Running can burn fat, so the more you run, the better the fat reduction effect will be.

Running is a very effective exercise to lose weight, and it is the first choice for the majority of dieters. However, due to the lack of relevant sports knowledge, many people will encounter many problems when they lose weight by running.

For example, I think that the more I run, the more fat I consume, so I am desperate to run wildly, and I can’t wait to run tens of thousands of kilometers in one day to consume all the body fat.

The more you run, the more fat you consume. To some extent, this view is correct. But the problem is that the human body has its limits. A body with an excessive body fat rate cannot run forever. Even if you think you can keep running, your body is gradually collapsing.

Every time you run, there is actually a limit value. When you are about to reach the limit, your body will show some signals as a warning. If you run faster, when you reach the limit, your running speed will drop uncontrollably. No matter how fast you want to run, you can’t take a bigger step. This is because there is little muscle glycogen left in your body, and the proportion of fat consumption has reached the maximum, but the energy provided by fat consumption is actually not much, which is not enough to support your running faster. This is a very important signal that your body can’t run much longer.

If the brain is still trying to run at this time, it can only decompose the protein in the muscle to provide energy as a supplement, which is very harmful to the muscle tissue and the root cause of running off the muscle. While consuming protein’s function, the brain will secrete endorphins, which is a natural analgesic and can relieve the pain of reaching the limit. At this time, you will suddenly change from a painful running state to a light-footed one. This is actually a second warning, but many people mistakenly think that running is getting better and better, so they will run more and expand the harm caused by excessive running.

After the muscle mass caused by long-term excessive running decreases, the basal metabolic rate of the body will also decrease, and the speed of fat loss will slow down. This is really "going too far".

In addition, excessive running in desperate pursuit of running distance will also lead to terrible consequences such as joint wear, muscle strain and even acute renal failure.

The process of losing weight is very long, and there is no shortcut at all. If you run moderately and develop running habits slowly, the body fat rate will gradually decrease unconsciously.

Wang Xin’s career and love have a double harvest! Get Ma Kui’s approval and capture Merry ma’s heart!

Before the Spring Festival, "Coming from South to North" was on the air.
Xiaoqi plays with his family every day.
It is simply a necessary entertainment link for the Spring Festival.
The train and the interesting things in the courtyard were staged one after another, and the atmosphere was full of family fun.
It really adds a lot of happiness to the New Year.
After the new year, "going south and going north" also ushered in a new atmosphere.
All staff have a new look, and each has its own new breakthrough.
Let Xiaoqi show you a new scene of prosperity in the compound!
Remember Wang Xin (Bai Jingting) and Ma Kui (Ding Yongdai)
Was it incompatible when we first met?
Today’s Wang Xin is growing up in setbacks.
He is no longer an afterlife who talks about "the little gun king of the police academy"
He took master’s words to heart.
Think again and again when you encounter problems.
After making a mistake and being transferred, Wang Xin stopped acting rashly.
Several cases, large and small, have been cracked in succession.
This is different from the past
Today’s Wang Xin deserves this big red flower.
Won the recognition of Ma Kui.
Also won the heart of Merry ma (Gina)
How can Ma Kui, as a master, lag behind his disciples?
The original Ma Kui was strict father, a strict teacher.
I don’t know much about how to get along with my family
Under the warmth of the closest relatives.
Ma Kui seemed to turn on the tender feelings switch.
Although the mouth is still hard, but the soft heart has overflowed the screen.
He took the initiative to visit Wang Xin at Hongyang Station.
Take Merry ma to buy high heels and try them on for her.
The Relationship among Wang Xin, Ma Kui and Merry ma
Is getting closer and closer.
Encouraged by the growth of both boyfriend and father,
Merry ma also found a new direction of love and career.
Once, her love was hard to open in my heart.
Watching a sweetheart fall in love will only sulk.
Today’s Merry ma has a delicate mind
Take the initiative to help Wang Xin and Ma Kui break the ice
After understanding one’s own mind
She took the initiative to visit Wang Xin in Hongyang.
The relationship between the two is heating up rapidly.
No more guessing each other’s minds
See others doing small business.
Merry ma also wants to do business in the sea.
Start with a stall and accumulate little by little.
Can Ma Yan make a career?
We can look forward to it
"Going from south to north" is a new atmosphere in the new year, and the compound also welcomes new people
Niu Dali (Liu Guanlin), who pursues love with brute force, has made rapid progress in her feelings.
Pulling Yao Yuling (Jiang Yan) to push up the car of love.
It’s just that Yuling is always uncertain about Yao, and seems to have other choices.
With the concerted efforts of Qi Xin from all the people in the compound.
Cai Xiaonian (Song Jiateng) successfully married his wife.
In a happy place, the Cai family is also happy.
A guest from Harbin, Jia Jinlong (Li Naiwen), also came to the compound.
Woolen coat and small leather shoes, handsome and full of praise.
When Jinlong Yuling met under the cherry tree, it seemed like an idol drama.
The relationship between these two people seems very unusual? !
Ma Kui’s old friend visited.
Lili (Rain Wang), the daughter of an old friend, also lives in Ma’s house.
As soon as they met, Merry ma and Lili got along like sisters.
The two girls are stubborn and obedient, which makes people curious.
Can Lili blend into Ma’s family smoothly?
Can Ma Kui’s bowl of water be leveled?
The newcomers in the compound are wave after wave.
Everyone smiles and is very lively.
Wang Xin, Ma Kui, Merry ma and others also ushered in new challenges.
The train was shocked by the case of dismemberment, and Wang Xin and Ma Kui jointly investigated it.
Wang Xin and Merry ma have increasingly clear feelings.
Can they get Ma Kui’s permission?
The excitement of "going north and south" continues.
Meet you at iQiyi at 19:30 every day on time.
Reporting/feedback

"Warm management" of Beijing Sports Lottery Store warms people’s hearts.

In the cold winter, Beijing is freezing. In order to provide a warm haven and resting place for lottery buyers and pedestrians who travel in the cold, Beijing Sports Lottery stores have started "warm management" one after another, helping everyone dispel the cold and protect their health with warm environment layout and enthusiastic service.

Sphygmomanometer plays a big role

"Small seeks you this incredibly have a sphygmomanometer? Then I have to test it. " Another lottery buyer who walked into the 36245 Sports Lottery Store in Haidian District in the cold wind quickly found the electronic sphygmomanometer specially placed in a conspicuous position by the agent Mr. Mou, and took the initiative to ask for blood pressure measurement.

