maintaining a patient, stable and positive attitude is the key to achieving the best results.

In a word, running needs long-term investment, hard training and high self-discipline. On the road of running, having patience can help you stick to it and overcome unexpected things and difficulties.

The process of running is as important as the result.

When you start running, you will pay more attention to the process objectives of running, such as your skills, posture and breathing during running, and optimize your performance according to these. By improving your running skills, you can improve your running efficiency and make running more relaxed and comfortable. By paying attention to the process goal, you can enjoy the running process and feel happy during the exercise.

Beginners usually set some goals in order to persist in running, such as completing a 5-kilometer running plan. Running distance is one of the easiest criteria for beginners to measure their progress. They will gradually improve their endurance and running speed, and constantly challenge longer distances and higher difficulties.

When you have some running experience, you will pay more attention to the result goal.For example, they will pursue higher speed and better performance, and pay attention to quantitative indicators such as competitive ranking or running performance. Will pay more attention to their own skills and training methods in order to achieve better performance and higher ranking, such as participating in marathons or other competitive exercise programs.

Although it is very important to achieve these goals, paying too much attention to the outcome goals will make you ignore many successful experiences in the process and lead to excessive anxiety and loss.

Runners at each stage have different concerns in running, because their goals and experience levels are different. When running, both the process goal and the result goal are very important, and they complement each other.

When you gradually optimize your performance by paying attention to the process goal and achieve the result goal, you will feel a greater sense of accomplishment and motivation, so that you can keep exercising for a longer time.

Therefore, both the process goal and the result goal are very important, and they should be balanced during running.

I prefer jogging now.

When you run for a long time or have formed a stable habit, you will prefer jogging.

As you get older and run longer,More and more people will find that jogging is a good way to relieve fatigue and restore physical strength.. In addition, jogging can also reduce the risk of injury and make sports healthier and safer.

An important benefit of jogging is that you can easily keep your training plan when you are easily tired or tired. When I run at a jogging speed, I have time to clear my mind, which is closely related, and I am immersed in the deep experience because of the abundant oxygen supply.

To a certain extent, slow running is really not as exciting as fast running. However, the most important thing in running is to enjoy the process and stick to it. No matter what form you insist on running, you can achieve the goal of pursuing exercise and health.

Therefore, if you like jogging and can keep the habit of running, it is a good choice to continue jogging.

Pay attention to the quality of running rather than the quantity.

In modern society, with the enhancement of people’s health awareness, running has become a widely popular fitness method. However, for many people, running is not only for health, but also a manifestation of competition and pursuit of higher achievements. Therefore, many people are obsessed with the quantity and speed of running and ignore the importance of running quality.

In fact, the quality of running includes not only the posture, breathing and rhythm of running, but also the meaning and purpose of running. Running should not only exist to achieve a certain goal, but should become a way of life and a way to enjoy life.

If we blindly pursue the quantity and speed of running, then we will easily fall into the burden of running and lose the happiness and pleasure brought by running itself. Therefore, we should pay more attention to the quality of running.Let running become a way to enjoy life, not a pressure and burden..

In the process of running, we can appropriately slow down the speed, slow down the breathing, and adapt our body and mind to the running process. At the same time, we can also pay more attention to the posture and breathing mode of running, so that running can become a process of relaxation and enjoyment.

Experienced runners will not run at all costs for the amount of running, nor will they force themselves to complete the 30-kilometer long-distance training under the condition of physical fatigue. Instead, they should suspend training when their state declines.

In a word, running should not be a burden, but a way to enjoy life. Therefore, we should pay more attention to the quality of running and make running a pleasant and happy lifestyle.

Running makes people more stable.

Running can not only exercise the body, but also exercise willpower and self-control. In the process of running, people need to overcome fatigue and discomfort and persist in completing the whole exercise process. This persistent spirit and self-control ability will also play an active role in daily life, making people more stable and firm.

Modern people have a fast pace of life and often feel pressure and anxiety. butRunning is a kind of exercise that can help people relieve stress and anxiety.. Through running, people can release the negative emotions accumulated in the body, and at the same time, they can promote the secretion of neurotransmitters such as dopamine in the body, thus helping to improve their emotional state and mental health.

Running can make people feel physical strength and self-confidence, which helps to improve people’s self-confidence and self-esteem. Through running, people can gradually improve their running performance and enjoy the sense of accomplishment and satisfaction brought by sports, thus becoming more calm and confident psychologically.

In a word, running can improve people’s physical health, mental health and emotion. Long-term running can make people reflect and think better, gain a deeper understanding and improve their self-awareness and self-management ability.

What do you feel after running? Welcome to share!

Wang Xin’s career and love have a double harvest! Get Ma Kui’s approval and capture Merry ma’s heart!

Before the Spring Festival, "Coming from South to North" was on the air.
Xiaoqi plays with his family every day.
It is simply a necessary entertainment link for the Spring Festival.
The train and the interesting things in the courtyard were staged one after another, and the atmosphere was full of family fun.
It really adds a lot of happiness to the New Year.
After the new year, "going south and going north" also ushered in a new atmosphere.
All staff have a new look, and each has its own new breakthrough.
Let Xiaoqi show you a new scene of prosperity in the compound!
Remember Wang Xin (Bai Jingting) and Ma Kui (Ding Yongdai)
Was it incompatible when we first met?
Today’s Wang Xin is growing up in setbacks.
He is no longer an afterlife who talks about "the little gun king of the police academy"
He took master’s words to heart.
Think again and again when you encounter problems.
After making a mistake and being transferred, Wang Xin stopped acting rashly.
Several cases, large and small, have been cracked in succession.
This is different from the past
Today’s Wang Xin deserves this big red flower.
Won the recognition of Ma Kui.
Also won the heart of Merry ma (Gina)
How can Ma Kui, as a master, lag behind his disciples?
The original Ma Kui was strict father, a strict teacher.
I don’t know much about how to get along with my family
Under the warmth of the closest relatives.
Ma Kui seemed to turn on the tender feelings switch.
Although the mouth is still hard, but the soft heart has overflowed the screen.
He took the initiative to visit Wang Xin at Hongyang Station.
Take Merry ma to buy high heels and try them on for her.
The Relationship among Wang Xin, Ma Kui and Merry ma
Is getting closer and closer.
Encouraged by the growth of both boyfriend and father,
Merry ma also found a new direction of love and career.
Once, her love was hard to open in my heart.
Watching a sweetheart fall in love will only sulk.
Today’s Merry ma has a delicate mind
Take the initiative to help Wang Xin and Ma Kui break the ice
After understanding one’s own mind
She took the initiative to visit Wang Xin in Hongyang.
The relationship between the two is heating up rapidly.
No more guessing each other’s minds
See others doing small business.
Merry ma also wants to do business in the sea.
Start with a stall and accumulate little by little.
Can Ma Yan make a career?
We can look forward to it
"Going from south to north" is a new atmosphere in the new year, and the compound also welcomes new people
Niu Dali (Liu Guanlin), who pursues love with brute force, has made rapid progress in her feelings.
Pulling Yao Yuling (Jiang Yan) to push up the car of love.
It’s just that Yuling is always uncertain about Yao, and seems to have other choices.
With the concerted efforts of Qi Xin from all the people in the compound.
Cai Xiaonian (Song Jiateng) successfully married his wife.
In a happy place, the Cai family is also happy.
A guest from Harbin, Jia Jinlong (Li Naiwen), also came to the compound.
Woolen coat and small leather shoes, handsome and full of praise.
When Jinlong Yuling met under the cherry tree, it seemed like an idol drama.
The relationship between these two people seems very unusual? !
Ma Kui’s old friend visited.
Lili (Rain Wang), the daughter of an old friend, also lives in Ma’s house.
As soon as they met, Merry ma and Lili got along like sisters.
The two girls are stubborn and obedient, which makes people curious.
Can Lili blend into Ma’s family smoothly?
Can Ma Kui’s bowl of water be leveled?
The newcomers in the compound are wave after wave.
Everyone smiles and is very lively.
Wang Xin, Ma Kui, Merry ma and others also ushered in new challenges.
The train was shocked by the case of dismemberment, and Wang Xin and Ma Kui jointly investigated it.
Wang Xin and Merry ma have increasingly clear feelings.
Can they get Ma Kui’s permission?
The excitement of "going north and south" continues.
Meet you at iQiyi at 19:30 every day on time.
Reporting/feedback

The holiday is approaching, and the "shopping" mode is opened. The Shiji high-speed railway opens and the delicious food along the way is waiting for you.

  CCTV News:The New Year holiday is approaching, and many people plan to travel by high-speed rail during the holiday. Now you may have another choice. On the 28th, the Shijiazhuang-Jinan high-speed railway was officially opened for operation, and the travel time between the two places was further shortened. At 8: 00 am on the 28th, the first train from Shijiazhuang Station started and arrived at Jinan West Station at 10: 07 am as scheduled.

  Food is waiting for you along the way.

  After the opening of the Shijiazhuang-Jinan high-speed railway, the journey from Shijiazhuang to Jinan will be shortened from 4 hours to 120 minutes, and it will only take 5 hours to Qingdao. That is to say, you can take a train from Shijiazhuang in the morning and have a seafood dinner at noon! What must-eat foods are there along the way?

  In Shijiazhuang, cold palace noodles are an essential food.The noodles in Gaocheng Palace in Shijiazhuang are only 0.7 mm in diameter. Although the noodles are thin, they are hollow in the middle. The first choice for making cold noodles is Gaocheng Palace Noodles. The production of Gaocheng Palace Noodles began in the Zhenguan period of Tang Dynasty, and it was listed as the best imperial food in Qing Dynasty because of its fine craftsmanship and unique flavor, so it was called Palace Noodles.Gaocheng Palace is soft and smooth, and it is not bad for cooking, so it is loved by many people.

  The train went all the way to the east and came to Xinji. Xinji Crispy Sugar is a famous folk snack in Hebei. xinji city has been called Shulu County since Tianbao in the Tang Dynasty. Since ancient times, it has the reputation of poetry and painting, so it is also called.Golden deer crisp candy. It is made by traditional technology, with obvious layering. A crisp candy can reach 6561 layers, also known as thousand-layer crisp. The crisp candy is yellowish in color, shaped like a twist, delicate and delicate like a handicraft, and tastes crisp, fragrant, crisp, sweet, crisp but not scattered, crisp but not broken, sweet but not greasy.

  From Xinji to the east, after Hengshui and Jingzhou, you came to Dezhou, where you must have heard of braised chicken. Many people know that braised chicken is delicious, but few people know its birth process."Dezhou spiced boneless braised chicken" originated in the Ming Dynasty, was founded in the Qing Dynasty, spread in the Republic of China, and flourished today, with a history of more than 300 years. At the end of the Ming Dynasty and the beginning of the Qing Dynasty, Dezhou, as an important transit point of the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal, followed the river from Kyoto to nine provinces.In 2014, the production skills of Dezhou braised chicken were included in the national intangible cultural heritage representative project.

  Don’t miss the beautiful scenery along the way

  The opening of the Shijie high-speed railway opens the "shopping" mode. Besides the delicious food along the way, the beautiful scenery is also something you can’t miss.

  In Shijiazhuang,Zhengding Rongguo Mansion is a place you can’t miss. It is also the shooting location of the 87th edition of A Dream of Red Mansions. It broke ground in 1984 and was opened in 1986. It covers a total area of 37,000 square meters and is divided into two parts: Rongguo Mansion and Ningrong Street. Completely in accordance with the description in the classical literary masterpiece A Dream of Red Mansions, it was jointly demonstrated by experts in redology and ancient architecture, and was strictly designed and built with reference to the prevailing norms of wooden buildings in China in the Qing Dynasty and the Qing Dynasty Code.

  At the same time, Zhengding is also the birthplace of Yuanqu. Nowadays, in Zhengding Yuanqu Museum, there are not only more than a dozen musical instruments accompanied by Yuanqu, such as drums, suona, zhongruan, pipa, etc., but also the script form of Yuanzaju and the five palaces, four tones and qupai of formal singing are illustrated on the exhibition wall. When you walk in here, people will always involuntarily sing along with the Yuanqu minor played in the museum.

  I came to Gaocheng, the hometown of palace lanterns.Traditional Gaocheng Palace lanterns are all hand-made, and the process is extremely complicated, such as making the base, sawing bamboo pieces, scraping bamboo strips, punching bamboo holes and piercing bamboo strips … … Among the 56 processes, the most critical one is scraping bamboo strips. If the bamboo strips are scraped unevenly, the radian will be different after bending, and the lanterns will not be round.Want to make lanterns round and good, every step is very elegant.

  The train continues eastward to Xinji, which is the northern leather capital of China and Xinji International Leather City. Since its opening in 2010, it has settled in 1,200 enterprises, 32 world famous brands, more than 100 national brands and provincial brands.

  The last stop of Shijike Passenger Dedicated Line in Hebei is Jingzhou Station, and the first stop after entering Shandong is Dezhou East Station.In this border area between Hebei and Shandong, the culture is of the same origin. In the Han Dynasty, it belonged to Guang Chuan, and it was also the hometown of Dong Zhongshu, a great scholar in the Han Dynasty. There are Jingzhou Tower, Gao’s tombs, Feng’s tombs and Dong Zi Cultural Park in Jingzhou.

  The train enters Jinan, which is a famous spring city. When you come to the spring city, the first thing you experience is the spring water.The 800 springs in Jinan are divided into ten spring groups, such as Baotu Spring and Black Tiger Spring. The ten spring cities, such as Chaoran Zhiyuan, Minghu Tingqu and Quanshuiren, are beautiful. The most famous one is Baotu Spring, which ranks first among all springs in Jinan. According to legend, Emperor Qianlong of the Qing Dynasty went down to the south of the Yangtze River and drank his own Yuquan water in Beijing along the way. When he tasted Baotu Spring water, he immediately changed the water and named Baotu Spring "the first spring in the world".

The electric shadow of Japanese automobile empire: the choice and torture of traditional manufacturing industry

  The electric shadow of Japanese automobile empire: the choice and torture of traditional manufacturing industry | geography of overseas automobile market

  Xiao yisi

  "The market share of pure electric vehicles can only account for 30% at most, and the remaining market share will be occupied by hybrid vehicles, hydrogen fuel cell vehicles and fuel vehicles." Recently, Akio Toyoda, chairman of Toyota Motor Corporation, once again "shelled" pure trams. He said that because of the lack of charging facilities, about 1 billion people in the world could not use electric vehicles, so a single pure electric vehicle could not provide transportation services for everyone.

  In addition, Akio Toyoda also said that giving up fuel vehicles and choosing electric vehicles should be decided by customers, not by policies or regulations.