In September 2023, Beijing Sports Lottery launched the "Healthy China Healthy Sports Lottery" activity, and established the Beijing Sports Lottery Health Benefit Station through the form of "Sports Lottery+Medical Care". Beijing Sports Lottery has equipped the first batch of 80 health benefit stations with electronic sphygmomanometer, oximeter and body fat scale as convenience facilities in the sports lottery health benefit station for use in the store. This winter, these health facilities played a big role. Mr. Mou told reporters: "Our store has an electronic sphygmomanometer sent by Beijing Sports Lottery Center, and my wife has a nurse qualification certificate. She is very concerned about the health of lottery buyers on weekdays and has been thinking about how to serve everyone as much as possible."

"Cold weather is very unfriendly to cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. After Beijing cooled down this year, I put the sphygmomanometer in a conspicuous position in the store, which is convenient for the lottery buyers to test themselves. For older people, as well as tourists from the south, I will take the initiative to persuade them to measure their blood pressure and pay attention to their health. " Mr. Yan said.

Hot ginger soup to create a warm haven

No matter how windy and slippery the road is, there are always some people who have to go out. The Beijing Sports Lottery Store with sufficient heating and hot water can be their warm haven. "The people in this store are very good. I am actually waiting for someone nearby. The little girl said to let me come in to warm up and have a cup of hot water. It’s still warm in the house, but the enthusiasm of sports lottery is warmer and warmer in my heart. " In the 43276 Sports Lottery Store in Yongledian Town, Tongzhou District, an uncle praised the salesman Li Hongyan.

"There is no heating in the sports lottery store, but I turn on the air conditioner every day. The store is as warm as spring, and many people who go to the market will come to my store to rest." Li Hongyan said, I am warm to every guest who comes in, even if they are not here to buy lottery tickets, but just to take shelter, drink water or borrow a pump.

There are many sports lottery shops in Beijing, like Li Hongyan, which prepare hot water in their shops to provide a safe haven for their guests. Others specially cooked ginger soup at home and took it to the store in a thermos. "It is said that drinking ginger soup can better drive away the cold and prevent colds, so I have prepared some for people in need. It is not easy for people to go out in cold weather, and good health is very important. " Li Yong, a consignment agent in Tongzhou District, said.

Warm service can drive away the cold.

A cup of hot water can warm your hands, a warm room can warm your body, and a warm word can warm your heart. When it snowed before, many Beijing Sports Lottery people not only swept away the snow and ice in front of the door, but also swept the road at the door together with the snow in the nearby community, and laid anti-skid mats in the store, posted anti-skid tips, and used warm words and temperature service to drive away the cold for the guests who entered the door; In Yanqing District, which is colder than the urban area of Beijing, when it was found that heating and air conditioning could not effectively raise the temperature in the store, the Sports Lottery Store No.48022 decided to temporarily add a salesperson to reduce the waiting time of lottery buyers. There are also physical stores that strive to consider the possible needs of lottery buyers and prepare facilities in place. For example, umbrellas, chargers with various interfaces, band-AIDS, cold medicine, shoe polish and brush, disposable handbags, newspapers and magazines, chewing gum, etc. are always available.

It’s warmer in Leng Qing, and the cold wind can’t blow away the light and heat of sports lottery. In the new year, Beijing Sports Lottery and the respectable and lovely Beijing Sports Lottery people will continue to send more true feelings and warmth to the lottery buyers and the society. (From January 30th, China Sports Daily, 08 edition) 

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How does SHEIN break the monopoly pattern of international fashion brands with flexible supply chain?

In the global fashion industry, fierce market competition and the increasingly diversified needs of consumers are constantly reshaping the pattern of the industry. European and American markets have been dominated by international brands for a long time, and the entry threshold and challenges of China brands are self-evident. However, in a few decades, SHEIN has sprung up suddenly. With its unique business model and subversive supply chain management, it has successfully broken the monopoly position of international brands in Europe and the United States and become a unicorn brand in the fashion field.

So the question is, how did SHEIN do it?

In fact, hundreds of years of foreign commercial culture and fashion culture have spawned a series of foreign brands that have existed for decades, and they have certain first-Mover advantages compared with domestic brands in terms of technical details and product quality. However, this long-term accumulation has also led to the relative complexity and inflexibility of its organizational structure and operation mode, which is often called "cumbersome".

"Clumsy" is actually relative. Take Zara as an example, although it has shown the characteristics of efficient operation in many aspects. For example, it adopts SPA mode, characterized by high turnover rate and high profit rate, and captures the trend information from physical stores, fashion magazines, fashion shows and other channels and quickly transforms it into design inspiration. Nevertheless, Zara still represents a mature and large-scale industry model, and there is still room for further improvement in flexibility and rapid response.

Compared with traditional fashion brands, the operation mode displayed by SHEIN presents a completely different style. Because sales are entirely based on online retail, real-time feedback of information is more direct and efficient. In the production process of ordering, the small order adopted by SHEIN can be more sensitive. Usually, 100-200 products are produced on a small scale and put into the market for testing. If the sales trend is good, the order will be returned immediately, but if the sales are not up to expectations, the production will be suspended. And ZARA’s first order should be at least 500-1000 pieces.

SHEIN also actively uses its own technological advantages and experience to promote the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries such as clothing manufacturing. Due to the flexible supply chain mode of on-demand production, the whole link is upgraded from front-end fashion trend, design and development, manufacturing, warehousing and logistics, which brings about the improvement of the whole efficiency.

Before cooperating with SHEIN, most of these factories did not have the ability of systematization and intelligence, and most of them relied on manual work, Excel, mail and other traditional ways to arrange production, which was very inefficient and did not have competitive advantages in the industry. However, after cooperating with SHEIN, they completed the transformation into a digital factory with full chain digitalization, which greatly reduced the waste of materials and the waiting time of workers. Based on demand supply, the inventory rate of brands can be reduced to low single digits, while the average unsold inventory level of other brands in the industry is 30%.

SHEIN, a technology-driven flexible on-demand supply chain, not only improves industrial efficiency, reduces waste, but also helps to protect the environment. At the same time, due to the cost reduction caused by waste reduction and efficiency improvement, brands can give back 100% of these values to end consumers, share the created value with consumers, and greatly reduce the sales price of goods.

This "small order and quick response" model gives SHEIN a significant advantage, which is reflected in higher commodity turnover rate and finer inventory management. It enables SHEIN to more accurately test and quickly capture the explosive potential styles in the market, while almost avoiding the risk of excessive inventory. In the view of Boston Consulting Group, this agility of on-demand fashion has become the source of competitive advantage in the fashion industry, and the agile supply chain model represented by SHEIN has become an irresistible trend of the industry, which is gradually changing the rules of the game of the global fashion industry and leading the industry to develop in a more efficient and sustainable direction.