  Judging from the recently released data, it seems that Toyota Motor is quite likely to win in this new and old energy dispute, and has made outstanding achievements in profitability, company market value and global sales. Take the company’s market value as an example. On the day when Akio Toyoda "shelled" electric vehicles, Toyota’s closing market value was fixed at 48.7 trillion yen (about 328.8 billion US dollars), making it the company with the highest market value in Japanese history.

  As a pearl of Japanese automobile industry, Toyota is almost the vane of the development of the whole Japanese automobile market. Completely different from the streetscape where various brands of electric vehicles are constantly shuttling in Shanghai, when the First Financial Reporter walks on the streets of Japan at the end of 2023, the chances of seeing new energy vehicles are very small, and even Tesla is close to disappearing here. Instead, K-car (ultra-small car with a displacement of no more than 0.66L) or Toyota Erffa, which are nicknamed "Old Man Le" and "grocery cart" in China market, can be seen everywhere.

  Here, it is obviously too early to talk about the end of the era of fuel vehicles. "It is no exaggeration to say that what Japanese cars were like when I first came to Japan 25 years ago, and what they are now, but the cars are new, and the consumption concept is still the same as before." Wang Li, chief operating officer of Hongqi Japan Experience Center, said in an interview with China Business News recently that the penetration rate of new energy vehicles in Japan is very low, coupled with the low willingness of Japanese car companies to transform, never deliberately promoting electric vehicles and poor charging infrastructure.

  According to the data of Japan Automobile Sales Association Federation and Japan National Mini-car Association Federation, the sales of new cars (including mini-cars) in Japan reached 4.78 million in 2023, up 13.8% year-on-year, the first growth in five years, but it still failed to surpass the level before the epidemic in 2019. While the auto market is improving, the data released by Cui Dongshu, secretary-general of the Association, show that the penetration rate of new energy vehicles in Japan is less than 3% in 2023, which is not only far lower than that in China and Europe, but even lower than that in Canada, Mexico, South Korea and other countries.

  It is the low penetration rate of new energy vehicles that makes many car companies see opportunities in the Japanese market. Tesla and BYD have successively entered the "forbidden import area" of Japan. Previously, according to Japanese media reports, SAIC-GM-Wuling has also investigated the Japanese market, and there are plans to introduce Hongguang MINI EV into sales. In 2023, the import of pure electric vehicles by foreign car companies in Japan exceeded 20,000 vehicles for the first time, reaching 22,890 vehicles, up nearly 60% year-on-year. Among the imported manufacturers, Tesla and BYD were among the top, while the pure electric vehicles imported by Japan just exceeded 10,000 vehicles in 2022.

  It is true that the quantity of imported pure electric vehicles is still very low compared with the annual automobile sales in Japan. It is still difficult to decide whether it will be a single spark that started a prairie fire or a fleeting meteor. Just as in the face of the changing trend of global car electrification, whether the Japanese domestic market and the whole automobile industry it has cultivated are the afterglow of the empire or the sober-up after everyone is drunk remains to be concluded.

  Automobile kingdom on internal combustion engine

  Although the Japanese automobile industry has a history of more than 100 years, the real story basically begins with Ford entering Japan.

  In 1925, Ford began to assemble the Ford Model T, which was popular all over the world, followed by General Motors and Chrysler, and came to Japan to set up companies to assemble and sell cars. In the following ten years, the embryonic Japanese automobile market was almost monopolized by the three major American automobile companies. However, American auto companies have also brought technology and manufacturing management experience to the Japanese auto market.

  Looking closely at the development history of Japanese automobile industry, the government’s protection policy is essential. In 1936, Japan promulgated the Automobile Manufacturing Law, which prohibited foreign automobile companies from entering Japan, and Ford and GM were forced to withdraw. However, Japanese local car companies are increasing day by day, and today’s global champion Toyota Motor was established in 1937.

  The early development of Japanese car companies was mainly based on imitation. Toyota’s early AA cars and SA cars were based on Chrysler Airflow and Volkswagen Beetle.

  In order to avoid the impact of imported cars from Europe and the United States, since 1951, the Japanese government has also set high tariff barriers on imported cars, while strictly prohibiting overseas capital from directly investing in the Japanese automobile industry. The protection policy is superimposed on the popularity of local automobile consumption brought by Japan’s economic prosperity. Since the 1960s, Japan’s automobile industry has risen rapidly, and the local sales volume has jumped from 400,000 vehicles in 1960 to 4 million vehicles in 1970, achieving a tenfold high-speed growth. In 1966, Japan’s automobile production surpassed that of Britain and squeezed into the top three positions in the world.

  The second take-off of Japanese cars benefited from two oil crises. In the 1970s, Japanese cars were not satisfied with the local market and began to expand overseas. At this time, it coincided with the soaring oil price, and the price of crude oil rose from $3.3/barrel in 1973 to $36.8/barrel in 1980. The economical and fuel-efficient characteristics of Japanese cars made them popular all over the world, and opened up the American market advocating high horsepower in one fell swoop. Coupled with the cost reduction brought by lean manufacturing, Japan’s total automobile output exceeded 11 million in 1980, surpassing the United States to become the largest automobile producer and exporter.

  Since then, in order to avoid trade friction and further reduce production costs, Japan has replaced the simple export trade model by setting up factories overseas to directly produce or assemble cars. By 2015, the overseas production scale of Japanese cars has reached 18.09 million, almost twice that of domestic 9.28 million.

  In Japan, the semiconductor and home appliance industries have not lagged behind one after another, and the automobile industry is very important to Japan. At present, it is the largest pillar industry in Japan, accounting for about 10% of Japan’s total GDP and 40%~50% of its industrial output value. There are 78 factories in 22 prefectures and counties in Japan, with more than 5.5 million related employees.

  At the same time, with the development of Japan’s automobile industry, the consumption concept that used to be proud of owning an American car has already changed. The Japanese auto market has become a "forbidden place to import", and over 90% of the local market share has been occupied by Japanese auto companies. In 2023, the top ten automobile sales in Japan were all Japanese brands, including Toyota, Suzuki, Daihatsu, Honda and Nissan, among which a single Toyota brand occupied 26.5% of the market. In addition to local brands, there are almost only European brands that can be seen on Japanese streets, such as Mercedes-Benz, BMW, Volkswagen and Volvo.

  Traditional fuel vehicles have made Japan’s automobile industry, but Japanese cars have also generated great inertia, which makes it difficult for them to "turn around like an elephant" in the face of global automobile electrification transformation.

  Trapped in the transformation of new energy sources

  "There is almost no publicity about new energy vehicles on traditional communication platforms such as TV and mailbox." An international student who has lived in Japan for a long time told reporters that the information of trams will only appear on the Internet, which is very fragmented compared with the domestic situation.

  According to Rho Motion, a market research company, the global sales of electric vehicles in 2023 was about 13.6 million, up 31% year-on-year, of which 9.5 million were pure electric vehicles. In terms of market, the sales volume of new energy vehicles in China reached 9.495 million, accounting for nearly 70% of the global market. In Japanese market, the sales volume of new energy vehicles is less than a fraction of that of China market. In 2023, the sales volume of pure electric vehicles just exceeded 20,000.

  As a big automobile country, Japan is not only a "forbidden place for import" but also a "forbidden place for new energy". There are almost no electric cars on the road, and even Tesla Model Y, whose sales volume won the championship for the first time in 2023, has to be defeated in the Japanese market. In 2021, Tesla sold a total of 5,200 cars in Japan and only 1,900 cars in 2020.

  Tesla’s difficulty in selling in Japan can also be seen from the price of Model Y in Japan, which is almost second only to China, the world’s most "rolled" new energy market.

  "Japan has accumulated nearly a hundred years in the traditional internal combustion engine track, and it has achieved today’s achievements. Once you turn around and turn to new energy vehicles, it will involve more than 5 million families. This is not only a problem in the automobile industry, but also a social problem. " A Japanese car dealer investor told reporters.

  Akio Toyoda has repeatedly stressed the unemployment cost caused by Japan’s automobile transformation. Earlier, Akio Toyoda declared that if Japan began to implement the "carbon neutral" plan focusing on electric vehicles, Japan would lose 5.5 million jobs and 8 million new car production capacity by 2030.

  Wang Li told reporters that Aichi Prefecture in Nagoya is the location of a famous Japanese automobile industry cluster, where hundreds of Toyota parts suppliers gather. Once the electric vehicles are transformed, the whereabouts of these suppliers and local industries in Aichi Prefecture will be a big problem.

  On the other hand, Japanese car companies headed by Toyota have repeatedly missed the electrification technology tree, which has further delayed its transformation process. In fact, it is not too late for Japanese cars to develop and explore new energy sources. Japan is one of the earliest countries to lay out batteries. As early as the 1990s, Japan had the first generation of "Big Three" composed of Panasonic, Sanyo and Sony. By the beginning of the 21st century, Japanese companies have produced nearly 90% of the world’s consumer lithium batteries. In 1997, Toyota introduced the world’s first mass-produced hybrid Prius, and in 2010, Nissan listed the world’s first mass-produced LEAF for pure electric vehicles.

  But around 2010, Japanese auto giants headed by Toyota once believed that hydrogen fuel cell vehicles were the future. Mirai hydrogen fuel cell model launched by Toyota in 2014 is a representative event. Akio Toyoda has repeatedly "advocated" that lithium battery electric vehicles are not really clean energy, and the real new energy vehicles are actually hydrogen fuel cell vehicles. He believes that the world’s mainstream optimism about electric vehicles is likely to be a misunderstanding.

  This concept makes the Japanese battery industry chain bet on hydrogen fuel cells, but ignores the investment in lithium-ion power batteries. Because of this, Japanese cars missed the first half of the development of global electric vehicles.

  At present, the patent share of Japanese car giants represented by Toyota in the field of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles exceeds 74%, and it involves core fields. However, only technology has no market, and hydrogen fuel cell vehicles simply cannot stand on their feet. By the end of 2022, the total number of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles in major countries in the world was 67,315, of which only 8,150 were in Japan.

  "There is a hydrogen refueling station within one kilometer of my home, so I can occasionally see several hydrogen fuel cell cars, which are basically not seen in other places." Wang Li said.

  Based on this, the above-mentioned investors told reporters that there are very few choices of electric vehicles in the Japanese auto market, and ordinary consumers have little knowledge of electric vehicles. The new energy vehicle market has not been cultivated at all.

  Foreign brands take advantage of the situation to attack

  However, the wheel of the times is rolling forward, and many countries around the world have identified electrification as the main direction of new energy vehicle reform in the future. The Japanese government, which was hesitant, also set the goal of "no burning" in early 2021, and announced that by 2035, 100% of the new cars sold will be electric vehicles.

  In terms of subsidies for consumers to buy cars, Japan has also raised the maximum subsidy for pure electric vehicles from 400,000 yen to 800,000 yen, for plug-in hybrid vehicles from 200,000 yen to 400,000 yen, and for hydrogen fuel cell vehicles from 2.25 million yen to 2.5 million yen.

  With the support of policies, the reporter learned from the consulting firm Kearney that the Japanese market is expected to turn to electric vehicles steadily in the future. By 2025, the penetration rate of electric vehicles (including pure electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles) will increase from 3% in 2021 to 8%, and further increase to 35% in 2035, when the global penetration rate of electric vehicles is expected to reach 27%.

  In this context, foreign brands are gradually knocking on the door of Japan, a "forbidden place for imports", through new energy sources. Tesla opened the first local delivery center in Tokyo, Japan in November 2021 and began to deliver Model 3. In September 2022, Tesla officially announced that its current best-selling model Model Y has also landed in the Japanese market and opened a reservation.

  BYD also officially entered the Japanese market on July 21st, 2022, becoming the second China automobile brand to enter Japan after FAW Hongqi.

  "BYD’s entry into the Japanese passenger car market is a trend." BYD told the First Financial Reporter that on the one hand, the penetration of new energy vehicles in Japan is low, which shows from the side that there are still huge growth potential and industry opportunities in the Japanese electric vehicle market, and the Japanese government is committed to promoting automobile electrification, providing certain car purchase subsidies for electric vehicles, and actively encouraging more enterprises to participate in the construction of charging facilities. On the other hand, BYD has a good market base and brand base in Japan. In 1999, BYD started to serve Japanese customers with rechargeable batteries. Subsequently, BYD’s pure electric commercial vehicles, energy storage and other businesses were successfully carried out in Japan, accumulating a good market foundation and brand foundation.

  So far, BYD has opened 17 stores in Japan, distributed in Tokyo, Yokohama, Nagoya, Fukuoka and other places, and plans to open more than 100 stores in Japan by the end of 2025. At present, BYD has listed BYD ATTO 3 and BYD DOLPHIN in Japan, and will soon launch BYD SEAL and other products.

  Previously, according to Japanese media reports, I took a fancy to Japan’s huge K-car market. SAIC-GM-Wuling also investigated the Japanese market and planned to introduce Hongguang MINI EV into sales. Because of the narrow roads in Japan and the limited parking space resources in Japan, mini-cars have been selling very well in Japan, and Hongguang MINI EV is expected to sell much cheaper in Japan than mini-cars made by local Japanese companies. But for some reason, SAIC-GM-Wuling has not officially announced its entry into the Japanese market.

  Although the absolute value of electric vehicle sales of foreign manufacturers in Japan is still very small, the year-on-year growth rate is very fast. In 2022, the sales of pure electric vehicles by foreign manufacturers in Japan exceeded 10,000 vehicles for the first time, and in 2023, the data exceeded 20,000 vehicles. The proportion of pure electric vehicles imported by foreign manufacturers also reached a new high, reaching 9.2%. Among them, BYD delivered 1,237 vehicles in Japan in the first year.

  Compared with the total sales of more than 3 million vehicles in the whole year, BYD’s sales in Japan are almost negligible, but Chairman Wang Chuanfu attaches great importance to the Japanese market. According to relevant reports, in October 2023, Wang Chuanfu personally attended a dealer meeting in the port area of Tokyo. Recently, BYD Japanese dealers also came to Shenzhen for communication.

  For the arrival of BYD, the largest publishing house in Japan, Nikkei BP, also dismantled the seal of BYD, and published a book, including BYD’s 3.0 platform, Sandian, CTB battery pack and body structure integration, etc., and the price was as high as 880,000 yen (equivalent to 43,000 yuan).

  On the contrary, Japanese cars have gradually lost power in China, the fastest-growing new energy market. In 2023, the share of Japanese brands in China market fell to 17%, the lowest level in three years, and in 2020, it was 24.1%. In terms of brands, Toyota’s sales in China in 2023 was 1,907,600 units, a year-on-year decrease of 1.7%; Nissan’s sales in China were 793,800 units, down 24% year-on-year; Honda’s sales in China were 1,234,200 vehicles, down 10.1% year-on-year.