Reporting/feedback

TOP200 list of sales of real estate enterprises in China in 2019

Source: real estate people’s words
☉ Wen/Kerui Research Center
List revision instructions
This year is the 11th year that Kerui compiled the sales list of China real estate enterprises, from the initial TOP20 to TOP50, TOP100 and TOP200;; From the single sales list to the launch of the trading list representing trading ability and the equity list of investment ability, we have been truly, rigorously and fairly recording the industry changes, pattern evolution and model innovation in the past 10 years.
Since January 2019, on the basis of the original sales flow list and equity list, we have added a sales full-caliber list. Full-scale sales refers to the statistical method that all projects of enterprise groups and joint ventures and associated companies are included in the performance, regardless of the proportion of equity and whether they are trading. Because the agent construction belongs to the export management behavior, the sales performance generated by the agent construction is not included in the full-caliber list data. The full-caliber list reflects the enterprise’s urban layout and project expansion ability.
The trading list is based on enterprise trading, that is, if a project is jointly developed by a number of housing enterprises, the performance of the project is only classified as trading enterprises. It reflects the marketing and trading ability of the enterprise, and the sales performance generated by the enterprise’s agent construction is included in the statistics of trading caliber.
The equity list is based on the proportion of corporate equity, that is, if a project cooperates with a number of housing enterprises, the performance of the project will be included in the corresponding enterprises according to the proportion of equity. It reflects the financial strength and investment ability of the enterprise. (Note: The data of equity caliber does not include the equity of the parent company and related parties, and the employee’s follow-up investment)
In view of the fact that most listed real estate enterprises have changed the caliber of performance announcement from consolidated statement to full caliber, readers who need to compare with the data released by listed companies can refer to the full caliber list.
List interpretation
In 2019, the cumulative equity sales amount of TOP100 real estate enterprises increased by 6.5% year-on-year, far less than 40.5% in 2017 and 35.1% in 2018. By the end of December, most large-scale housing enterprises have achieved their annual performance targets, but the overall overfulfilled rate is not as good as that in 2016 and 2017.
On the whole, the market environment for the industry to maintain long-term and stable development has become clear. It is expected that the overall scale growth of enterprises will continue to rise steadily in 2020, and the differentiation pattern within the top 100 housing enterprises will also be continued. While the sales threshold of real estate enterprises in each echelon is further improved and the competition is intensified, TOP30 will become an important watershed for scale development.
01
Overall performance: the growth rate of the industry slowed down significantly.
Better performance in the second and fourth quarters
In 2019, with the central government’s clear goal of "stabilizing land prices, stabilizing housing prices and stabilizing expectations", market regulation tends to be normalized, the credit level gradually tightens, and the real estate market develops steadily and healthily. As of the end of December, the cumulative equity sales amount of TOP100 real estate enterprises increased by 6.5% year-on-year, which was less than 40.5% in 2017 and 35.1% in 2018. The growth rate of the overall scale of the industry has slowed down significantly compared with the previous two years, and the growth of the top 100 housing enterprises has "stalled".
Judging from the annual performance trend, the overall sales performance of the top 100 real estate enterprises in the second and fourth quarters of this year was better, and the scale of equity sales increased by 7.5% and 11.7% respectively compared with the same period of last year. Among them, the "Xiaoyangchun" market in the first and second quarters, especially in March and April, increased the market enthusiasm, and the monthly year-on-year growth rate rebounded significantly from the beginning of the year. After the second half of the year, enterprises increased their supply, and the year-on-year growth rate of performance also showed a rebound trend. Especially since September, it has coincided with the peak of supply at the end of the year, and the performance of enterprises has stabilized and rebounded under the promotion of both pushing and marketing efforts.
But on the whole, the real market situation is not as optimistic as the growth rate of corporate performance. At present, the market pressure of chemical industry still exists, and the overall chemical industry rate is still relatively low. Judging from the push and de-transformation of real estate enterprises throughout the year, the average single-plate production capacity of large-scale real estate enterprises in 2019 decreased compared with that in 2018, and the performance growth mainly depended on the increase in the number of projects on sale.
02
Concentration: echelon differentiation pattern intensifies
TOP30 scale development watershed
By the end of 2019, the concentration of equity sales amount of TOP3, TOP10, TOP30, TOP50 and TOP100 housing enterprises had reached nearly 9.5%, 21.4%, 35.7%, 43.5% and 53% respectively. In terms of echelons, while the overall growth rate of the industry has slowed down, the differentiation pattern of housing enterprises in the top 100 echelons has intensified.
Among them, the scale growth of leading real estate enterprises slowed down and the concentration decreased slightly under the strategy of improving quality control speed. TOP4-10, TOP11-20 echelon scale enterprises have increased in concentration, and echelon competition has intensified, while the concentration of TOP21-30 echelon housing enterprises is basically the same. On the whole, TOP30 echelon housing enterprises benefit from the scale effect, national layout and relatively mature internal control mechanism, and have more industry competitiveness and room for further improvement in the future. With the rapid accumulation of resources in the real estate market to advantageous enterprises, TOP30 housing enterprises have become a watershed in the scale development of housing enterprises.
It is worth noting that after TOP30 in 2019, the concentration of housing enterprises in each echelon showed a downward trend compared with that in 2018. The concentration of the TOP31-50, TOP51-100 and TOP101-200 echelons has declined, and the internal rankings of the echelons will change more frequently as the competition pattern further intensifies.
03
Threshold for listing: amount of equity of TOP100 housing enterprises
The threshold has dropped, and the expansion of 100 billion housing enterprises has slowed down.
In 2019, the threshold of equity sales amount of real estate enterprises in each echelon of TOP50 increased slightly compared with the same period of last year. Among them, the threshold of the equity amount of TOP10 housing enterprises reached 170.35 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 5.8%. The threshold of equity amount of TOP20 and TOP30 real estate enterprises is 111 billion yuan and 82.52 billion yuan respectively, and the threshold increase is 12% and 3.6% respectively. The competition pattern of TOP50 housing enterprises has intensified, and the threshold of equity amount has increased by 7.6% compared with the same period of last year to 51.71 billion yuan. By the end of December, the threshold of the equity amount of TOP100 enterprises in each echelon was reduced from 20.4 billion yuan last year to 18.78 billion yuan, while the threshold of TOP200 enterprises remained at around 6 billion yuan.
In addition, by the end of 2019, the number of full-caliber 100 billion housing enterprises increased by only 4 to 34 compared with the same period of last year, and the number of housing enterprises with a scale of 50-100 billion reached 33. Compared with the high increase in the previous two years, in 2019, under the background of slowing down the growth rate of the industry scale, the number of newly added 100 billion housing enterprises dropped significantly, and the expansion of large-scale housing enterprises slowed down.
04
Corporate performance: the leading housing enterprises grew steadily.
Evergrande ranked first in the equity list.
By the end of 2019, the full-caliber sales of the four leading real estate enterprises had exceeded 550 billion yuan, but the growth rate slowed down significantly compared with the same period in 2018. Among TOP4 housing enterprises, Evergrande achieved remarkable results through price reduction promotion in September and October, especially in October, when it achieved a monthly performance of 90.3 billion yuan. By the end of the year, the accumulated sales amount of full caliber was 608 billion yuan, exceeding the annual target of 600 billion yuan for the whole year, and the scale of equity sales ranked first in the industry.
Sunac, on the other hand, broke through 500 billion yuan for the first time by virtue of its merger and acquisition advantages, abundant sales volume and high-quality product quality, and its monthly sales for three consecutive months from September to November remained above 60 billion yuan. In 2019, the total sales amount of full caliber was 555.63 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of over 20%, which exceeded the annual sales target of 550 billion yuan. It is worth noting that, in addition to TOP4 housing enterprises, Poly is also close behind, and its full-scale performance this year exceeds 470 billion yuan.
05
Target completion rate: the vast majority of housing enterprises
Achieve the annual target as scheduled
Judging from the completion of corporate goals in 2019, most housing enterprises that set performance targets during the year have achieved their annual performance targets. Among them, 9 housing enterprises such as Shimao, Longhu, Sunshine City, Jinke, Zhongliang, Yuzhou and Baolong performed well, and completed the annual target ahead of schedule as early as November. By the end of December, the target completion rates of eight real estate enterprises, including Shimao, Sunshine City, Jinke, Zhongliang, Zhongjun and Jianye, were all above 115%.
On the whole, however, in recent years, regulation and control have continued, the overall market turnover rate is less than expected, and the target completion rate of housing enterprises has been decreasing year by year. Compared with 2016 and 2017, the target completion rate of nearly 80% of housing enterprises exceeded 110%, and the number of housing enterprises in this area decreased significantly in 2019. This year, the target completion rate of only half of housing enterprises is concentrated between 100% and 110%. We believe that under the background that the overall target growth rate of housing enterprises has slowed down and the average target growth rate has dropped from 41% in 2018 to 20%, although most housing enterprises have achieved their annual performance targets in 2019, their overall performance is not as good as that in 2016 and 2017.
06
Quality of growth: increased cooperation and decreased rights and interests.
The high-quality growth of enterprises should be paid more attention.
As can be seen from the data of the equity list, the overall project cooperation in the industry has increased in recent years, and the equity ratio of the sales amount of TOP100 housing enterprises has dropped from 85% in 2016 to about 75% at present. On the one hand, under the current industry background of high land price, tight funds for housing enterprises, increasing difficulty in land acquisition and development risks, cooperative development between housing enterprises has become the norm. On the other hand, under the current market background, more small-scale enterprises choose to expand the full-scale performance scale through cooperative development, and the overall equity ratio is correspondingly reduced.
However, we believe that in recent years, under the industry development trend of continuous policy regulation, slow growth of enterprise scale, leading real estate enterprises improving quality control speed and pursuing high-quality growth, the era of real estate enterprises blindly pursuing full-caliber sales scale has passed. Based on the increase of current project cooperation, the caliber of sales manipulation and equity can better reflect the marketing, operation and investment capabilities of enterprises, and should be paid more attention. For example, Country Garden, China Resources, Sunshine City, R&F, Kaisa and other enterprises all choose to disclose their equity performance, which also shows that their management has paid more attention to the high-quality growth of their performance while developing their scale.
07
Outlook: Enterprise Development Outlook in 2020
Looking forward to 2020, the main tone of the central government’s policy of "housing without speculation and keeping the word steady" will not change, and the central government will also strictly control financial risks. Stability will remain the top priority of real estate policy regulation in the next stage. At the enterprise level, although the overall market is under pressure, the environment for the industry to maintain long-term stable development has become clear. It is expected that the overall scale growth of large-scale housing enterprises will enter a stable period in the future. In the market adjustment period, the financing environment of housing enterprises will continue to operate at a low level, and corporate investment will remain cautious. In addition, with the return of residential products to the essence of living, more housing enterprises will exert their efforts from the product side in the future to enhance the competitiveness of their products through standardized product systems, refined products and intelligent construction.
Market: financial control, risk prevention and stability are the main tone.
Judging from the trend of industrial policies, the main tone of the central government’s "staying in the house without speculation, keeping the word steady" will not change in 2020, and stability will remain the top priority of real estate regulation and control policies in the next stage. On the one hand, the real estate industry is the most important area of deleveraging at this stage, and the central government will control financial risks to ensure that systematic financial risks do not occur. Monetary policy will be moderately tight to avoid flooding, but structural easing is expected. At the same time, with the downward movement of LPR interest rate center, the mortgage interest rate will also decrease steadily. On the other hand, local regulation will remain "loose outside and tight inside", the new talent policy will continue to exert its strength, and the "four limits" regulation will be partially relaxed, but the overall policy environment will continue to be tight.
Based on this, the overall transaction scale in 2020 is expected to be the same as this year or slightly increase, and the market of cities with different energy levels will be relatively independent. The property market in first-tier cities is expected to heat up slightly, while the overall stability of second-tier cities will continue, and the callback pressure will mainly focus on most third-and fourth-tier cities with serious overdraft demand in the early stage and lack of fundamental support. On the other hand, the investment in real estate development will keep a steady and slightly declining trend, and the acceleration of construction and completion will provide solid support for it. The cumulative growth rate of newly started area will gradually decline. Due to the tight capital and low base, the growth rate of land acquisition area will continue to rise, but the growth rate is relatively limited.
Performance: the scale growth tends to be stable, and the high-quality development of enterprises is the key.