  Will there be a "Nokia moment"?

  On December 17, 2020, at the year-end press conference of Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association, Akio Toyoda, as the president, publicly "shelled" electric vehicles, saying that electric vehicles were over-hyped. He believed that with the advent of the electric vehicle revolution, many enterprises would die, many investments would be wasted, and more carbon dioxide would be released in this process.

  When such remarks came out, it triggered a lot of discussion in the industry. On December 21st of that year, He Xiaopeng, chairman of Xpeng Motors, forwarded the above remarks and wrote a story about Microsoft’s acquisition of Nokia, implying that Toyota was compared to Nokia in the era of smart phones.

  Previously, there has been a discussion in the industry about whether traditional car companies will be subverted like Nokia. The sales of new energy vehicles are growing rapidly, eroding the basic disk of traditional fuel vehicles, which also makes many traditional car companies more and more anxious. Tesla CEO Musk, who holds a completely opposite view to Akio Toyoda, warned that if traditional car companies do not quickly transform into electric vehicles, they will be eliminated, just as Kodak, the film giant of that year, was abandoned by the digital age.

  In this context, China’s new energy vehicles are not only entering the Japanese domestic market, but also entering the Southeast Asian market occupied by Japanese cars.

  Climate Group, an international non-profit climate group, once published an independent report saying that if Japan cannot switch to pure electric vehicles in time, it will lose half of its automobile exports and 1.72 million jobs by 2030; By 2040, it will lose 14% of GDP and 80 trillion yen in profits (equivalent to 3.88 trillion yuan).

  However, it is worth noting that although Japanese cars have suffered setbacks in China market, they have prospered in other markets, especially the achievements of Japanese cars in 2023 have given them more confidence in resisting electric vehicles. In terms of sales volume, Toyota is still the overlord in the era of fuel vehicles. In 2023, the global sales volume is expected to reach 10.65 million units, ranking first in the world for four consecutive years. In terms of financial performance, Toyota expects that in the latest fiscal year ending in March this year, the company’s consolidated operating profit will increase by more than 60% year-on-year, reaching 4.5 trillion yen (about 30.5 billion US dollars). If realized, Toyota will become the first Japanese company with an operating profit of more than 4 trillion yen. In terms of the company’s market value, on the day when Akio Toyoda "shelled" electric vehicles, Toyota’s closing market value was fixed at 48.7 trillion yen (about 328.8 billion US dollars), making it the company with the highest market value in Japanese history.

  In addition to Toyota, in the third quarter of 2023, Honda’s net profit also reached 253.2 billion yen, a year-on-year increase of 34%; Nissan’s net profit was 190.7 billion yen, up 173.3% year-on-year.

  For Japanese cars, the global market for traditional fuel vehicles is still large enough. However, in order to cope with the trend of electrification in the future, Japanese car companies such as Toyota have to be wrapped up in transformation, although electric vehicles are bombarded every three to five times. In May last year, Toyota announced that it would invest 5 trillion yen in related fields of pure electric vehicles (EV) by 2030, which increased by 1 trillion yen on the previous plan. Honda, which is famous for its engine technology, has formulated the most radical electrification strategy among the "top three Japanese companies", that is, only electric vehicles will be sold in the global market by 2040. Among them, in the China market, Honda will not launch new fuel vehicles by 2030, and 100% of new car sales will be pure electric vehicles by 2035.

  On January 29th, Nissan Motor Co., Ltd. also announced that it will independently produce lithium iron phosphate batteries that do not use expensive materials such as nickel, and strive to be installed in pure electric vehicles launched by emerging countries after 2026. Nissan’s move is intended to reduce the cost of batteries by 20-30%, reduce the price of pure electric vehicles, and accelerate the popularization in emerging market countries.

  "In terms of market share of power battery, a key component of electric vehicles, Japan has been left far behind by China and South Korea. If Japan wants to play a’ turnaround’, it is necessary to see the next generation of battery technology. " Hu Qichao, founder and CEO of SESI Corporation (SES), which focuses on mixed lithium metal batteries, pointed out to the First Financial Reporter.

  At present, in the transformation of new energy vehicles, Japanese cars still hold two cards, namely solid-state batteries and hydrogen fuel cells. Solid-state battery has always been regarded as the next generation battery technology for electric vehicles. The First Financial Reporter learned from the global patent database of Wisdom Bud that Japan is in a leading position in terms of technology source and layout. In terms of patent distribution, Japan accounts for about 30.4% of the global total, followed by China, the United States, Europe and South Korea, accounting for about 26.2%, 14.4%, 5.2% and 3.9% respectively.

  Toyota also regards the solid-state battery, whose energy density is expected to be greatly increased, as the key to overtaking in the curve on the electrified track. Investors’ high expectations for the commercialization of solid-state batteries and taking advantage of hydrogen fuel cells have also supported Toyota’s share price rise this year.

  For the Japanese automobile empire, which relies heavily on the traditional internal combustion engine, some people think that it is only the afterglow of the sunset, but some people also point out that it is sober under the fanatical transformation. Zhu Huarong, chairman of Chang ‘an Group, mentioned not long ago that foreign brands are waiting for the best opportunity. Once they are transformed, with the resources they have and the global market, their rise cannot be underestimated.

  In 2023, the global automobile sales will be between 79 million and 81 million, and the new energy penetration rate will be around 17%, while the new energy penetration rate in the global market except China will be only around 8%. It is foreseeable that the end of the automotive electrification reform has not yet come, and it will still be a protracted war.