Although the overall market pressure will be reduced in 2019, the market environment for the industry to maintain long-term stable development has become clear. It is expected that the overall scale growth of enterprises will enter a stable period in 2020, and the overall growth will remain stable. At the same time, the competition among echelon housing enterprises in the top 100 will intensify, and the differentiation pattern will also continue. Under such an industry background and competitive pattern, the strategy of housing enterprises should be based on prudence and stability. For housing enterprises, preventing risks and better adapting to market adjustment are the top priority.
At present, the era of housing enterprises blindly pursuing full-caliber sales scale has passed, and the development focus of enterprises has gradually shifted from "increment" to "quality improvement". While the overall target growth rate of housing enterprises is slowing down, the industry will also pay more attention to the high-quality growth of performance. In the context of market pressure, the growth of enterprise sales scale can not simply depend on the increase of supply, and the fierce industry competition in the future will put forward higher requirements for the organization, control and operation of housing enterprises themselves. Urban layout, brand effect, project quality and product strength will all be important components of the future core competitiveness of housing enterprises.
Investment: cash is king, and new investment continues to be cautious.
In 2020, the investment of housing enterprises will remain cautious, and differentiation, focus and prudence are the main themes. First of all, under the background of loose policies and tight financing, the cash pressure of most enterprises has increased sharply. It is expected that the investment attitude of enterprises will continue the conservative trend in the past two years, and land acquisition will return to rationality. Secondly, as the land market cools down and the comparable land price tends to fall, the land market in different cities may be divided, and some cities with "the bottom line has not fallen and is expected to decline" may make concessions under local financial pressure. On the whole, the overall investment rhythm in 2020 will show a situation of "loose before and tight after". If the land acquired before the year can be listed within the year, it will still be attractive to enterprises with high turnover.
In the choice of cities, contraction, focus and regional deep cultivation will be the main strategic directions for the future layout of housing enterprises. In 2020, we should focus on first-and second-tier cities and provincial capital cities with rebounding market. In the choice of third-and fourth-tier cities, we should avoid full coverage and excessive sinking, be alert to the irrational rise of land prices and serious population loss in the early stage, and focus on the third-and fourth-tier cities with industrial support under the dividend of the city circle, such as the integration of the Yangtze River Delta and the satellite cities in Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area. From the perspective of rotation, after a wave of adjustment in the third-and fourth-tier cities around the core of these rings, the future development prospects are still huge under the impetus of urban agglomeration and urban agglomeration dividends.
Financing: The financing environment is low, and the hematopoietic capacity of the enterprise itself is the key.
After the first quarter of 2019, the financing environment of housing enterprises is basically at the bottom, and the financing difficulty of housing enterprises has increased significantly after the window period. It is expected that the financing of housing enterprises will remain at a low level in the short term. From the perspective of financing costs, the financing costs of most enterprises are rising in 2019, mainly because the financing costs at home and abroad, especially the cost of issuing bonds abroad, continue to rise. And affected by the continuous increase of domestic financing restrictions, the proportion of overseas financing of enterprises has also continued to increase. It is expected that the financing cost of housing enterprises will continue to remain at a high level in the future.
In terms of financing channels, traditional financing channels such as trust loans, bank loans, corporate bonds and overseas debts are subject to more and more restrictions. Although the financing scale of asset securitization products has increased, it is still limited for the overall financing relief of housing enterprises. On the other hand, although the listing fever continued in 2019, the number of newly listed real estate enterprises continued to remain at a high level. But for housing enterprises, listing does not mean that it is a matter of course. From the perspective of long-term development, how to improve the repayment ability of enterprises, optimize their own financial structure, achieve high-quality development, and gain recognition from the capital market determines the ultimate benefit of housing enterprises’ listing.
Products: The housing returns to the essence of living, and the era of product bonus is coming.
At present, most large-scale housing enterprises have begun to cultivate deeply after completing the national layout, and the product war of housing enterprises has begun. As residential products begin to return to the essence of living, more housing enterprises will exert their strength from the product side and seek profit increase by creating product premiums. We believe that the product development of real estate enterprises in the future will have the following major trends:
First of all, more and more housing enterprises will focus on the standardization of product systems and promote the digital application of real estate. While strengthening the collaborative mechanism, we will further improve work efficiency and empower data-driven decision-making and production integration. Secondly, the change of customer demand accelerates the spatial innovation of residential units, and the customization and refinement of residential products will become a trend in the future. In the future, the continuous release of demand for diversification and improvement will force housing enterprises to accelerate the spatial innovation and refined development of product units. Third, in the pursuit of a better life, buyers’ measurement of living experience will gradually extend from the apartment type itself to the construction and operation of residential community space. The construction and operation of residential community space will also become one of the main selling points of future housing projects. Finally, with the increasing number of young buyers, the acceptance and recognition of intelligence will also be significantly improved. With the help of science and technology, smart homes and smart communities will be more used in projects, and the wave of product intelligence will continue.
Diversification: strategic convergence and focus, with real estate business as the axis extension.
In recent years, many large-scale housing enterprises have contracted diversified businesses and focused on the development of their main businesses through strategic adjustment. In the future, the overall diversification strategy of enterprises will become more cautious. On the one hand, it is difficult for some housing enterprises to find a suitable profit model for their diversified businesses, and the input-output efficiency is less than expected, thus dragging down the overall development of enterprises. Timely divestiture is a reasonable choice under the strategic contraction of housing enterprises. On the other hand, in the process of continuous exploration and trial and error of diversified business development, housing enterprises will pay more attention to tapping the potential of strong business, realize the effective allocation of resources, strengthen the focus and give play to their strong advantages. The diversified business of enterprises will still focus on the ecological business of real estate, with a clearer development direction and closer synergy with the main business of real estate.
Reporting/feedback

On the 12th, the highest temperature in Shiyan will hit 21℃! The latest weather forecast is coming.

In early January, the average temperature in our city was 5.8℃, 2.7℃ higher than normal. The highest temperature on the 9th was 19.9℃, and Yunxi County, Shiyan City, Yunyang District and Fangxian County were all the highest in the same period in history.

According to the latest meteorological data analysis: January is expectedThe average temperature in our city in the middle of the year is 3~ 4℃, about 1℃ higher than normal; The precipitation is 10 ~ 20 mm, which is obviously more than normal.15SolsticeThere was a rainy (snowy) weather process on the 19th.

From 11th to 13th, the city is expected to be sunny to cloudy, and the temperature will rise rapidly, which can be said to be an abnormal warming.12(th)The highest temperature can reach21℃;14thIncreased cloud cover;Beginning on the 15th, affected by cold and warm air, it cooled down the rainfall.

Recently, the temperature has changed greatly, reminding the public to pay attention to the latest weather forecast information in time, dress reasonably and prevent colds.

Specific forecast

Shiyan City:

On the 11 th, it was cloudy to sunny, 0 C ~ 19 C;

On the 12 th, it was sunny to cloudy, 3 C ~ 21 C;

On the 13th, sunny to cloudy, 4℃ ~ 18℃;

Yunyang District:

On the 11 th, it was cloudy to sunny,-2 C ~ 19 C;

On the 12 th, it was sunny to cloudy, 2 C ~ 20 C;

On the 13th, sunny to cloudy, 4℃ ~ 18℃;

Yunxi County:

On the 11 th, it was cloudy to sunny,-3 C ~ 19 C;

On the 12th, sunny to cloudy, 0℃ ~ 20℃;

On the 13th, sunny to cloudy, 3℃ ~ 18℃;

Danjiangkou city:

On the 11 th, it was cloudy to sunny, 1 C ~ 18 C;

On the 12 th, it was sunny to cloudy, 4 C ~ 19 C;

On the 13th, sunny to cloudy, 6℃ ~ 17℃;

Zhuxi County:

On the 11 th, it was cloudy to sunny,-3 C ~ 19 C;

On the 12 th, it was sunny to cloudy,-1 C ~ 18 C;

On the 13th, sunny to cloudy, 1℃ ~ 18℃;

Zhushan County:

On the 11 th, it was cloudy to sunny, 0 C ~ 18 C;

On the 12 th, it was sunny to cloudy, 3 C ~ 18 C;

On the 13th, sunny to cloudy, 4℃ ~ 18℃;

Fangxian county:

On the 11 th, it was cloudy to sunny,-1 C ~ 20 C;

On the 12 th, it was sunny to cloudy, 1 C ~ 20 C;

On the 13th, sunny to cloudy, 2℃ ~ 19℃;

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What should I do if I still cough for a long time after the acute respiratory infection improves?

Some patients’ cough persists for 3~8 weeks after the symptoms of acute respiratory infection disappear, and there is no obvious abnormality in chest X-ray examination, among which cough caused by viral cold is the most common, also known as "cough after cold".

If you have an occasional cough, you don’t need to take medicine.

If cough symptoms are obvious, it is suggested to use antitussive drugs for a short time, and compound methoxyphenamine has certain effect on cough after cold.

If there is more phlegm, you can take expectorants orally, such as ambroxol and guaifenesin.

Some children may suffer from chronic cough due to increased airway reactivity after respiratory tract infection, especially those with previous history of wheezing, eczema and allergies.

In addition to medical treatment under the guidance of a doctor, you should also try to avoid contact with pollen, tobacco, pets and so on. We can promote the discharge of sputum by atomizing treatment, patting the back, taking expectorants or treating with traditional Chinese medicine. Appropriate increase of air humidity is also beneficial to improve respiratory comfort.

Reporting/feedback

China’s financial opening up has made two big hits. This blue ocean opportunity, Americans are afraid to fall behind.

  Just two days after the news of French, German, Japanese and other commercial banks and insurance institutions applying to land in China came out, two more news came: First, on May 2, the Central Bank of China confirmed that the first foreign-funded payment institution had applied to the Central Bank of China for business. This means that foreign payment institutions have taken the first step to enter the China market. Second, on the same day, it was reported that a foreign company had started to apply for a credit investigation license in China.

  This is the embodiment of China’s further financial opening.

  Let’s look at the company that applied for third-party payment, named WorldFirst, which is a British-funded company. In April 2018, WorldFirst just launched the first collection product for cross-border B2B sellers in China — — World Account to solve the problem of cross-border payment for cross-border e-commerce sellers, so it is very important to obtain a third-party payment license in China, otherwise, the development of China market will be limited. The application of WorldFirst to the Bank of China for a cross-border business payment license indicates that China’s financial opening is expected to go further in the field of third-party payment.

  The company that applied for the credit information business license is even bigger. Yiborui Company, headquartered in Ireland, is a giant of credit information business in the world, with business all over the world and huge branches in the United States.

  Generally speaking, if the central bank confirms the receipt of the application, it means that the central bank has actually started the process of approval. Therefore, these two cases, some low-key applications, were officially confirmed, which means that China’s financial opening-up is real, and it is a fence to cut the knife and cut the flesh.

  The third-party payment market in China has achieved great success in recent years. The well-known third-party payment companies represented by WeChat and Alipay have made eye-catching profits in this field. Ant Financial has mastered Alipay, and its valuation has surpassed many financial companies in the United States by hundreds of billions of dollars. However, the size of WeChat Tenpay is not inferior to Alipay. Of course, its actual valuation should also be around here. Even so, China’s third-party payment market still has great potential to be tapped. For China’s huge domestic third-party payment market, foreign capital used to be out of reach. But now it seems that soon, foreign capital can come in to participate in the competition and share a piece of the action.

  The credit investigation market in China has just started. There is a vast space for both corporate credit investigation and personal credit investigation, and many aspects are still blank. I am afraid the market potential in this respect is no less than that of third-party payment. Different from third-party payment, there is no strong competitive opponent in China in this respect, that is to say, if foreign capital comes in, it is basically a blue ocean with huge profits.

  Therefore, China’s opening up in these two areas is really very bold and courageous.

  No wonder countries, especially several developed countries, have been acting so frequently recently.As long as they have some market judgment, they will never ignore the huge space of China’s financial market. Whoever falls behind in the process of opening China’s financial market will lose half of the future first. From a global perspective, I am afraid that the two major financial opening dividends that China wants most are American companies. Let’s look at the third-party payment market in China, which is the big fat that companies with payment services in the United States, such as Apple and paypal, want to get. Apple has previously entered the payment market in China through the cooperation with China UnionPay, but after all, it is a four-way payment, and its business development is not satisfactory. Therefore, in the competition with WeChat and Alipay, Apple, which is far behind, should dream of getting a third-party payment license in China.

  Needless to say, the three major rating agencies in the United States, Standard & Poor’s, Moody’s Investment Services and Fitch Ratings Limited, are all giants in the global credit reporting field. If they can’t successfully enter the credit reporting market in China, or lag behind other competitors in the pace of entering China, they will probably have a great adverse impact on their future competitiveness.

  However, if American companies really lag behind their western counterparts, it is not China’s fault. China people believe in "making money with harmony". After all, the United States initiated a trade war with China, and public opinion in China could hardly accept the result: open these fields and let those guys who threw stones at themselves happily take away the benefits. Needless to say, no one has the guts!

  (The author is an international critical commentator Si Hai)

A probe into the "nightlife" after work of Fuxing of China EMU

A probe into the "nightlife" after work of Fuxing of China EMU

  After the "Fuxing" was put into storage, the first process was cleaning. The picture shows the staff taking a bath for the Fuxing. Photo by Sun Guangzhe

  On June 26th, 2017, Fuxing, the EMU train with the highest speed in China, was officially put into operation, which opened the new speed of China high-speed railway. On the eve of the Spring Festival, the reporter from Zhongxin. com came to the operation office of Jinan East EMU in Shandong to visit the "nightlife" of Fuxing after work.

  "Good traction rod, good air duct and good axle … …” In the maintenance depot, Wang Xiao, the foreman of the special maintenance team of Jinan East EMU, is leading more than 10 colleagues to do a "physical examination" for a train of Fuxing, which just got off work.

  The picture shows the EMU warehousing. Holding professional lighting and video equipment, the staff crouched on both sides of the car for a series of procedures such as watching, smelling and listening. Sha Jianlong photo

  The "Fuxing" that is being "physically examined" has 16 carriages, which are parked on the trench track about 2 meters deep. The maintenance personnel are located in the front, sides, roof, under and inside the car for operations.