TOP200 list of sales of real estate enterprises in China in 2019

Source: real estate people’s words
☉ Wen/Kerui Research Center
List revision instructions
This year is the 11th year that Kerui compiled the sales list of China real estate enterprises, from the initial TOP20 to TOP50, TOP100 and TOP200;; From the single sales list to the launch of the trading list representing trading ability and the equity list of investment ability, we have been truly, rigorously and fairly recording the industry changes, pattern evolution and model innovation in the past 10 years.
Since January 2019, on the basis of the original sales flow list and equity list, we have added a sales full-caliber list. Full-scale sales refers to the statistical method that all projects of enterprise groups and joint ventures and associated companies are included in the performance, regardless of the proportion of equity and whether they are trading. Because the agent construction belongs to the export management behavior, the sales performance generated by the agent construction is not included in the full-caliber list data. The full-caliber list reflects the enterprise’s urban layout and project expansion ability.
The trading list is based on enterprise trading, that is, if a project is jointly developed by a number of housing enterprises, the performance of the project is only classified as trading enterprises. It reflects the marketing and trading ability of the enterprise, and the sales performance generated by the enterprise’s agent construction is included in the statistics of trading caliber.
The equity list is based on the proportion of corporate equity, that is, if a project cooperates with a number of housing enterprises, the performance of the project will be included in the corresponding enterprises according to the proportion of equity. It reflects the financial strength and investment ability of the enterprise. (Note: The data of equity caliber does not include the equity of the parent company and related parties, and the employee’s follow-up investment)
In view of the fact that most listed real estate enterprises have changed the caliber of performance announcement from consolidated statement to full caliber, readers who need to compare with the data released by listed companies can refer to the full caliber list.
List interpretation
In 2019, the cumulative equity sales amount of TOP100 real estate enterprises increased by 6.5% year-on-year, far less than 40.5% in 2017 and 35.1% in 2018. By the end of December, most large-scale housing enterprises have achieved their annual performance targets, but the overall overfulfilled rate is not as good as that in 2016 and 2017.
On the whole, the market environment for the industry to maintain long-term and stable development has become clear. It is expected that the overall scale growth of enterprises will continue to rise steadily in 2020, and the differentiation pattern within the top 100 housing enterprises will also be continued. While the sales threshold of real estate enterprises in each echelon is further improved and the competition is intensified, TOP30 will become an important watershed for scale development.
01
Overall performance: the growth rate of the industry slowed down significantly.
Better performance in the second and fourth quarters
In 2019, with the central government’s clear goal of "stabilizing land prices, stabilizing housing prices and stabilizing expectations", market regulation tends to be normalized, the credit level gradually tightens, and the real estate market develops steadily and healthily. As of the end of December, the cumulative equity sales amount of TOP100 real estate enterprises increased by 6.5% year-on-year, which was less than 40.5% in 2017 and 35.1% in 2018. The growth rate of the overall scale of the industry has slowed down significantly compared with the previous two years, and the growth of the top 100 housing enterprises has "stalled".
Judging from the annual performance trend, the overall sales performance of the top 100 real estate enterprises in the second and fourth quarters of this year was better, and the scale of equity sales increased by 7.5% and 11.7% respectively compared with the same period of last year. Among them, the "Xiaoyangchun" market in the first and second quarters, especially in March and April, increased the market enthusiasm, and the monthly year-on-year growth rate rebounded significantly from the beginning of the year. After the second half of the year, enterprises increased their supply, and the year-on-year growth rate of performance also showed a rebound trend. Especially since September, it has coincided with the peak of supply at the end of the year, and the performance of enterprises has stabilized and rebounded under the promotion of both pushing and marketing efforts.
But on the whole, the real market situation is not as optimistic as the growth rate of corporate performance. At present, the market pressure of chemical industry still exists, and the overall chemical industry rate is still relatively low. Judging from the push and de-transformation of real estate enterprises throughout the year, the average single-plate production capacity of large-scale real estate enterprises in 2019 decreased compared with that in 2018, and the performance growth mainly depended on the increase in the number of projects on sale.
02
Concentration: echelon differentiation pattern intensifies
TOP30 scale development watershed
By the end of 2019, the concentration of equity sales amount of TOP3, TOP10, TOP30, TOP50 and TOP100 housing enterprises had reached nearly 9.5%, 21.4%, 35.7%, 43.5% and 53% respectively. In terms of echelons, while the overall growth rate of the industry has slowed down, the differentiation pattern of housing enterprises in the top 100 echelons has intensified.
Among them, the scale growth of leading real estate enterprises slowed down and the concentration decreased slightly under the strategy of improving quality control speed. TOP4-10, TOP11-20 echelon scale enterprises have increased in concentration, and echelon competition has intensified, while the concentration of TOP21-30 echelon housing enterprises is basically the same. On the whole, TOP30 echelon housing enterprises benefit from the scale effect, national layout and relatively mature internal control mechanism, and have more industry competitiveness and room for further improvement in the future. With the rapid accumulation of resources in the real estate market to advantageous enterprises, TOP30 housing enterprises have become a watershed in the scale development of housing enterprises.
It is worth noting that after TOP30 in 2019, the concentration of housing enterprises in each echelon showed a downward trend compared with that in 2018. The concentration of the TOP31-50, TOP51-100 and TOP101-200 echelons has declined, and the internal rankings of the echelons will change more frequently as the competition pattern further intensifies.
03
Threshold for listing: amount of equity of TOP100 housing enterprises
The threshold has dropped, and the expansion of 100 billion housing enterprises has slowed down.
In 2019, the threshold of equity sales amount of real estate enterprises in each echelon of TOP50 increased slightly compared with the same period of last year. Among them, the threshold of the equity amount of TOP10 housing enterprises reached 170.35 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 5.8%. The threshold of equity amount of TOP20 and TOP30 real estate enterprises is 111 billion yuan and 82.52 billion yuan respectively, and the threshold increase is 12% and 3.6% respectively. The competition pattern of TOP50 housing enterprises has intensified, and the threshold of equity amount has increased by 7.6% compared with the same period of last year to 51.71 billion yuan. By the end of December, the threshold of the equity amount of TOP100 enterprises in each echelon was reduced from 20.4 billion yuan last year to 18.78 billion yuan, while the threshold of TOP200 enterprises remained at around 6 billion yuan.
In addition, by the end of 2019, the number of full-caliber 100 billion housing enterprises increased by only 4 to 34 compared with the same period of last year, and the number of housing enterprises with a scale of 50-100 billion reached 33. Compared with the high increase in the previous two years, in 2019, under the background of slowing down the growth rate of the industry scale, the number of newly added 100 billion housing enterprises dropped significantly, and the expansion of large-scale housing enterprises slowed down.
04
Corporate performance: the leading housing enterprises grew steadily.
Evergrande ranked first in the equity list.
By the end of 2019, the full-caliber sales of the four leading real estate enterprises had exceeded 550 billion yuan, but the growth rate slowed down significantly compared with the same period in 2018. Among TOP4 housing enterprises, Evergrande achieved remarkable results through price reduction promotion in September and October, especially in October, when it achieved a monthly performance of 90.3 billion yuan. By the end of the year, the accumulated sales amount of full caliber was 608 billion yuan, exceeding the annual target of 600 billion yuan for the whole year, and the scale of equity sales ranked first in the industry.
Sunac, on the other hand, broke through 500 billion yuan for the first time by virtue of its merger and acquisition advantages, abundant sales volume and high-quality product quality, and its monthly sales for three consecutive months from September to November remained above 60 billion yuan. In 2019, the total sales amount of full caliber was 555.63 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of over 20%, which exceeded the annual sales target of 550 billion yuan. It is worth noting that, in addition to TOP4 housing enterprises, Poly is also close behind, and its full-scale performance this year exceeds 470 billion yuan.
05
Target completion rate: the vast majority of housing enterprises
Achieve the annual target as scheduled
Judging from the completion of corporate goals in 2019, most housing enterprises that set performance targets during the year have achieved their annual performance targets. Among them, 9 housing enterprises such as Shimao, Longhu, Sunshine City, Jinke, Zhongliang, Yuzhou and Baolong performed well, and completed the annual target ahead of schedule as early as November. By the end of December, the target completion rates of eight real estate enterprises, including Shimao, Sunshine City, Jinke, Zhongliang, Zhongjun and Jianye, were all above 115%.
On the whole, however, in recent years, regulation and control have continued, the overall market turnover rate is less than expected, and the target completion rate of housing enterprises has been decreasing year by year. Compared with 2016 and 2017, the target completion rate of nearly 80% of housing enterprises exceeded 110%, and the number of housing enterprises in this area decreased significantly in 2019. This year, the target completion rate of only half of housing enterprises is concentrated between 100% and 110%. We believe that under the background that the overall target growth rate of housing enterprises has slowed down and the average target growth rate has dropped from 41% in 2018 to 20%, although most housing enterprises have achieved their annual performance targets in 2019, their overall performance is not as good as that in 2016 and 2017.
06
Quality of growth: increased cooperation and decreased rights and interests.
The high-quality growth of enterprises should be paid more attention.
As can be seen from the data of the equity list, the overall project cooperation in the industry has increased in recent years, and the equity ratio of the sales amount of TOP100 housing enterprises has dropped from 85% in 2016 to about 75% at present. On the one hand, under the current industry background of high land price, tight funds for housing enterprises, increasing difficulty in land acquisition and development risks, cooperative development between housing enterprises has become the norm. On the other hand, under the current market background, more small-scale enterprises choose to expand the full-scale performance scale through cooperative development, and the overall equity ratio is correspondingly reduced.