  Wendy Wang told reporters that "Fuxing" must pass the tread diagnosis and pantograph detection before entering the maintenance depot. Just like CT, infrared detection equipment conducts all-round detection on the tread of the wheelset and the high-voltage power receiving equipment at the top of the train, and transmits the monitoring data to the professional computer for "expert consultation".

  "After warehousing, the first process is cleaning." Wendy Wang said that after the power failure and bow lowering of the EMU, the special car wash liquid for the EMU was sprayed from the water outlet, and the professional "SPA masseur" beside the track was "Fuxing" and "taking a bath". Under normal circumstances, EMUs should be disinfected and cleaned by outdoor automatic washing machine before entering the warehouse. However, due to the cold weather in winter, the cleaning work must be carried out indoors by professionals to prevent the EMU from catching a cold.

  After cleaning, professional "doctors" will start a "full physical examination" of the EMU. According to the technical regulations and technological requirements, Harmony and Fuxing should enter the motor depot every 4,400 kilometers or 48 hours and every 6,000 kilometers or 48 hours for first-class operation and maintenance.

  "To ensure that ‘ Fuxing ’ The motor train runs at a high speed and smoothly, and every bolt and every part of the train must be accurate. " Xu Qingji, the "post-90s" ground mechanic of Jinan East EMU Operation Institute, is a member of the maintenance team, having repaired CRH2, 5, 380A, B and other vehicles. He told reporters that if problems are found during maintenance, they need to call superiors through real-time intercom equipment for diagnosis and maintenance.

  "Fuxing" is an independent research and development emu with independent intellectual property rights in combination with China’s application needs, which is more perfect and superior than the emu models that it overhauled before. Xu Qingji said that it unified the operation interfaces, passenger pages and operation modes of different OEMs, and also completely unified all interfaces and parts, established a brand-new China high-speed train standard system, and realized mutual standby, reconnection, rescue and hot standby of trains.

  In addition to the overhaul of the running gear, traction, braking, pantograph and in-vehicle facilities of Fuxing, its "brain" — — The maintenance of "ATP" system is particularly important. According to Wang Weina, chief of the ATP analysis work area of Jinan East EMU, the ATP system on board the high-speed rail is equivalent to a "black box", which is not only a monitoring system, but also records the running status of the high-speed rail in real time and transmits it to the monitor. It is also a traffic control system, which can command the safe operation of vehicles according to the track information ahead.

  Wang Weina said that when overhauling, professionals should clean up the dirt on the transponder of vehicle-mounted equipment to ensure that the transponder responsible for receiving and sending information is always in good working condition. "After ensuring that all equipment and facilities are kept in normal condition, the train can be put into operation."

  "Although the work is hard, I am very proud whenever I see a train of EMUs running normally after team maintenance." During the period of Spring Festival travel rush, the professional "doctors" of Fuxing will still stick to their posts and "escort" people’s travel. (End)

  Author Sha Jianlong

"I saw Uncle Deng’s cooking." In 1972, I spent the New Year at Deng Xiaoping’s home.

     





    In 1972, I visited Deng Xiaoping in Nanchang, Jiangxi, and spent an unforgettable New Year at Deng Xiaoping’s home. Deng Xiaoping’s cooking skills, Zhuo Lin’s enthusiasm, and his friendship with Deng Lin’s brother and sister all remain fresh in my memory.


    Visiting relatives in Nanchang on New Year’s Day


    On the eve of New Year’s Day in 1972, my sisters Da Rong and Er Rong went to Nanchang from Linchuan County, Jiangxi Province to visit Uncle Deng Xiaoping. I remember that it was a cold winter. There was a layer of mist on the boundless Ganjiang River, and no ship was seen. The distant mountains were gray, and the vegetation along the river was withered and trembling in the cold wind. We came to the guest house of the provincial party Committee by the Ganjiang River, which is the designated meeting place.


    It is said that after Deng Bobo and his family came to Jiangxi, they lived in a small building of Nanchang Infantry School. There was no heating or hot water in the building. When they wanted to take a bath, the old man had to boil the bath water downstairs and carry it to the bathroom upstairs in buckets, which was inconvenient. Moreover, it was easy for the old man to catch a cold when taking a bath in winter. This problem dragged on for a long time. When Huang Zhizhen, a former veteran cadre of Jiangxi Provincial Party Committee, learned about it, he made arrangements for Deng Bobo’s family to take a hot bath in the provincial party committee guest house every weekend. When I came to the guest house, Uncle Deng Xiaoping’s family happened to take a bath here.


    In the living room on the second floor of the hostel, we first met Aunt Zhuo Lin, Deng Lin and Mao Mao, who had just taken a bath and were combing their hair. Uncle Deng asked them to wash first and then wash themselves. When I saw Aunt Zhuo Lin, my sister and I were filled with emotion and tears. Aunt Zhuo Lin and my mother Xiao Li were good friends during the Yan ‘an period, and they had a lot of contacts. Uncle Deng came out of the shower and was very happy to see us coming. Perhaps it was because he had just taken a shower and his face was flushed and radiant. He speaks Sichuan dialect, and we also speak Sichuan dialect, because we grew up in Chengdu and have a local accent. Visiting Uncle Deng has always been our wish. Our family has a good relationship with Uncle Deng’s family, and their children grew up together. First, we reported to Liu Junxiu, deputy director of Jiangxi Revolutionary Committee, who worked in the Jinsui Military Region with my father Li Jingquan during the War of Resistance against Japan period. Our wish was realized through the contact between Uncle Liu and Uncle Deng’s family.


    Uncle Deng asked about our work and life with concern. I told him that my sister and I came to Jiangxi in 1969 and settled down in my father’s hometown, Linchuan County, to work as farmers, relying entirely on earning work points to support ourselves. Speaking of which, my sister and I took out two fish brought from our hometown, which were caught by the villagers from our pond, and some eggs saved. I told Uncle Deng that these are all fruits of labor. Please accept them for the whole family to taste. Seeing that it was getting late, we were ready to leave. On hearing this, Uncle Deng immediately said, "Don’t go today, come to our house for a few days."


    Chinese New Year at Uncle Deng’s house? The Provincial Revolutionary Committee may not agree, and I am also afraid of bringing trouble to the Deng Bobo family. "I’m afraid of you. You are all little dolls. Tomorrow is the New Year. How can you go?" Uncle Deng said. Aunt Zhuo Lin also said, "You have come a long way, but you haven’t finished yet. Come home with us and spend the New Year together. Don’t worry, I’ll tell them that I can stay at home. "


More historical news:


Churchill’s favorite female spy: She died in love for her brilliant exploits.


Mrs Nixon broke into the bedroom of Soviet leader Brezhnev at night.


Nie Gannu, a contemporary "Zhou Botong" eccentric literati, abandoned his life in wild waves.


America’s "Top Ten Worst Jobs" models are among the dishwashers.


The ancient Japanese did not eat meat for 1200 years, and the emperor’s life expectancy was shorter than that of civilians.

Korean Confucian Academy witnessing the exchange of civilizations

  Over the years, around the Dragon Boat Festival, Chinese medicine and Korean medicine, printing and Confucian classic engraving, many public hot topics have emerged. Among them, there are many misinformation, and common-sense mistakes like confusing world heritage, intangible heritage and memory engineering are also common. At this time, instead of deliberately entangled in "squatting", it is better to calm down at the same time and build a multi-dimensional coordinate system of "beauty of beauty, beauty of beauty" to improve the appreciation level of tolerance and mutual learning.

  3. Visit five academies in Korea.

  In 2011, the Korean government selected 9 representative colleges from the existing 637 colleges to apply for the World Heritage. I remember that when I read the English version of Korea’s related application documents, I couldn’t understand "Seowon". After reading it carefully, I suddenly realized that this word is not the transliteration of Chinese "Academy" from Korean and then translated into English.

  After nine years of hard work, the Confucian Academy project declared by South Korea has finally been included in the World Heritage List. What are these Confucian academies in Korea like now? What is the unique value? Over the years, I have been to South Korea three times, walking in Gyeongsang Road, which was among the eight roads of Lee’s North Korean dynasty, and visited five academies.

  Among the five academies, Pingshan Academy, located near Hehui Village, a world heritage site in Anton City, still lingers on my mind when I visit them again and again. Nowadays, tourists who come to Hehui Village can take a country road to Pingshan College for a short stay if they are still interested, but they don’t know that there is a dirt road in Hehui Village, which winds into the mountains through the rice fields at the head of the village. Walking among them, if you go up the mountain yin road and overlook the Luodong River, it flows slowly, and you stop and go, as if you were sailing with the water, and the mountains and rivers set each other off, which makes people overwhelmed. About an hour later, I arrived in front of this academy, which was built in 1613. Pingshan Academy is named after the picturesque mountains on the other side, which is generally similar to other academies’ regulations, but the special environment makes this place particularly spacious and spacious. At dusk, I boarded the building opposite to the evening, and when I looked around, the river rippled with golden waves, and the light and shadow on the other side of the cliff were displaced. The scenery was quite artistic in Du Fu’s poem, "The emerald screen should be right at night, and the white valley will swim deeply."

  Hidden in the mountains, Yun Shenchu

  Among these five academies, Shaoxiu Academy in Yeongju is the oldest, which was founded by the great scholar Li Kun (1501— 1570) was founded in 1543, initially named "Baiyundong Academy", located outside the entrance of Xiaobaishan National Park in South Korea. Perhaps because of the reconstruction of the old Buddhist temple site, the pattern of Shaoxiu Academy is quite different from other academies, and there is no clear correspondence between the lecture space and the sacrifice space, and the setting of the lent houses and lecture halls is also slightly scattered. However, it was recognized by Korean scholars as the first academy on the Korean peninsula because it had two functions of giving lectures and offering sacrifices at the earliest.

  After leaving Shaoxiu Academy, I followed the footsteps of "Haidong Zhuzi" Li Yun, from Rongzhou to Anton, and went to Taoshan Academy, which was founded in 1561. In terms of scale, it is the largest of several Korean academies I have visited; According to the situation, this academy is backed by the lush Taoshan Mountain, and faces the mighty Luodong River in front. Cangshan Mountain has clear water, and the river is full of color and charm. After several years, I still remember that when I visited that day, it was raining cats and dogs, and I couldn’t help feeling that Taoshan Academy was really the first holy land of Confucianism in the Li Dynasty.

  As for Yushan Academy and Daodong Academy, they are quite like two deep valleys and orchids. One is located in the outer suburb of Gyeongju, a thousand-year-old ancient capital, and one is hidden in the most remote Dacheng County of Daegu City. Jade Mountain Academy in Gyeongju, contrary to the traditional practice of sitting south facing north, has adopted the pattern of sitting east facing west, with small building volume and very compact layout. Daodong Academy in Dacheng County faces Luodong River, accompanied by towering ginkgo biloba in front of the door, and the pavilion at the entrance is named Shuiyue Building, which makes people wonder that if they visit on the night of "full moon on March 5", they can see the scenery of "and the moon comes running up the river".

  Might as well "beauty of beauty"

  The two most famous academies in China — — Bailudong Academy and Songyang Academy were included in the World Heritage List in 1996 and 2010 respectively as part of the "Heaven and Earth" historical buildings in Lushan and Dengfeng. As for the Confucian Academy in South Korea, the system imitates China’s early academy, and even its original Baiyundong Academy imitates the Lushan Bailudong Academy reconstructed by Zhu Xi in name. It should be noted that the English name of Korean heritage project is "Seowon, Korean Neo-Confucian Academies". If Neo-Confucian is translated into "neo-Confucianism" or "neo-Confucianism" without thinking, then the complexity of the meaning of "neo-Confucianism" in Chinese context is ignored, so it is better to follow the Chinese tradition and call it "Korean Confucian Academy".

  Lee’s Korean dynasty worshiped Confucianism, but as the scholar Ge Zhaoguang said, we can’t simply confuse the traditions of several East Asian countries. Specific to the Confucian Academy in Korea, the architectural layout refers to the configuration form of "Korean Mountain Temple" which was listed as a world heritage last year. Under the same social background and land use conditions, these academies have formed a completely different architectural model from mountain temples. Therefore, it has a direct role in promoting the formation of the so-called "true landscape" landscape concept of the Korean dynasty after the 18th century.

  Stones from other mountains can attack jade. The sense of solemnity that Korean academies continue to maintain is a relatively intact part of their cultural heritage of East Asian academies. This is also where we should study now. It is said that there are as many as 15,000 teenagers who go to Shaoxiu Academy to study traditional etiquette for three days every year. I still remember coming to Taoshan Academy, which is far away from the small town of Anton, on a non-weekend time six years ago. At that time, it was raining heavily, but a group of primary school students who were wearing raincoats but wet from head to toe came to visit. Under the guidance of the staff dressed in Confucian clothes, the children chirped into the Canon Church, and after a while they began to listen and read. In the quiet, they looked solemn and dignified, and the moment when the wind and rain sounded like reading was quite antique (see Figure 2).

      (Qiao Lujing text/map)