However, we believe that in recent years, under the industry development trend of continuous policy regulation, slow growth of enterprise scale, leading real estate enterprises improving quality control speed and pursuing high-quality growth, the era of real estate enterprises blindly pursuing full-caliber sales scale has passed. Based on the increase of current project cooperation, the caliber of sales manipulation and equity can better reflect the marketing, operation and investment capabilities of enterprises, and should be paid more attention. For example, Country Garden, China Resources, Sunshine City, R&F, Kaisa and other enterprises all choose to disclose their equity performance, which also shows that their management has paid more attention to the high-quality growth of their performance while developing their scale.
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Outlook: Enterprise Development Outlook in 2020
Looking forward to 2020, the main tone of the central government’s policy of "housing without speculation and keeping the word steady" will not change, and the central government will also strictly control financial risks. Stability will remain the top priority of real estate policy regulation in the next stage. At the enterprise level, although the overall market is under pressure, the environment for the industry to maintain long-term stable development has become clear. It is expected that the overall scale growth of large-scale housing enterprises will enter a stable period in the future. In the market adjustment period, the financing environment of housing enterprises will continue to operate at a low level, and corporate investment will remain cautious. In addition, with the return of residential products to the essence of living, more housing enterprises will exert their efforts from the product side in the future to enhance the competitiveness of their products through standardized product systems, refined products and intelligent construction.
Market: financial control, risk prevention and stability are the main tone.
Judging from the trend of industrial policies, the main tone of the central government’s "staying in the house without speculation, keeping the word steady" will not change in 2020, and stability will remain the top priority of real estate regulation and control policies in the next stage. On the one hand, the real estate industry is the most important area of deleveraging at this stage, and the central government will control financial risks to ensure that systematic financial risks do not occur. Monetary policy will be moderately tight to avoid flooding, but structural easing is expected. At the same time, with the downward movement of LPR interest rate center, the mortgage interest rate will also decrease steadily. On the other hand, local regulation will remain "loose outside and tight inside", the new talent policy will continue to exert its strength, and the "four limits" regulation will be partially relaxed, but the overall policy environment will continue to be tight.
Based on this, the overall transaction scale in 2020 is expected to be the same as this year or slightly increase, and the market of cities with different energy levels will be relatively independent. The property market in first-tier cities is expected to heat up slightly, while the overall stability of second-tier cities will continue, and the callback pressure will mainly focus on most third-and fourth-tier cities with serious overdraft demand in the early stage and lack of fundamental support. On the other hand, the investment in real estate development will keep a steady and slightly declining trend, and the acceleration of construction and completion will provide solid support for it. The cumulative growth rate of newly started area will gradually decline. Due to the tight capital and low base, the growth rate of land acquisition area will continue to rise, but the growth rate is relatively limited.
Performance: the scale growth tends to be stable, and the high-quality development of enterprises is the key.
Although the overall market pressure will be reduced in 2019, the market environment for the industry to maintain long-term stable development has become clear. It is expected that the overall scale growth of enterprises will enter a stable period in 2020, and the overall growth will remain stable. At the same time, the competition among echelon housing enterprises in the top 100 will intensify, and the differentiation pattern will also continue. Under such an industry background and competitive pattern, the strategy of housing enterprises should be based on prudence and stability. For housing enterprises, preventing risks and better adapting to market adjustment are the top priority.
At present, the era of housing enterprises blindly pursuing full-caliber sales scale has passed, and the development focus of enterprises has gradually shifted from "increment" to "quality improvement". While the overall target growth rate of housing enterprises is slowing down, the industry will also pay more attention to the high-quality growth of performance. In the context of market pressure, the growth of enterprise sales scale can not simply depend on the increase of supply, and the fierce industry competition in the future will put forward higher requirements for the organization, control and operation of housing enterprises themselves. Urban layout, brand effect, project quality and product strength will all be important components of the future core competitiveness of housing enterprises.
Investment: cash is king, and new investment continues to be cautious.
In 2020, the investment of housing enterprises will remain cautious, and differentiation, focus and prudence are the main themes. First of all, under the background of loose policies and tight financing, the cash pressure of most enterprises has increased sharply. It is expected that the investment attitude of enterprises will continue the conservative trend in the past two years, and land acquisition will return to rationality. Secondly, as the land market cools down and the comparable land price tends to fall, the land market in different cities may be divided, and some cities with "the bottom line has not fallen and is expected to decline" may make concessions under local financial pressure. On the whole, the overall investment rhythm in 2020 will show a situation of "loose before and tight after". If the land acquired before the year can be listed within the year, it will still be attractive to enterprises with high turnover.
In the choice of cities, contraction, focus and regional deep cultivation will be the main strategic directions for the future layout of housing enterprises. In 2020, we should focus on first-and second-tier cities and provincial capital cities with rebounding market. In the choice of third-and fourth-tier cities, we should avoid full coverage and excessive sinking, be alert to the irrational rise of land prices and serious population loss in the early stage, and focus on the third-and fourth-tier cities with industrial support under the dividend of the city circle, such as the integration of the Yangtze River Delta and the satellite cities in Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area. From the perspective of rotation, after a wave of adjustment in the third-and fourth-tier cities around the core of these rings, the future development prospects are still huge under the impetus of urban agglomeration and urban agglomeration dividends.
Financing: The financing environment is low, and the hematopoietic capacity of the enterprise itself is the key.
After the first quarter of 2019, the financing environment of housing enterprises is basically at the bottom, and the financing difficulty of housing enterprises has increased significantly after the window period. It is expected that the financing of housing enterprises will remain at a low level in the short term. From the perspective of financing costs, the financing costs of most enterprises are rising in 2019, mainly because the financing costs at home and abroad, especially the cost of issuing bonds abroad, continue to rise. And affected by the continuous increase of domestic financing restrictions, the proportion of overseas financing of enterprises has also continued to increase. It is expected that the financing cost of housing enterprises will continue to remain at a high level in the future.
In terms of financing channels, traditional financing channels such as trust loans, bank loans, corporate bonds and overseas debts are subject to more and more restrictions. Although the financing scale of asset securitization products has increased, it is still limited for the overall financing relief of housing enterprises. On the other hand, although the listing fever continued in 2019, the number of newly listed real estate enterprises continued to remain at a high level. But for housing enterprises, listing does not mean that it is a matter of course. From the perspective of long-term development, how to improve the repayment ability of enterprises, optimize their own financial structure, achieve high-quality development, and gain recognition from the capital market determines the ultimate benefit of housing enterprises’ listing.
Products: The housing returns to the essence of living, and the era of product bonus is coming.
At present, most large-scale housing enterprises have begun to cultivate deeply after completing the national layout, and the product war of housing enterprises has begun. As residential products begin to return to the essence of living, more housing enterprises will exert their strength from the product side and seek profit increase by creating product premiums. We believe that the product development of real estate enterprises in the future will have the following major trends:
First of all, more and more housing enterprises will focus on the standardization of product systems and promote the digital application of real estate. While strengthening the collaborative mechanism, we will further improve work efficiency and empower data-driven decision-making and production integration. Secondly, the change of customer demand accelerates the spatial innovation of residential units, and the customization and refinement of residential products will become a trend in the future. In the future, the continuous release of demand for diversification and improvement will force housing enterprises to accelerate the spatial innovation and refined development of product units. Third, in the pursuit of a better life, buyers’ measurement of living experience will gradually extend from the apartment type itself to the construction and operation of residential community space. The construction and operation of residential community space will also become one of the main selling points of future housing projects. Finally, with the increasing number of young buyers, the acceptance and recognition of intelligence will also be significantly improved. With the help of science and technology, smart homes and smart communities will be more used in projects, and the wave of product intelligence will continue.
Diversification: strategic convergence and focus, with real estate business as the axis extension.
In recent years, many large-scale housing enterprises have contracted diversified businesses and focused on the development of their main businesses through strategic adjustment. In the future, the overall diversification strategy of enterprises will become more cautious. On the one hand, it is difficult for some housing enterprises to find a suitable profit model for their diversified businesses, and the input-output efficiency is less than expected, thus dragging down the overall development of enterprises. Timely divestiture is a reasonable choice under the strategic contraction of housing enterprises. On the other hand, in the process of continuous exploration and trial and error of diversified business development, housing enterprises will pay more attention to tapping the potential of strong business, realize the effective allocation of resources, strengthen the focus and give play to their strong advantages. The diversified business of enterprises will still focus on the ecological business of real estate, with a clearer development direction and closer synergy with the main business of real estate.
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The exposure of the new Volkswagen Golf Real Car Map is equipped with a light mixing system.

A few days ago, the Tram House was informed of a set of pictures of the new Volkswagen Golf. It is reported that the new car will be listed in the near future. In terms of power, the car will be equipped with a light mixing system, so it will also have a good performance in fuel saving.

In terms of appearance, the new Volkswagen Golf has been fine-tuned, and decorative strips have been added to the front face, making the layering more full. In addition, the shape of the light group of the new car has been optimized, and the running light belt has effectively improved the exquisiteness of the vehicle.

The side body continues to be consistent with the current model. It is worth noting that the golf GTI model will add petal-shaped rims, and the recognition and fashion sense are improved compared with the current models.

In terms of interior, the new golf will be equipped with a larger central control screen, and a 12.9-inch or 15-inch OLED central control screen will be provided depending on the configuration. The size of the LCD instrument is still 10.25 inches, and the integration of vehicle information is more comprehensive.

In terms of power, the new golf regular version will be equipped with a 1.5T four-cylinder engine and a light mixing system, and the GTI model will be equipped with a 2.0T high-power engine.

Source: Tram House https://www.zhev.com.cn/news/show-1657894645.html

26 Spring Festival travel rush never missed the last Spring Festival travel rush of the old captain who only had a reunion dinner with his family once.

This year, Li Jing, the captain of Chongqing Airlines, welcomed his "last Spring Festival travel rush".
After flying for 42 years, he has accumulated 24,277 hours of safe flight and 10,568 ups and downs. A string of figures is full of his love for the blue sky.
He was awarded the third class in flight safety, and was also the teacher of Zhai Zhigang, the first person in China spacewalk … Behind these honors, there was a vacancy in the reunion dinner table on New Year’s Eve.
But in his eyes, it is worthwhile to watch more people go home safely.
"The First Man in China’s Space Walk" was his student.
Li Jing, a 59-year-old veteran pilot, has 42 years of flying experience, accumulated 24,277 hours of safe flight, 10,568 landings and 730 hours of simulator mission. This year is his last Spring Festival travel rush, and he will officially retire in May.
As a civil aviation official, Li Jing can be said to have witnessed the development of civil aviation in China.
He dreamed of flying since he was a child. In order to pursue his dream, he entered the No.2 Air Pre-school College at the age of 18, and then entered the No.2 Air Pre-school Flight Academy through layer-by-layer selection. At the age of 31, he went to the No.17 Aviation Division to teach six, five and six aircraft. Zhai Zhigang, the "first person to walk in space in China", was his student.
After the Air Force retired in 1993, she worked as a civil aviation pilot. In 2009, she joined Chongqing Airlines. During her flight career, Li Jing experienced various types of aircraft upgrades. During his service in the army, he flew over the sixth, fifth and sixth junior high schools. After he was discharged from the army and worked as a civil aviation pilot, he began to fly Yun -7, McDonnell Douglas MD-82 and now Airbus 320.
"At that time, flying was a very foreign thing, and there were only a few people who could afford to fly." Li Jingxiao said that the earliest Yun -7 had only 46 seats, and there were more than 100 seats in McDonnell Douglas MD-82, and there were not many passengers in Spring Festival travel rush. Now, with the economic development and the improvement of people’s living standards, flying has become a very common thing. Nowadays, there are more and more aircraft types, and the facilities and equipment on board are getting better and better.
Twenty-six Spring Festival travel rush only had a reunion dinner with their families once.
Li Jing’s wife and children are civil aviation people, so they usually spend less time together. In his memory, in 26 Spring Festival travel rush, he had a reunion dinner with his family only once on New Year’s Eve.
He is never absent from Spring Festival travel rush every year, and every flight experience is vivid in his mind.
He still remembers that when flying a flight from Dalian to Chengdu in 1998, a passenger suddenly fainted due to physical discomfort. After seeking medical treatment in the cabin, he decisively returned to Taiyuan for medical treatment, so that the passengers turned the corner.
In 2007, on the flight from Beijing to Chengdu, the plane just took off and encountered an unexpected situation. In the absence of instructions on descent and location, he relied on experience and manual operation to let 150 passengers return safely.
Because of her exquisite flying skills and serious and responsible work, Li Jing has successively performed many special flying tasks such as complex routes, military transportation and urgent charter flights.
"As a civil aviation person, it is common for us not to go home for the New Year, and we are used to it." Li Jing said it lightly, but it contained a love for the cause.
Meticulous work, flying for 42 years, zero mistakes
"Pass it on with your own strength and help each other with your own strength." As a flight instructor, Li Jing also perfectly explains what it means to be a teacher. Attend meetings and trainings on time, treat work strictly, and be realistic.
"I have been flying for 42 years without a mistake, which is very admirable." Jin Hongzhi, the captain who has been working with him for a long time, said that Captain Li Jing taught him what he had learned without reservation, which saved him a lot of detours in his study.
On February 3rd, Li Jing ushered in the first flying flight in Spring Festival travel rush this year, Chongqing-Hengyang-Fuzhou OQ2351. At 13:20 pm, the crew held a flight preparation meeting as usual, looked at the weather data, flight route and other information on the day of the flight, and made advance plans for possible problems during the flight before taking off.
Li Jing has held countless preparatory meetings like this over the years, but he still treats each meeting meticulously.
After the meeting, the crew members go to the physical examination room for physical examination, which is an essential link for each pilot before boarding the plane. By measuring blood pressure and alcohol content, they ensure that they are in the best mental state, and then everyone receives protective materials and goes to the airport for pre-flight preparation.
At the apron, Li Jing went around the plane to check the fuel tank, rotor, tail, engine air intake, landing gear and other parts. After finishing the engine room inspection, she waited for the passengers to board the plane and prepare for takeoff.
At 15:05, with the roar of the engine and the fading horizon, flight OQ2351 left the ground and rushed into the sky …
Although this is Li Jing’s last Spring Festival travel rush, he said that even if he retires, his love for aviation will never diminish.
Upstream News chongqing morning post Reporter Li Jing Photography Gan Xiayi
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